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FRUIT REPORT
August 2008

Released August 12, 2008
Seasonal
No. 975-4-08

 GRAPES

Grape production in New York is expected to total 165 thousand tons, according to growers' reports.  This represents an 8 percent decrease from a year ago.  Grape growers in Erie County experienced hard frosts in April and May.  Many growers will have a reduced crop due to the frost, while some growers are reporting a total loss.  A few growers also experienced hail and lots of rain.  The Chautauqua region encountered some early frost and hail damage, but not as severe as Erie County.  Some growers are still feeling the effects of last year’s dry conditions.  Many growers reported good weather conditions and adequate rainfall.  Some growers are concerned there has been too much rain.  The wet conditions have increased mildew growth, but growers are keeping it under control with fungicide sprays.  Beetles have been reported as a problem in a few vineyards.  Growers in the Finger Lakes region were also hit with frost and hail.  A mid-July hail storm caused significant damage around Keuka Lake.  Minor insect problems have been reported in this region.  Growers not hit by hail are reporting a good fruit set and a rapid growing season.  Long Island grape production is indicated to be above average for the August forecast.  A couple producers had spotty frost, but overall, growers reported very good conditions with healthy looking grapes. 

U.S. grape production is forecast at 7.20 million tons, up 3 percent from 2007 and 13 percent above the 2006 season. California leads the U.S. in grape production with 89 percent of the total. Washington and New York are the next largest producing States, with 5 percent and 2 percent, respectively. California’s all grape forecast, at 6.40 million tons, is up 6 percent from the July forecast and 3 percent above 2007. Washington growers expect to harvest 375,000 tons, virtually unchanged from a year ago.

 
TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2006

2007

2008

 

1,000 tons

       

New York

   155.0

   180.0

   165.0

Arizona

         .9

       1.1

         .9

California

5,726.0

6,211.0

6,400.0

Michigan

     32.5

   100.1

     78.0

Ohio

       3.1

       7.6

      8.5

Oregon

     34.4

     38.6

    37.0

Pennsylvania

     82.0

     84.0

     95.0

Washington

   316.0

   376.0

   375.0

Other States 1/

     25.8

     24.0

     38.7

United States

6,377.2

7,018.0

7,195.1

       

1/  Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas, and Virginia.



PEARS

Production prospects in New York on August 1 were for a crop of 9.70 thousand tons, down 12 percent from the production level in 2007.  U.S. production is forecast at 822 thousand tons, down 6 percent from last year and 2 percent below 2006.
 

TOTAL PEAR PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2006

2007

   2008

 

Tons

       

New York

  16,000

  11,000

    9,700

Connecticut

    1,000

    1,000

       900

Michigan

    3,600

    4,000

    3,750

Pennsylvania

    3,900

    4,000

    3,600

       

Bartlett

427,000

423,000

408,000

Other varieties

388,000

428,000

394.000

United States 1/

842,035

872,950

821,750

       

1/  Includes states not shown above.


PEACHES

New York's 2008 peach crop is forecast at 5,700 tons, down 10 percent from the 2007 total.  The  August 2008 forecast of U.S. peach production is 1.09 million tons, down less than 1 percent from the July 1 forecast and 3 percent below 2007.

TOTAL PEACH PRODUCTION, SELECTED STATES

State

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

 

Tons

1,000 48-pound equivalents

             

New York 1/

       7,000

       6,300

       5,700

     292

     263

     238

Michigan

     18,900

     20,500

     14,000

     788

     854

     583

New Jersey

     34,000

     32,000

     34,000

  1,417

  1,333

  1,417

Pennsylvania

     21,600

     19,400

     24,700

     900

     808

  1,029

United States 2/

1,010,120

1,128,740

1,093,850

42,088

47,031

45,577

             

1/  Estimates for current year carried forward from July 1.
2/  National total includes amounts for other states not listed.

                                                                              
 
APPLES

Total apple production in New York is forecast at 1.15 billion pounds based on conditions as of August 1, according to Stephen Ropel, Director of the USDA’S National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Field Office.  This is 12 percent below the 1.31 billion pounds produced last year.  Across the state, growers were expecting an average to below average fruit crop due to this year’s weather conditions.  A hail storm on June 16th caused widespread damage from Lake Ontario to the Hudson Valley.  While the hail has reduced the quality of the crop, and some fruit will now be left on the trees, total production shows a crop in line with the 5-year average.

In the Lake Ontario fruit region, very few growers were spared from hail storms.  Wayne County was especially hard hit.  Much of the fresh fruit crop is now only acceptable in the processing market.  A few growers indicated that frost early in the season also reduced the crop.  In the Hudson Valley fruit region, reports indicate a good crop size, but a large percentage of the crop has been damaged by hail.  The quality is low, and many growers are hoping to sell their apples for processing.  Frost was an issue for some growers early in the season.   Growers in the Lake Champlain fruit region also reported hail storms.

The first U.S. apple production forecast for the 2008 crop year is 9.17 billion pounds, slightly more than the 2007 crop and 7 percent below 2006.  Multiple spring freezes and summer hailstorms damaged orchards across the nation, however, trees in most areas of the U.S. experienced a recovery from the devastating growing weather in 2007.

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States

Variety

Million pounds

1,000 42-pound equivalents

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

             

New York

1,260.0

1,310.0

1,150.0

30,000

31,190

27,381

California

355.0

345.0

320.0

8,452

8,214

7,619

Michigan

880.0

770.0

540.0

20,952

18,333

12,857

New England

139.5

176.6

173.4

3,321

4,205

4,129

Ohio

102.0

55.6

95.0

2,429

1,851

2,262

Pennsylvania

470.0

470.0

400.0

11,190

11,190

9,524

Virginia

220.0

215.0

230.0

5,238

5,119

5,476

Washington

5,550.0

5,200.0

5,400.0

132,143

123,810

128,571

             

United States 1/

9,871.7

9,113.9

9,165.2

235,040

216,998

218,219

             

1/  National total includes amounts for other states not listed. 

S.C. Ropel, B.L. Smith, M.N. Reuber, Statisticians