E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov

(518) 457-5570 

PEST MANAGEMENT
PRACTICES


Released: November 2001

Pest Management Practices
 

Overview:  The pest management practices in this report are based on data compiled from a survey conducted in February 2001. Results refer to responses from sampled producers concerning specific practices. The producers were asked how many acres of a specific commodity they grew in 2000 and what pesticide management practices they used. Pests were defined as weeds, insects, and diseases. If the respondent used a specific practice on a crop, it was assumed the practice was used on all of the acres of that crop. The data are published in two tables: percent of acres receiving the specific pest management practice and percent of farms utilizing the specific pest management practice. The complete report, including results at the U.S. level, can be found at www.usda.gov/nass.

Highlights: Rotating crops to control pests was the leading pest management practice on many commodities. For example, this practice was used on 70 and 72 percent of the corn and soybean acres, respectively. Tillage was used on 70 percent of the wheat acreage to manage pests. Scouting used to make decisions was used on 88 percent of the fruit acreage while weather monitoring was used on 77 percent of the fruit acreage. Crops were rotated on 83 percent of the vegetable acres and alternate pesticides were used on 74 percent of the acreage.
 

Practice Percent of Acres Receiving Practices
Northeast Region 1/
Barley Corn Soybeans Wheat Alfalfa
Hay
Other
Hay
Fruits
&
Nuts
Vegetables All Other
&
Pasture
          Percent        
Prevention Practices:
Tillage/etc. to manage pests 46 44 60 70 32 21 26 70 26
Remove or plow down crop residue 16 36   5   5 20 12   * 23 11
Clean implements after fieldwork 40 44 50 56 33 25 24 39 15
Water management practices   *  9 18   7   2   2   * 35   7
Avoidance Practices:
Biotech varieties with
insect resistance only
  11              
Adjust planting/harvesting dates   6 13   7 10 14   3   * 31   *
Rotate crops to control pests 46 70 72 36 40 15   * 83 43
Biotech varieties with                  
pathogen/nematode resistance      2 **            
Alternate planting locations 12 25 10 10 17   4   * 26 12
Grow trap crop to control insects     2   *   *   *       *   *
Monitoring Practices:
Scouted for pests 34 37 47 23 37 10 79 56 16
Records kept to track pests 31 19 13 20 12   2 34 36   8
Field mapping of weed problems 11 32   4   5 16 10   * 24   7
Soil analysis to detect pests 15 10   3   3   7   6   * 28   6
Pheromones to monitor pests   * ** **   *   *   *   * 41   *
Weather monitoring 14 26 15   6 25 14 77 52 19
Suppression Practices:
Biotech varieties with
herbicide resistance only
    4 60           *   *
Scouting used to make decisions 29 14 12 20 12   3 88 50 8
Biological pesticides   *   7   2   8   *   4 19 38   *
Beneficial organisms     3   *   *   *     *   3   *
Physical barriers   4 11   3   5 12 10   * 53 19
Adjust planting methods   *   5   2   2   2   1     6   5
Alternate pesticides 11 36 24 15 21   8 77 74 13
Pheromones to disrupt mating   *   *   *   *     *   *   *  
*    Insufficient reports to publish data.
**  Less than 1 percent.
1/  CT, DE, ME, MD, MA, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT.
 
  
  
Practice Percent of Farms Utilizing Practices
Northeast Region 1/
Barley Corn Soybeans Wheat Alfalfa
Hay
Other
Hay
Fruits
&
Nuts
Vegetables All Other
&
Pasture
          Percent        
Prevention Practices:
Tillage/etc. to manage pests 24 30 39 46 25 36 19 56 37
Remove or plow down crop residue 13 27 10 34 20 11   * 47 27
Clean implements after fieldwork 31 37 45 28 31 23 38 23 21
Water management practices   *  3   6   2   3   3   * 18 10
Avoidance Practices:
Biotech varieties with
insect resistance only
  17              
Adjust planting/harvesting dates   * 12 11 18   5   3   *   5   *
Rotate crops to control pests 50 54 70 63 32 18   * 73 40
Biotech varieties with
pathogen/nematode resistance 
    4   4            
Alternate planting locations   6 29 27 18 11   3   * 41 17
Grow trap crop to control insects      2   *   *   *       *   *
Monitoring Practices:
Scouted for pests 26 33 43 32 21   9 67 48 30
Records kept to track pests 18 10 21 10   8   3 13   5 18
Field mapping of weed problems 15 27   7   9 13   4   *   5 10
Soil analysis to detect pests   8 11   4   3   5   6   *   3 15
Pheromones to monitor pests   * ** **   *   *   *   *   2   *
Weather monitoring 11 21 23 35 29 15 46 35 38
Suppression Practices:
Biotech varieties with
herbicide resistance only
  13 78           *   *
Scouting used to make decisions 16   8 11   8   4   2 70   4 25
Biological pesticides   * 13   4   4   *   2 18 22   2
Beneficial organisms     2   *   *   *     * 15   *
Physical barriers   2 12   7 12 13 10   * 64 39
Adjust planting methods   *   5   4   2   3   5   44 15
Alternate pesticides 11 30 22 13 18   6 65 60 22
Pheromones to disrupt mating   *   *   *   *     *   *   *  
*   Insufficient reports to publish data.
**  Less than 1 percent.
1/  CT, DE, ME, MD, MA, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT.