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FRUIT REPORT
October 2008

Released October 10, 2008
Seasonal
No. 975-5-08

 NEW YORK APPLE PRODUCTION INCREASES

Based on conditions as of October 1, apple production in New York is forecast at 1.20 billion pounds, up 4 percent from the August forecast but down 8 percent from the 2007 crop of 1.31 billion pounds.  On October 5, apple harvest was 61 percent completed, in line with the average of 60 percent.  Across the state, production increased from the August 1st estimate, due to better than expected production following the destructive June hail storms. Apples not affected by hail had good quality, size, and color.

In the Lake Ontario fruit region, most growers faced a difficult year with numerous reports of hail damage.  The apples had good color and size, but poor quality.  This will send many apples to the processing market.  Growers not hit by hail had excellent growing conditions and great quality.

 

In the Hudson Valley fruit region, growers reported poor quality and quantity due to hail and frost.  The few growers not affected by hail had apples of excellent quality and size. The recent cool weather also helped produce above average color.  Growers in the Lake Champlain fruit region reported that harvest was progressing well and apples had good size.  Some growers were hurt by freeze and hail and would be allocating more apples to processing.

U.S. apple production for the 2008 crop year is forecast at 9.24 billion pounds, up slightly from the August 1 forecast and up 1 percent from 2007. 

TOTAL APPLE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States 4/

State

Production

Million pounds

1,000 42-pound equivalents

2006

2007

 2008

2006

2007

 2008

   

New York

1,260.0

1,310.0

1,200.0

30,000

31,190

28,571

California 1/

355.0

345.0

320.0

8,452

8,214

7,619

Michigan

880.0

770.0

530.0

20,952

18,333

12,619

New England 1/ 2/

139.5

176.6

173.4

3,321

4,205

4,129

Ohio 1/

102.0

55.6

95.0

2,429

1,851

2,262

Pennsylvania

470.0

470.0

440.0

11,190

11,190

10,476

Virginia

220.0

215.0

230.0

5,238

5,119

5,476

Washington

5,550.0

5,200.0

5,400.0

132,143

123,810

128,571

             

United States 3/

9,871.7

9,113.9

9,242.2

235,040

216,998

220,052

             

1/             Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.

2/             Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont.

3/             National total includes amounts for other states not listed.

4/   In orchards of 100 or more bearing age trees.


NEW YORK GRAPE PRODUCTION REMAINS UNCHANGED

Based on conditions as of October 1, the 2008 New York grape crop is forecast at 165 thousand tons, unchanged from the August forecast but down 8 percent from last year’s production of 180 thousand tons. On October 5, grape harvest was 69 percent completed compared to the average of 48 percent.  Growers continue to look for favorable weather in hopes of increasing sugar content.

In the Lake Erie fruit region, spring frost damaged many acres of grapes.  A couple reports of hail and disease also contributed to lower production this year.  A larger than expected crop, cool growing season, and wet weather have combined to cause concern among growers in Chautauqua County about late ripening grapes.  The grapes were struggling to reach minimum sugar levels, and growers hope there is not an early frost this year before the grapes are harvested.   

 

The Finger Lakes region experienced sunny weather, warm days, and cool nights, which have combined to make a great harvesting season.  Earlier hail damage hurt production for some growers, but grapes not affected by the hail are of good quality. 

Long Island growers received a lot of rain this year.  This has resulted in disease, hail damage, and low yields.  Grapes not affected by the rain were of good quality and clean.

U.S. grape production is forecast at 7.21 million tons, virtually unchanged from the August 1 forecast but up 3 percent from 2007.

TOTAL GRAPE PRODUCTION:  Selected States and United States

State

Production

2006

2007

2008

 

Tons

       

New York

155,000

180,000

165,000

Arizona 1/

900

1,100

900

California

5,726,000

6,211,000

6,430,000

Michigan

32,500

100,100

71,000

Ohio 1/

3,100

7,600

8,500

Oregon 1/

34,400

38,600

37,000

Pennsylvania

82,000

84,000

93,000

Washington

316,000

376,000

365,000

Other States 1/ 2/

27,250

19,600

35,700

       

United States

6,377,150

7,018,000

7,206,100

       

1/         Estimates for current year carried forward from earlier forecast.

2/           Includes Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia.