E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

FRUIT

Released October 13, 2005                                             Seasonal                                                    No. 975-5-05

                                     NEW YORK APPLE PRODUCTION DECREASES

Based on conditions as of October 1, apple production in New York is forecast at 1.06 billion pounds, down 17 percent from the August forecast and 8 percent below the 2004 crop of 1.28 billion pounds. Across the state overall, the production harvested has decreased from the August 1st estimate, due mainly to the lack of rain and then hot conditions.  The statewide spring frost which occurred May 13th, appeared to cause damage to some apple varieties.  In most apple regions, there is a decrease in quantity and apple sizes are small.

In the Lake Ontario fruit region, growers reported quality of the apples to be around average to slightly below average.  Quantity was also reported to be down.  Apple sizes are small, due to winter injury, lack of rain, and hot conditions.  Some reports of high winds, poor pollination, and bad coloring made it a tough year for apple production and were factors in lower yields.  Currently more rain is needed.

In the Hudson Valley fruit region, some growers reported evident damage from the frost in May and there were also increased reports of heavy winds and some hail damage.   Fruit size is down due to the hot conditions and lack of rain.  Many apples are on the ground due to the high winds.

Growers in the Lake Champlain fruit region reported apples to be growing well, but small in size.  Production will be low due to below average pollination and heavy wind damage.

U.S. apple production for the 2005 crop year is forecast at 9.38 billion pounds, down 5 percent from the August 1 forecast and 10 percent below 2004.   

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States

State

Production

Million pounds

1,000 42-pound equivalents

2003

2004

 2005

2003

2004

 2005

   

New York

1,070.0

1,280.0

1,060.0

25,476

30,476

25,238

California 1/

450.0

390.0

410.0

10,714

9,286

9,762

Michigan

890.0

760.0

700.0

21,190

18,095

16,666

New England 1/ 2/

178.3

186.7

156.8

4,245

4,445

3,733

Ohio 1/

90.0

90.0

88.0

2,143

2,143

2,095

Pennsylvania

442.0

405.0

420.0

10,524

9,643

10,000

Virginia

270.0

300.0

300.0

6,429

7,143

7,143

Washington

4,550.0

6,050.0

5,400.0

108,333

144,048

128,571

             

United States 3/

8,793.1

10,419.9

9,379.1

209,359

248,093

223,312

             

1/  Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.
2/  Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont.
3/  National total includes amounts for other states not listed.

NEW YORK GRAPE PRODUCTION DECREASES

Based on conditions as of October 1, the 2005 New York all grape crop is forecast at 158 thousand tons, down 1 percent  from the August forecast but up 11 percent from last year=s production of 142 thousand  tons.  Overall, while berry sizes are average to small, the quality and sweetness of the grapes remain high.

Many growers in the Lake Erie region reported an average crop.  Grape harvest has gone fairly smooth so far with yields being slightly higher than growers first expected.  The warm temperatures have kept vines actively photosynthesizing and the sugar Brix continues to accumulate faster than normal.  Average berry weights continued to increase.

Growers in the Finger Lakes region also reported a dry season, but then received some rainfall which aided in maintaining increased sugar Brix in the grapes and maturing ahead of schedule.  However, because of the dry conditions earlier in the season, some vines still appeared heat stressed in vineyards.  The lack of enough rain also continued to keep the size of the grapes small, therefore, decreased tonnage for some growers.  Long Island grape production has reported a dry, but average season, so far.

U.S. grape production is forecast at 7.07 million tons, up 4 percent from the August 1 forecast and 13 percent above 2004.

                      TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States

State

Production

2003

2004

2005

 

Tons

       

New York

198,000

142,000

158,000

Arizona 1/

8,000

4,000

1,000

California 1/

5,861,000

5,615,000

6,240,000

Michigan

94,500

62,500

99,000

Ohio 1/

8,100

4,800

7,400

Oregon 1/

24,000

24,000

23,000

Pennsylvania

85,000

86,800

85,000

Washington

344,000

267,000

430,000

Other States 1/ 2/

20,930

25,600

27,500

       

United States

6,643,530

6,231,700

7,070,900

       

1/  Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.

2/  Includes Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia.