E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

VEGETABLE REPORT
July 2009

Seasonal
No. 974-3-09

Harvested Acreage for New York Fresh Vegetables
Down Slightly; US Acreage Virtually Unchanged

In New York, prospective area for harvest of 4 selected fresh market vegetables is 41,900 acres, down slightly from the 42,100 acres that were harvested in 2008. 

The prospective U.S. area for harvest of 11 selected fresh market vegetables during the summer quarter is forecast to be 265,100 acres, virtually unchanged from last year.  Acreage increases in snap beans, carrots, sweet corn, cucumbers, and bell peppers more than offset acreage declines in broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, head lettuce, and tomatoes.  Area forecast for melon harvest is 87,900 acres, virtually unchanged from last year.  Cantaloup area is forecast at 28,900 acres, 2 percent above 2008.  Honeydew area, at 10,200 acres, is down 5 percent from last year.  Watermelon area, at 48,800 acres, is down 1 percent from a year ago. 

Strawberry production in the U.S. is forecast at 26.2 million cwt, up 6 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 48,800 acres, is up 5 percent from 2008.  Strawberry yield is forecast at 537 cwt per acre, up 3 cwt from 2008.

New York Onion Acreage DOWN 3 PERCENT
U.S. Onion Acreage DOWN 1 Percent

New York onion growers planted 10,300 acres this year, down 3 percent from last year.  Harvested onion acreage is expected to total 9,500 acres. 

U.S. onion growers expect to harvest 151,510 acres in 2009, down 1 percent from last year.  Spring onion growers harvested 27,000 acres, down 5 percent from last season.  Summer, non-storage onion growers expect to harvest 17,700 acres, down 9 percent from a year ago.  Storage onion growers plan to harvest 106,810 acres in 2009, up 1 percent from last season.

National Processed Vegetables Down Slightly

U.S. vegetable processors have contracted 1.23 million acres to be planted to the 5 major vegetable crops (snap beans, sweet corn, cucumbers for pickles, green peas, and tomatoes).  This is up 6 percent from last year.  Acreage increases for sweet corn, cucumbers for pickles, and tomatoes more than offset the decline in snap bean acreage.  Contracted green pea acreage remains virtually unchanged.  Green pea contracted production, at 400,920 tons, is down 3 percent from 2008.  Contracted tomato production is forecast at 13.9 million tons, up 14 percent from 2008.

VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET

Crop and State

Usual
Harvest
Period

Area

Harvested

For Harvest
2009

2007

2008

   

Acres

  Snap Beans

       

Georgia

Jul-Sep

3,500

3,700

3,800

Michigan

Jul-Oct

3,100

2,800

2,900

New York

Jun-Oct

7,800

6,600

6,800

Virginia

Jul-Sep

3,200

2,200

3,300

       TOTAL

17,600

15,300

16,800

 
     

  Cabbage

     

Georgia

Jun-Sep

500

300

300

Michigan

Jun-Nov

2,400

2,400

2,500

New York

Jun-Dec

11,200

9,900

9,000

       TOTAL

14,100

12,600

11,800

 
     

Sweet Corn

     

California

Jul-Sep

9,500

9,900

9,900

Illinois

Jul-Aug

6,600

6,800

6,800

Michigan

Jul-Oct

8,700

8,500

8,700

New Jersey

Jul-Oct

7,100

7,100

7,100

New York

 Jul-Oct

22,500

22,900

23,400

North Carolina

Jun-Aug

6,200

6,500

7,600

Ohio

Jul-Sep

16,000

15,200

16,400

Pennsylvania

Jul-Oct

4,900

14,900

14,600

Wisconsin

Jul-Sep

7,400

6,800

6,500

  TOTAL

98,900

98,600

101,000

 
     

  Tomatoes

     

California

Jul-Sep

20,000

18,500

7,500

Michigan

Jul-Sep

2,200

2,100

2,100

New Jersey

Jul-Oct

2,900

2,900

2,900

New York

Jul-Oct

2,400

2,700

2,700

Pennsylvania

Jul-Oct

2,000

1,600

1,700

Virginia

Jul-Sep

4,500

4,700

4,800

         TOTAL

34,000

32,500

31,700

 
     

ONIONS:  Area Planted and Harvested, and Yield Per Acre by Season,
State, and United States, 2007-2009 1/

Season and State

Area Planted

Area Harvested

Yield Per Acre

Production

2008

2009

2008

2009

2008

2009

2007

2008

2009

 

Acres

Acres

Cwt.

1,000 Cwt.

Spring 2/

                 
Arizona

1,500

1,600

1,500

1,600

440

360

495

660

576

California

6,700

6,200

6,500

6,000

440

430

3,015

2,860

2,580

Georgia

12,000

12,000

11,500

10,500

320

250

3,240

3,680

2,625

Texas

11,000

10,300

8,900

8,900

270

435

3,120

2,403

3,872

TOTAL

31,200

30,100

28,400

27,000

338

358

9,870

9,603

9,653

                   
Summer

                 
Non-storage 2/

                 
California

7,800

6,500

7,600

6,300

540

580

4,407

4,104

3,654

Nevada

2,600

3,400

2,600

3,400

760

720

2,072

1,976

2,448

New Mexico

7,000

5,500

6,600

5,400

500

640

3,550

3,300

3,456

Texas

800

700

700

600

400

500

400

280

300

Washington 3/

1,900

2,000

1,900

2,000

360

375

570

684

750

TOTAL

20,100

18,100

19,400

17,700

533

599

10,999

10,344

10,608

                   
Storage 4/

                 
California 5/

32,500

33,400

31,300

32,000

425

 

12,325

13,303

 
Colorado

8,000

7,000

7,500

6,300

380

 

3,157

2,850

 
Idaho

8,800

9,000

8,600

8,800

720

 

6,825

6,192

 
Michigan

4,000

4,000

3,600

3,900

280

 

988

1,008

 
New York

10,600

10,300

10,100

9,500

410

 

3,780

4,141

 
Oregon

                 
             Malheur

12,200

12,000

12,200

12,000

710

 

9,828

8,662

 
             Other

9,600

9,600

9,600

9,600

620

 

6,386

5,952

 
Washington

20,000

21,000

20,000

21,000

600

 

13,725

12,000

 
Wisconsin

1,900

2,000

1,100

1,900

300

 

777

330

 
Other States 6/

1,690

1,910

1,690

1,810

497

 

978

840

 
         TOTAL

109,290

110,210

105,690

106,810

523

 

58,769

55,278

 
                   
Summer

129,390

128,310

125,090

124,510

525

 

69,768

65,622

 
                   
UnitedStates

160,590

158,410

153,490

151,510

490

 

79,638

75,225

 
                   

Processed 7/

           

8,655

9,872

 
                   

1/  Estimates for 2008 revised.
2
/  Primarily fresh market.
3/  Includes Walla Walla and other non-storage onions.
4
/  Yield and production for 2009 will be published October 2, 2009.
5
/  Primarily dehydrated and other processing.
6
/  OH and UT.
7
/  CA only, acreage and yield are not available.

VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING

State and Utilization

Area Planted

2007 Total

2008

2009 Contract 1/

Total

Contract 1/

 

Acres

   Snap Beans

       

Florida 2/

     

1,600

Illinois

13,400

12,700

12,700

13,600

Indiana

5,300

5,300

5,300

10,200

Michigan

18,500

15,500

15,500

18,000

Minnesota 2/

 

4,900

4,900

7,500

New York 2/

 

21,500

21,500

20,100

Oregon

19,100

18,700

18,700

17,600

Pennsylvania

10,900

10,700

10,700

9,800

Wisconsin

74,000

82,300

80,700

78,200

         

Other States 3/ 4/

68,270

35,170

33,200

23,400

         

United States

209,470

206,770

203,200

200,000

         

Canning

132,300

132,630

129,810

137,300

Freezing

77,170

74,140

73,390

62,700

         

   Sweet Corn

       

Maryland 2/

6,300

6,900

6,900

 

Minnesota

122,100

127,900

127,900

136,100

Oregon

21,900

18,700

18,700

24,900

Washington

84,500

68,900

68,900

84,600

Wisconsin

87,600

88,900

88,900

81,300

         

Other States 3/

57,700

59,450

52,500

66,950

         

United States

380,100

370,750

363,800

393,850

         

Canning

180,000

182,200

177,800

195,000

Freezing

200,100

188,550

186,000

198,850

         

Green Peas

       

Delaware

5,500

5,600

5,600

5,600

Minnesota

75,300

74,800

74,800

76,700

Oregon

17,600

18,700

18,700

17,100

Washington

38,900

41,900

41,900

45,400

Wisconsin

38,500

40,700

40,700

41,300

         

Other States 3/

32,500

34,400

34,400

30,200

         

United States

208,300

216,100

216,100

216,300

         

Canning

80,800

77,500

77,500

85,950

Freezing

127,500

138,600

138,600

130,350

   

1/  Includes acreage from major brokers.
2
/  Missing data not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
3
/  2007 - CA, DE, FL, GA, MD, MN, NJ, NY, NC, TX, and VA.
    2008 - CA, DE, FL, GA, MD, NJ, NC, TX, and VA.
    2009 - CA, DE, GA, MD, NJ, NC, TX, and VA.
4
/  Seasonal forecasts for AR and MO are not available.  Estimates to be published in the Vegetables 2009       Summary"  released in January 2010."