E-mail:
nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

 

EQUINE SURVEY

This publication contains selected results from the first comprehensive survey
of the New York equine industry in five years
.

EQUINE BY PRIMARY USE

Fifty-four percent of equine in New York were kept primarily for pleasure use, up from 39 percent in 2000.  Breeding horses totaled 26,900, down slightly from 2000.  A total of 14,500 equine were used primarily for racing, with Thoroughbreds accounting for 63 percent and Standardbreds accounting for 37 percent.  Fourteen percent of equine in New York were used for competition, totaling 27,000 head.  The category of lesson horses was added for the 2005 survey and totaled 11,100 head of horses.  The remainder of New York’s horses were used for specialty use (riding camps, carriage rides, etc.) or “Other” uses, such as farm work.

EQUINE BY PRIMARY USE AND DISTRICT, NEW YORK, 2005

District

Total Equine

Breeding

Lessons

Racing

Competition

Pleasure

Specialty

All Other

                 

Northern

     7,400

    900

     400

      100

    600

  4,500

       -

     900

Northeast

     6,400

    900

     200

      400

  1,000

  3,300

       -

     600

Western

  37,900

  4,300

  1,900

   3,800

  7,100

15,000

   800

  5,000

Central

  32,300

  4,800

  1,600

   1,600

  4,700

13,600

   700

  5,300

Eastern

  29,100

  4,100

  1,000

   2,000

  3,400

15,400

       -

  3,200

Southwest

  14,700

  2,500

     600

      300

  1,000

  7,900

   300

  2,100

Southern

  11,400

  1,900

     700

      200

  1,100

  5,700

   400

  1,400

Southeast

  42,500

  6,000

  3,000

   3,400

  5,900

16,000

2,000

  6,200

Long Island and NYC

  15,300

  1,500

  1,700

   2,700

  2,200

  5,600

   500

  1,100

   

STATE

197,000

26,900

11,100

14,500

27,000

87,000

4,700

25,800







 

EQUINE OPERATIONS

Equine operations in New York State increased 10 percent to 33,000 total operations.  The largest growth was seen in non-commercial/non-farm operations increasing to 19,100 operations up 31 percent from 2000.

EQUINE OPERATIONS BY TYPE AND DISTRICT, NEW YORK, 2005

 Discipline

Total Operations

Primary Type

Commercial Boarding & Training

Commercial Breeding

Crop/Livestock Farm

Non-commercial/
Non-farm

Other 1/

             

Northern

1,700

100

2/

650

800

2/

Northeast

1,300

150

2/

250

800

2/

Western

8,000

1,200

450

1,400

4,750

200

Central

6,000

700

400

1,200

3,500

200

Eastern

3,400

500

300

500

2,000

100

Southwest

3,400

400

200

900

1,800

100

Southern

1,800

300

200

2/

900

2/

Southeast

5,600

1,050

500

650

3,200

200

Long Island and NYC

1,800

300

2/

2/

1,350

2/

             

STATE

33,000

4,700

2,300

6,000

19,100

900

             

1/  Includes race tracks, fairgrounds, and other public facilities or institutions
2
/  Less than 100 operations or hidden for disclosure reasons

ASSETS

The 2005 Equine Survey indicated total equine-related assets of $10.4 billion on December 31, 2005.  This was a 69 percent increase over the 2000 survey.  Land, fences, and buildings accounted for $7.08 billion, while equine on hand accounted for $1.83 billion.

VALUE OF EQUINE RELATED ASSETS BY DISTRICT, BY DISTRICT, NEW YORK, 2005

District

Total Equine Related Assets

Value
of Equine
On Hand

Total Value
of Equine Related Land, Fencing and Buildings

Vehicles and Equipment

Tack, Equipment
and
Clothing

Equine
Feed and Supplies
on Hand

Total

Horse Trailers and Vans

 

Thousand Dollars

               

Northern

     121,280

     20,290

     57,880

     35,450

    8,230

    5,330

  2,330

Northeast

     259,020

     30,540

   172,940

     45,170

  10,870

    8,810

  1,560

Western

  1,437,520

   162,620

   940,450

   256,620

  60,780

  59,810

18,020

Central

     857,780

   163,690

   478,560

   169,730

  39,410

  34,500

11,300

Eastern

  1,173,850

   416,340

   630,770

     99,640

  26,340

  18,990

  8,110

Southwest

     318,940

     37,780

   174,530

     85,230

  20,650

  13,470

  7,930

Southern

     243,970

     52,970

   136,210

     44,400

    6,810

    6,990

  3,400

Southeast

  3,439,020

   500,120

2,605,060

   243,390

  51,320

  75,260

15,190

Long Island and NYC

   2,510,180

   446,690

1,888,430

   125,660

  48,140

  45,020

  4,380

               

STATE

10,361,560

1,831,040

7,084,830

1,105,290

272,550

268,180

72,220

               

EXPENDITURES

New York equine owners spent a total of $2.06 billion during 2005 for operating and capital expenses, an increase of nearly three times above the 2000 total of $704 million.  Of this $2.06 billion, about $1.10 billion was for operating expenses, which includes items such as boarding, training, feed, and hired labor.  Capital expenditures totaled $958 million, up from $181 million in 2000.  The increase in capital expenditures was mostly from purchased real estate and improvements, totaling $490 million. 

EQUINE RELATED EXPENDITURES, NEW YORK, 2000 AND 2005

Expense Category

Total Expenditures

Average per Equine

2000

 2005

Percent Spent
in New York

2000

 2005

 

Thousand Dollars

Percent

Dollars

           

Operating Expenses

522,860

1,101,940

91

3,112

5,594

Boarding

54,800

155,920

95

326

791

Training

2/

57,330

90

2/

291

Breeding Fees and Related Expenses

22,000

28,310

71

131

144

Farrier

23,400

52,160

95

139

265

Veterinary and Health Expenses

32,590

74,000

87

194

376

Shipping and Travel

14,810

31,010

82

88

157

Purchased Bedding

18,750

32,300

90

112

164

Value of Home-grown Bedding

NA

2,330

NA

NA

12

Purchased Grain

24,920

47,360

97

148

240

Value of Home-grown Grain

NA

1,490

NA

NA

8

Mixed or Formula Feeds

16,700

15,630

85

99

79

Medicine

3/

14,870

87

3/

75

Supplies

11,050

25,400

90

66

129

Manure Disposal

NA

6,350

93

NA

32

Fees and Payments

12,780

29,520

82

76

150

Advertising and Marketing

4/

7,440

85

4/

38

Contract Services

4/

8,120

96

4/

41

Maintenance and Repair

37,190

69,910

85

221

355

Utilities and Fuels

22,930

35,140

95

137

178

Insurance Premiums

20,290

30,780

82

121

156

Rent/Lease Expenses

10,920

34,150

88

65

173

Miscellaneous

6,410

NA

NA

38

NA

Property Taxes

37,910

82,580

97

226

419

Interest

7,970

39,190

98

47

199

Labor

88,320

168,810

NA

526

857

           

Capital Expenditures

180,790

958,130

86

1,076

 

Purchases of Equine

49,460

254,000

69

294

 

Purchases of Equipment

68,320

213,690

90

407

 

Purchases of Land and Capital Improvements

63,010

490,440

92

375

 

TOTAL

703,650

2,060,070

88

4,188

 
           

1/  2005 labor expenses are not included in Percent Spent in New York column.
2
/  Training included with Boarding in 2000.
3
/  Medicine included with Health in 2000.
4
/  Advertising and Marketing and Contract Services included in Miscellaneous in 2000.


REVENUES

For the first time, equine operators were asked about the revenues generated from their equine operation.   Total revenues generated from New York equine owners were $445 million, of which $158 million came from providing equine services, such as boarding. 

EQUINE RELATED REVENUES, NEW YORK, 2005

Equine Activities Generating Revenue

Gross Receipts

 

Thousand Dollars

   

SALES

117,830

 Horse  Sales

  95,140

 Equipment Sales/Rental/Lease

  13,000

 Feed Sales

    9,600

 Manure Sales

         90

   

TRAINING

  75,310

 Riding Lessons/Clinics

  39,330

 Training/Conditioning  

  33,100

 Therapeutic Riding  

    2,880

   

BREEDING

  32,810

 Mare Care

  22,900

 Stud Fees

    9,910

   

SERVICES

158,390

 Boarding

139,420

 Sales Preparation

    1,770

 Trail Riding/Recreational Services

  16,220

 Equine Judging

       510

 Guest Farm/Bed and Breakfast/Tourism

       470

   

WINNINGS

  60,790

 Horse Shows/Competitions

    5,990

 Rodeo Winnings

       680

 Racing Purses

  54,120

   

TOTAL

445,130

   

For complete results of the Equine Survey, including additional details of equine inventory and value by breed please see the equine report at our website www.nass.usda.gov/ny or call our office at 518-457-5570.  Results from prior surveys conducted in 1978, 1988, and 2000 are also available.