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FRUIT
 

Released August 13, 2002
Seasonal
No. 975-4-02

GRAPES

Grape production in New York is expected to total 135 thousand tons, according to grower's reports. This represents a 9 percent decrease from a year ago, and a 12 percent decrease from the 2000 production level. Unseasonably warm temperatures in mid-April followed by a series of freezes resulted in damage in most of the major growing areas. The Chautauqua-Erie grape belt, a major Concord grape producing area, experienced significant frost damage. In the Finger Lakes, damage to the crop appears to be highly variable depending on location. Grape development on Long Island appears to be normal with minimal disease and insect pressure.

Nationally, grape production is forecast at 7.10 million tons, up 8 percent from 2001 but 8 percent below 2000. California leads the U.S. in grape production with 92 percent of the total. Washington and New York are the next largest producing States, with 4 and 2 percent, respectively. California's all grape forecast, at 6.52 million tons, is 9 percent above 2001 while Washington expects to harvest 315 thousand tons, up 11 percent from a year ago.

TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 2000 2001 2002
  1,000 tons
New York 154.0 149.0 135.0
Arizona 20.0 15.5 8.4
California 7,059.0 5,962.0 6,520.0
Michigan 87.2 28.9 20.0
Ohio 7.7 6.0 5.0
Oregon 18.6 22.8 23.3
Pennsylvania 63.0 61.5 45.0
Washington 265.0 283.0 315.0
Other States 1/ 13.5 23.8 25.6
United States 7,688.0 6,552.5 7,097.3
1/  Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina and South Carolina.
     Beginning in 2001 includes Texas and Virginia, excludes South Carolina.

PEARS

Production prospects in New York on August 1 were for a crop of 10.0 thousand tons, down 9 percent from the production level in 2001. U.S. production is forecast at 944.6 thousand tons, 6 percent less than the 2001 production.

TOTAL PEAR PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 2000 2001 2002
  Tons
New York 14,500 11,000 10,000
Connecticut 1,250 510 550
Michigan 5,200 4,600 1,000
Pennsylvania 4,600 5,500 5,300
Pacific Coast States, Total 938,000 982,000 925,000
Bartlett 518,000 546,000 510,000
Other varieties 420,000 436,000 415,000
United States 1/ 967,150 1,005,810 944,550
1/  Includes Colorado and Utah not shown above.

PEACHES

New York's 2002 peach crop is forecast at 10.0 million pounds, down 20 percent from the 2001 total. The U.S. Freestone crop is forecast at 1.48 billion pounds, down less than 1 percent from the 2001 crop.

TOTAL PEACH PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 2000 2001 2002 2000 2001 2002
  Million pounds 1,000 48-pound equivalents
New York 1/ 12.0 12.5 10.0 250 260 208
Michigan 47.5 42.0 13.0 990 875 271
NewJersey 65.0 75.0 65.0 1,354 1,563 1,354
Pennsylvania 60.0 75.0 60.0 1,250 1,563 1,250
United States 2/ 1,535.9 1,489.4 1,481.7 31,998 31,029 30,869
1/  Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.
2/  National total includes amounts for other states not listed, excludes California Clingstones.

APPLES

Apple production in New York is forecast at 720 million pounds based on conditions as of August 1. This is 28 percent below the 1.00 billion pounds produced last year. If realized, this would be the lowest production since 1973. An unusually warm spring promoted advanced bud development. Several frost events during late April caused significant damage to fruit crops on many farms. All of the major apple producing regions (Lake Ontario, Champlain Valley, and Hudson Valley) incurred damage, but damage in the Hudson Valley appears to be more widespread than in other regions of the State.

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States

Variety Million pounds 1,000 42-pound equivalents
2000 2001 2002 2000 2001 2002
New York 995.0 1,000.0 720.0 23,690 23,810 17,143
California 650.0 700.0 600.0 15,476 16,667 14,286
Michigan 800.0 880.0 550.0 19,048 20,952 13,095
New England 187.3 179.3 151.5 4,460 4,269 3,607
Ohio 103.0 86.0 80.0 2,452 2,048 1,905
Pennsylvania 475.0 480.0 470.0 11,310 11,429 11,190
Virginia 320.0 310.0 250.0 7,619 7,381 5,952
Washington 6,000.0 5,100.0 5,500.0 142,857 121,429 130,952
United States 10,663.7 9,629.1 9,205.6 253,898 229,264 219,181