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FRUIT

Released August 13, 2004

Seasonal

No. 975-4-04

GRAPES

Grape production in New York is expected to total 149 thousand tons, according to grower's reports. This represents a 25 percent decrease from a year ago, and a 5 percent decrease from the 2002 production level. Lake Erie grape growers were predicting an average crop. With ongoing wet weather, growers were hoping that August brings hot and sunny days in order to reach a profitable tonnage of grapes. Some growers have experienced Powdery Mildew in clusters due to consistent rainfall. Long Island grape production is expected to be low this year. Growers in the Finger Lakes growing region received sub-zero temperatures last winter that injured and killed a significant number of vines. Many grape growers in the Finger Lakes area were expecting to replant due to the harsh winter. Meanwhile, grape producers were doing their best to protect the vines from the unusual rainfall that occurred this spring.

Nationally, grape production is forecast at 6.36 million tons, down 3 percent from 2003 and 13 percent above 2002. California leads the U.S. in grape production with 90 percent of the total. Washington and New York are the next largest producing States, with 5 and 2 percent, respectively. California's all grape forecast, at 5.70 million tons, is unchanged from the July forecast but 2 percent below 2003. Washington expects to harvest 310 thousand tons, down 10 percent from a year ago.

TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2002

2003

2004

 

1,000 tons

New York

156.0

198.0

149.0

Arizona

8.4

8.0

4.0

California

6,696.0

5,790.0

5,700.0

Michigan

42.7

94.5

70.0

Ohio

5.8

8.1

7.1

Oregon

22.0

24.0

26.0

Pennsylvania

53.2

85.0

69.0

Washington

332.0

344.0

310.0

Other States 1/

22.8

21.1

26.3

United States

7,338.9

6,572.7

6,361.4

1/ Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas, and Virginia.

PEARS

Production prospects in New York on August 1 were for a crop of 15.5 thousand tons, unchanged from the production level in 2003. U.S. production is forecast at 908.0 thousand tons, down 2 percent from last year but 2 percent above 2002.

TOTAL PEAR PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2002

2003

2004

 

Tons

New York

10,000

15,500

15,500

Connecticut

500

1,300

1,000

Michigan

1,400

4,800

4,100

Pennsylvania

3,800

5,200

3,800

Pacific Coast States, Total

871,600

898,000

881,000

Bartlett

448,000

456,000

457,000

Other varieties

423,600

442,000

424,000

United States 1/

890,020

928,050

908,040

1/ Includes Colorado and Utah not shown above.

PEACHES

New York's 2004 peach crop is forecast at 11.0 million pounds, down 15 percent from the 2003 total. The U.S. Freestone crop is forecast at 1.45 billion pounds, down 1 percent from the July forecast but virtually unchanged from 2003.

TOTAL PEACH PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2002

2003

2004

2002

2003

2004

 

Million pounds

1,000 48-pound equivalents

New York 1/

10.0

13.0

11.0

208

271

229

Michigan

14.0

47.0

41.0

292

979

854

New Jersey

62.0

70.0

65.0

1,292

1,458

1,354

Pennsylvania

60.0

73.0

52.0

1,250

1,521

1,083

United States 2/

1,411.0

1,447.0

1,448.4

29,396

30,146

30,175

1/ Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.

2/ National total includes amounts for other states not listed, excludes California Clingstones.

APPLES

Apple production in New York is forecast at 1.05 billion pounds based on conditions as of August 1, according to USDA's New York Agricultural Statistics Service. This is 6 percent above the 990 million pounds produced last year. New York growers across the State were experiencing overall good fruit quality and good fruit set. Sunny weather during early May, when apple trees bloom, provided ideal conditions for pollination. Hailstorms across the eastern part of the state in late May hit many farms, rendering minor damage in some orchards in the Hudson Valley region. Some smaller orchards north of Albany were hit harder, therefore devastating the crop. Some growers did not expect the hail damage to significantly reduce the crop. Growers in the Lake Champlain region were highly optimistic about this year's crop despite the severe cold winter that damaged trees on many orchards. Overall, growers are expecting another good crop year.

Apple production for the United States is forecast at 9.37 billion pounds, up 9 percent from last year and 10 percent above 2002. Increased production in the Eastern and Western States more than offset projected decreases in the Central States.

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION:   Selected States and United States

Variety

Million pounds

1,000 42-pound equivalents

2002

2003

2004

2002

2003

2004

New York

680.0

990.0

1,050.0

16,190

23,571

25,000

California

470.0

450.0

440.0

11,190

10,714

10,476

Michigan

520.0

840.0

760.0

12,381

20,000

18,095

New England

153.6

178.3

172.3

3,657

4,245

4,102

Ohio

70.0

90.0

89.0

1,667

2,143

2,119

Pennsylvania

370.0

442.0

428.0

8,810

10,524

10,190

Virginia

250.0

270.0

260.0

5,952

6,429

6,190

Washington

5,100.0

4,500.0

5,200.0

121,429

107,143

123,810

United States

8,523.9

8,613.3

9,365.9

202,950

205,079

222,998