E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

FRUIT TREE AND VINEYARD RELEASE

August 2007

This publication contains selected results from the Fruit Tree and Vineyard Survey of the New York fruit industry in five years.

NEW YORK'S TOTAL FRUIT ACREAGE DECREASES

New York’s fruit tree and grapes totaled 81,662 acres during 2006, according to Stephen Ropel, Director of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Field Office.  This is 3 percent less than the total fruit acres recorded from the 2001 survey.  Apricots, nectarines, and plums are also included in the total acreage for the first time in 2006. 

Apples, peaches, pears, tart cherries and sweet cherries all showed decreases in acreage since 2001, while grapes posted an increase.  Tart cherries showed the greatest decline with acreage down 35 percent and trees down 34 percent.  Apple acreage decreased 5 percent while the total number of trees increased 25 percent.  The increasing trees reflect the continued trend of higher density planting methods.  Grape acreage increased 2 percent.

These results are from New York’s 2006 Fruit Tree and Vineyard survey which was last conducted 5 years ago in 2001.  The survey was a cooperative effort supported by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets and fruit industry specialists.

Additional details from the survey, including tree plantings, fruit varieties by regions and counties, and acreage details, will be released later.  This report will be available on our website or by free email subscription by subscribing to New York reports at www.nass.usda.gov/ny.

For complete results of the Fruit Tree and Vineyard Survey, including additional details of the fruit inventory please see the fruit releases at our website www.nass.usda.gov/ny or call our office at 518-457-5570.  Results from prior surveys conducted in 1962, through 2006 are also available.

TREE FRUITS AND VINEYARDS
Number of farms, trees, and acres, by kind of fruit, 1962-2006


Fruit and Year

Number
of Farms

Number
of Trees

Number
of Acres

Fruit and Year

Number
of Farms

Number
of Trees

Number
of Acres

   

APPLES 

SWEET  CHERRIES

1962

2,072

2,691,660

76,066

1962

908

138,888

2,571

1966

1,741

2,886,752

74,376

1966

801

149,240

2,663

1970

1,288

3,255,888

72,569

1970

553

132,049

2,038

1975

1,218

3,554,996

66,742

1975

441

103,203

1,749

1980

1,183

4,554,483

74,346

1980

394

87,875

1,665

1985

1,043

5,052,307

68,520

1985

257

66,695

1,073

1990

801

5,484,346

56,101

1990

183

40,600

743

1996

679

7,444,164

51,097

1996

128

62,997

768

2001

695

7,544,740

44,563

2001

185

86,418

783

2006

697

9,464,203

42,360

2006

194

73,344

689

   

PEACHES

GRAPES

1962

935

411,671

4,775

1962

N/A

-

N/A

1966

722

342,400

3,777

1966

2,176

-

33,211

1970

454

217,376

2,462

1970

2,058

-

36,879

1975

405

207,692

2,275

1975

2,153

-

42,553

1980

471

240,748

2,725

1980

1,968

-

41,979

1985

377

249,558

2,260

1985

1,524

-

38,226

1990

306

195,434

1,757

1990

1,095

-

32,846

1996

207

183,962

1,611

1996

990

-

31,401

2001

255

239,758

1,795

2001

962

-

32,994

2006

266

227,264

1,702

2006

1,005

-

33,692

   

APRICOTS

NECTARINES

         2006                     56                 14,089               80

         2006                      49                 7,951               48

 

PLUMS

 

         2006                    128               23,615             185

   

PEARS

TOTAL FRUIT 1/

1962

1,012

403,811

4,716

1962

N/A

-

N/A

1966

987

511,534

5,593

1966

N/A

-

128,974

1970

734

456,822

5,044

1970

3,245

-

126,579

1975

620

392,285

4,282

1975

3,244

-

124,091

1980

549

338,419

3,946

1980

3,024

-

132,184

1985

447

312,425

2,868

1985

2,754

-

120,113

1990

329

280,426

2,406

1990

2,148

-

98,246

1996

209

214,866

1,951

1996

1,744

-

89,436

2001

239

200,765

1,441

2001

1,690

-

84,160

2006

255

150,835

1,218

2006

1,613

-

81,662

TART  CHERRIES

apples

1962

1,277

758,150

8,754

1966

923

625,658

7,056

1970

585

542,530

5,985

1975

441

443,994

4,942

1980

421

552,366

6,247

1985

347

668,156

6,339

1990

218

392,948

3,831

1996

130

270,475

2,608

2001

126

264,435

2,584

2006

141

175,412

1,688

 

N/A – Not Available

1/  1962-1990 including plums and prunes.  2006 including apricots, nectarines, and plums.

ALL FRUIT

Acres by kind and county, 2006 1\

County

Apples

Grapes

Peaches

Pears

Tart

Sweet

Apricots

Nectarines

Plums

         

Cherries

Cherries

     

Albany

130

-

-

1/

-

1/

-

-

1/

Broome

49

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

-

1/

Cattaraugus

42

532

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

-

1/

Cayuga

113

35

1/

1/

-

-

1/

-

-

Chautauqua

125

18,065

38

1/

15

52

1/

1/

1/

Chemung

71

-

-

1/

-

-

-

-

-

Clinton

3,151

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Columbia

2,018

85

95

126

19

60

1/

1/

23

Dutchess

262

59

38

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Erie

34

1,620

-

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Essex

1/

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Greene

55

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Livingston

87

32

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Monroe

934

149

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Nassau

1/

25

1/

-

-

-

-

-

-

Niagara

2,985

1,127

453

284

1/

139

15

13

40

Oneida

1/

-

1/

1/

-

-

-

-

-

Onondaga

592

34

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

-

Ontario

479

418

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Orange

1,030

28

19

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Orleans

4,415

38

128

58

201

47

1/

1/

1/

Oswego

430

-

1/

56

1/

12

1/

1/

1/

Rensselaer

193

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

1/

-

Saratoga

427

1/

11

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

1/

Schoharie

130

-

-

1/

1/

1/

-

-

1/

Schuyler

13

987

14

1/

1/

21

1/

-

1/

Seneca

1/

1,351

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

1/

Steuben

1/

1,545

1/

1/

-

-

-

-

1/

Suffolk

190

2,428

123

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Tompkins

90

13

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

Ulster

4,915

128

111

259

1/

22

1/

1/

26

Washington

213

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

1/

Wayne

17,857

19

375

259

835

237

1/

1/

29

Wyoming

42

1/

1/

1/

1/

1/

-

-

-

Yates

311

4,872

27

1/

1/

10

1/

1/

1/

Other

977

102

270

176

618

89

65

35

67

                   

TOTAL 2\

42,360

33,692

1,702

1,218

1,688

689

80

48

185

                   

1\ Not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations. Included in other.

2\ May not add due to rounding, and unpublished counties.

Apples

New York’s fruit tree survey indicates the State’s apple acreage decreased 5 percent since 2001.  Wayne County, with 17,857 acres, remained the major producing county accounting for 42 percent of the state’s apple acreage.  Ulster County continued in second position with 4,915 acres or 12 percent of the total acreage.  Orleans County retained third place with 4,415 acres, 10 percent of the total acreage.  Clinton County ranked fourth with 3,151 acres while Niagara County held onto fifth position with 2,985 acres.  Columbia County ranked sixth with 2,018 acres.  These top six counties comprised 35,341 acres, 83 percent of New York’s apple acreage.

Apple Grape County Map

Grapes

New York’s 2006 vineyard survey indicates the State’s grape acreage increased since 2001.  The state acreage at the end of 2006 totaled 33,692, up 2 percent from the 2001 survey total of 32,944, and up 7 percent from 1996.  Chautauqua County, with 18,065 acres, remained the major producing county accounting for 54 percent of the state’s grape acreage.  Yates County ranked in second position with 4,872 acres or 14 percent of the total acreage.  Suffolk County placed third with 2,428 acres, 7 percent of the total acreage.  Erie County ranked fourth with 1,620 acres while Steuben County ranked fifth with 1,545 acres.  These top five counties comprised 28,530 acres, 85 percent of New York’s grape acreage.