JANUARY 1 CATTLE INVENTORY DOWN FROM LAST YEAR




Columbia, S.C., January 27, 2006: All cattle and calves on SOUTH CAROLINA farms on January 1, 2006 were estimated at 415,000 head, the South Carolina Agricultural Statistics Service announced today. This number is down 5 percent from January 1, 2005. South Carolina now ranks 38th among all states while Texas ranks first at 14.1 million head with Kansas and Nebraska coming in second and third at 6.65 and 6.55 million head, respectively.


The total inventory of 415,000 head includes 213,000 beef cows and 17,000 milk cows. Also included are 17,000 bulls, 40,000 beef replacement heifers, 6,000 milk replacement heifers, 10,000 other heifers, and 10,000 steers, all weighing 500 pounds or more. Calves weighing less than 500 pounds totaled 102,000. The South Carolina calf crop for 2006 totaled 185,000 head, down 5 percent from 2005.



All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2006, totaled 97.1 million head, 2 percent above the 95.4 million on January 1, 2005.


All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.3 million in the United States, were up 1 percent from the 41.9 million on January 1, 2005. Beef cows, at 33.3 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2005. Milk cows, at 9.06 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2005. Other class estimates on January 1, 2006, and the change from January 1, 2005, are as follows: All heifers 500 pounds and over, 20.0 million, up 2 percent. Beef replacement heifers, 5.90 million, up 4 percent. Milk replacement heifers, 4.28 million, up 4 percent. Other heifers, 9.80 million, up slightly. Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.9 million, up 3 percent. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.26 million, up 2 percent. Calves under 500 pounds, 15.6 million, up 2 percent. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 14.1 million, up 3 percent. The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 28.2 million, up 2 percent.


The 2005 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 37.8 million head, up 1 percent from 2004. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 27.4 million, up slightly from 2004.




For additional information call:      Rhonda Brandt, Director

                                                          Steve Pavlasek, Deputy Director

                                                          Bunny Brooks, Agricultural Statistician