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FRUIT

Released August 14, 2001
Seasonal
No. 975-4-01

GRAPES

In the first forecast of the season New York grape production is expected to total 131,000 tons, down 15 percent from a year ago and 36 percent below 1999, according to the New York Agricultural Statistics Service. Dry conditions have decreased pressure from mildews and insects, but some vineyards are showing stress from the near drought conditions.

Nationally, grape production is forecast at 6.48 million tons, 15 percent below 2000. Smaller crops are forecast in California, Michigan and New York, while Washington expects a larger crop. Production of all grapes in California, the leading grape producing state, is expected to total 5.90 million tons, 16 percent below last year's crop.

TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 1999 2000 2001
  1,000 tons
New York 205.0 154.0 131.0
Arizona 21.0 20.0 18.0
California 5,542.0 7,029.0 5,900.0
Michigan 74.9 87.2 29.0
Ohio 9.2 7.7 6.5
Oregon 17.9 18.6 23.0
Pennsylvania 88.0 63.0 55.0
Washington 265.0 265.0 295.0
Other States 1/ 13.3 13.5 25.4
United States 6,236.3 7,658.0 6,482.9
1/  Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina and South Carolina.
     Beginning in 2001 includes Texas and Virginia, excludes South Carolina.

PEARS

Production prospects in New York on August 1 were for a crop of 10.0 thousand tons, down 31 percent from the production level in 2000. U.S. production is forecast at 915.5 thousand tons, 5 percent less than the 2000 production.

TOTAL PEAR PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 1999 2000 2001
  Tons
New York 12,500 14,500 10,000
Connecticut 1,050 1,250 500
Michigan 5,000 5,200 4,800
Pennsylvania 4,100 4,600 4,600
Pacific Coast States, Total 992,000 938,000 893,000
    Bartlett 587,000 518,000 473,000
    Other varieties 405,000 420,000 420,000
United States 1/ 1,015,450 967,150 915,500
1/  Includes Colorado and Utah not shown above.

PEACHES

New York's 2000 peach crop is forecast at 13.0 million pounds, up 8 percent from the 2000 total. The U.S. Freestone crop is forecast at 1.49 billion pounds, down 3 percent from the 2000 crop.

TOTAL PEACH PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 1999 2000 2001 1999 2000 2001
  Million pounds 1,000 48-pound equivalents
New York 1/ 14.0 12.0 13.0 292 250 271
Michigan 23.0 47.5 43.0 479 990 896
New Jersey 70.0 65.0 75.0 1,458 1,354 1,563
Pennsylvania 75.0 60.0 65.0 1,563 1,250 1,354
United States 2/ 1,466.6 1,535.8 1,487.3 30,554 31,996 30,985
1/  Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.
2/  National total includes amounts for other states not listed, excludes California Clingstones.

APPLES

Based on grower reports as of August 1, New York apple production is expected to total 1.05 billion pounds, up 6 percent from the 995 million pounds produced in 2000 but down 17 percent from 1999. Overall, New York apple growers are predicting an average crop. Some hail damage occurred in the Hudson Valley Memorial Day weekend and Western New York needs rain to size the fruit, but overall the crop looks good.

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States

Variety Million pounds 1,000 42-pound equivalents
1999 2000 2001 1999 2000 2001
New York 1,260.0 995.0 1,050.0 30,000 23,690 25,000
California 896.0 650.0 696.0 21,333 15,476 16,571
Michigan 1,200.0 850.0 970.0 28,571 20,238 23,095
New England 264.1 187.3 169.3 6,288 4,460 4,031
Ohio 100.0 103.0 102.0 2,381 2,452 2,429
Pennsylvania 505.0 475.0 445.0 12,024 11,310 10,595
Virginia 360.0 350.0 340.0 8,571 8,333 8,095
Washington 5,000.0 5,900.0 4,900.0 119,048 140,476 116,667
United States 10,630.7 10,648.7 9,615.4 253,112 253,540 228,938