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EQUINE


Released: June 2001

LIGHT BREED HORSES DOMINATE NEW YORK'S
EQUINE INDUSTRY

The inventory of light breed horses in New York State totaled 100,500 head on September 1, 2000, according to the New York Agricultural Statistics Service. This number, which accounted for 60 percent of the 168,000 total equine in the State, was down 5 percent from the 1988 light breed total of 105,800 head. Among the light breeds, Warmbloods, Quarter horses, and Pintos or Paints posted strong increases, while Arabians, Appaloosas, and crossbreeds showed strong declines.

The biggest changes in equine numbers were in draft horse breeds and ponies. The number of draft horses, at 11,500 head, was up 60 percent from 1988. Sizeable increases in the number of Belgians and Percherons led the way for this upswing. Ponies, however, lost the most ground in the equine industry. The number of ponies was down 32 percent from 1988 to 11,500 head.

Race horse breeds have shown a marked shift since 1988. The number of Thoroughbreds remained the same, but the number of Standardbreds fell 41 percent to 11,500 head. Standardbreds comprised 39 percent of race horse breeds in 1988, but 27 percent on September 1, 2000.

Most breeds have increased in average value since 1988, with the largest increases in the value of Thoroughbreds and ponies.

These results are from the first comprehensive survey of New York's equine industry in 12 years. The survey is the result of a cooperative effort supported by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, and the equine industry.

EQUINE INVENTORY AND VALUE BY BREED,
New York, 1988 and 2000

Breeds Number Value Average Value 1/
1988 2000 1988 2000 1988 2000
Head
Thousand dollars
Dollars
Light Breeds 105,800 100,500 306,875 497,520 2,900 4,950
    Quarter Horse 21,500 29,600 47,290 115,440 2,200 3,900
    Saddlebred 2,200 2,500 9,240 15,750 4,200 6,300
    Appaloosa 12,400 8,500 19,835 19,550 1,600 2,300
    Arabian 12,750 9,200 80,320 44,160 6,300 4,800
    Half Arabian 4,650 3,600 11,160 10,800 2,400 3,000
    Morgan 8,000 9,000 33,600 38,700 4,200 4,300
    Palomino 1,100 1,600 1,650 4,960 1,500 3,100
    Pinto or Paint 4,350 6,800 7,830 21,760 1,800 3,200
    Warmblood 1,550 6,700 30,225 134,000 19,500 20,000
    Crossbreds 25,800 11,000 33,530 26,400 1,300 2,400
    Other Light 11,500 12,000 32,195 66,000 2,800 5,500
Race Horse Breeds 50,000 42,000 561,000 1,142,500 11,220 27,200
    Standardbred 19,500 11,500 195,000 120,750 10,000 10,500
    Thoroughbred 30,500 30,500 366,000 1,021,750 12,000 33,500
Draft Breeds 7,200 11,500 12,700 29,380 1,765 2,550
    Belgian 4,200 6,100 6,300 13,420 1,500 2,200
    Percheron 1,400 3,200 2,240 8,320 1,600 2,600
    Clydesdale NA 700 NA 2,240 NA 3,200
    Other 1,600 1,500 4,160 5,400 2,600 3,600
Ponies 17,000 11,500 12,750 29,900 750 2,600
    Welsh NA 2,700 NA 9,450 NA 3,500
    Shetland NA 2,100 NA 2,520 NA 1,200
    Connemara NA 500 NA 3,050 NA 6,100
    Other NA 6,200 NA 14,880 NA 2,400
Donkeys & Mules 2,000 2,500 900 2,500 450 1,000
TOTAL EQUINE 182,000 168,000 894,225 1,701,800 4,913 10,130
1/ Breed categories rounded.
NA - Not available.