E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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FRUIT

Released August 13, 2003

Seasonal

No. 975-4-03


www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

GRAPES

Grape production in New York is expected to total 205 thousand tons, according to the New York Agricultural Statistics Service.  This represents a 31 percent increase from a year ago, and a 38 percent increase from the 2001 production level.  New York grape production is on the rebound from the past 3 years.  This forecast ties the record high which was set in 1999. Record yields more than offset a decrease in acreage from 1999. New York growers experienced a cold, wet spring as well as a warm wet summer. Cluster counts are heavy this year. Thinning was necessary to help reach a more manageable crop. Growers are managing high disease pressure caused by wet weather.

Nationally, grape production is forecast at 7.06 million tons, down 4 percent from 2002 but 7 percent above 2001. California leads the U.S. in grape production with 89 percent of the total. Washington and New York are the next largest producing States, with 5 and 3 percent, respectively. California's all grape forecast, at 6.29 million tons, is unchanged from the July forecast but 6 percent below 2002. Washington expects to harvest 345 thousand tons, up 4 percent from a year ago.

TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 2001 2002 2003
  1,000 tons
New York 149.0 156.0 205.0
Arizona 15.5 8.4 8.5
California 5,979.0 6,721.0 6,290.0
Michigan 28.9 42.7 80.0
Ohio 6.0 5.8 7.6
Oregon 22.8 22.0 25.0
Pennsylvania 61.5 53.2 70.0
Washington 283.0 332.0 345.0
Other States 1/ 23.9 22.9 26.3
United States 6,569.6 7,364.0 7,057.4
1/  Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas, and Virginia.

PEARS

Production prospects in New York on August 1 were for a crop of 15.0 thousand tons, up 50 percent from the production level in 2002.  U.S. production is forecast at 933.3 thousand tons, up 7 percent from last year but 7 percent below 2001.

TOTAL PEAR PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State 2001 2002 2003
  Tons
New York 11,000 10,000 15,000
Connecticut 480 500 1,150
Michigan 4,600 1,400 4,800
Pennsylvania 5,500 3,800 4,100
Pacific Coast States, Total 978,000 850,000 905,000
Bartlett 546,000 448,000 470,000
Other varieties 432,000 402,000 435,000
United States 1/ 1,001,780 868,450 933,250
1/ Includes Colorado and Utah not shown above.

PEACHES

New York's 2002 peach crop is forecast at 12.5 million pounds, up 25 percent from the 2002 total. The U.S. Freestone crop is forecast at 1.47 billion pounds, up 1 percent from 2002 but 1 percent below 2001.

TOTAL PEACH PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2001

2002

2003

2001

2002

2003

  Million pounds 1,000 48-pound equivalents
New York 1/ 12.5 10.0 12.5 260 208 260
Michigan 42.0 14.0 52.0 875 292 1,083
New Jersey 75.0 62.0 75.0 1,563 1,292 1,563
Pennsylvania 75.0 60.0 70.0 1,563 1,250 1,458
United States 2/ 1,481.3 1,451.4 1,468.1 30,860 30,238 30,585

1/  Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.
2/  National total includes amounts for other states not listed, excludes     California Clingstones.


APPLES

Apple production in New York is forecast at 1.02 billion pounds based on conditions as of August 1. This is 50 percent above the 680 million pounds produced last year. Despite this year's rainy, cold spring that caused slow development, bloom and pollination were excellent in all the major apple producing regions - Lake Ontario, Champlain Valley, and Hudson Valley. Consistent wetness produced apple scab in many orchards. Also, deer damage was reported in some areas. Overall, growers reported good quality of apples and equally good sizing of the fruit in all regions and for most varieties. New York apple growers expect production to rebound after several disappointing years.

Apple production for the United States is forecast at 9.27 billion pounds, up 8 percent from last year and 2 percent below 2001. Increased production in the Eastern and Central States more than offset projected decreases in the Western States.

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION: Selected States and United States

Variety Million pounds 1,000 42-pound equivalents
2001 2002 2003 2001 2002 2003

New York

1,000.0 680.0 1,020.0 23,810 16,190 24,286

California

520.0 470.0 510.0 12,381 11,190 12,143

Michigan

930.0 500.0 970.0 22,143 11,905 23,095

New England

179.3 153.6 189.3 4,269 3,657 4,507

Ohio

86.0 70.0 86.0 2,048 1,667 2,048

Pennsylvania

480.0 370.0 440.0 11,429 8,810 10,476

Virginia

310.0 250.0 300.0 7,381 5,952 7,143

Washington

5,050.0 5,150.0 4,900.0 120,238 122,619 116,667

United States

9,428.7 8,555.6 9,266.6 224,493 203,705 220,633