DRY WEATHER IMPACTS YIELDS


Columbia, S.C., September 12, 2005: Based on September 1 conditions, yields for cotton, peanuts, and tobacco are expected to be down from 2004. Yields for corn are up, while soybean yields are unchanged, the USDA NASS South Carolina Field Office announced today.


CORN production in 2005 is expected to total 29.4 million bushels, down 3 percent (840 thousand bushels) from last month, and down slightly (100 thousand bushels) from last year. Expected yield per acre of 105 bushels is down 3 bushels from the August forecast, but up 5 bushels from 2004. Acreage for harvest as grain, at 280,000, is down 15,000 acres from 2004.


FLUE-CURED TOBACCO production, as of September 1, is forecast at 48.3 million pounds. This is down 2 percent from last month's forecast and down 20 percent from last year's production of 60.8 million pounds. Yield per acre of 2,100 pounds is down 50 pounds from last month, and is 150 pounds below last year. Acreage for harvest, at 23,000, is unchanged from last month but down 4,000 acres from a year ago.


SOYBEAN production this year is forecast at 11.8 million bushels, unchanged from last month but down 21 percent from last year. Expected yield per acre of 28 bushels is unchanged from the August estimate and a year ago. Acres for harvest, at 420,000, is down 110,000 acres from a year ago.


COTTON production in 2005 is forecast at 415,000 bales - down 3 percent from last month, but up 25,000 bales from last year. Yield per acre is expected to average 757 pounds, down 43 pounds from the August forecast and 118 pounds below the 2004 yield. Acreage for harvest, at 263,000 acres, is up 23 percent from 2004.


PEANUT production is forecast at 194.7 million pounds - down 9.9 million pounds from last month but up 74 percent from a year ago. Yield per acre, at 3,300 pounds is unchanged from August but 100 pounds below the 2004 yield. Acreage for harvest, at 59,000, is up 26,000 acres from last year.


 



UNITED STATES 2004 PRODUCTION AND PERCENT OF PREVIOUS YEAR


Corn

10.64

Bil. Bus.

90 %

 

Sorghum

398

Mil. Lbs.

87 %

Soybeans

2.86

Bil. Bus.

91 %

 

Peanuts

5.01

Bil. Lbs.

118 %

Tobacco, F.C.

389

Mil. Lbs

75 %

 

Cotton, Upland

21.6

Mil. Bales

96 %




For additional information call: Robert A. Graham, Director

                                            Jim Johnson, Agricultural Statistician