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Released: May 23, 2005 -- 3:00 pm CST For Week Ending May 22, 2005 SD-CW2105 Volume 54 Issue 21

AGRICULTURAL SUMMARY:    With temperatures last week ranging from lows in the 30's to highs in the 90's in some areas, row crop emergence has fallen behind last year's progress throughout the state, according to USDA's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation was received across the majority of the state, with topsoil moisture levels improving significantly. Major farm activities included machinery repair and maintenance, planting of row crops, spring tillage, fertilizing and applying herbicides, fixing fence, and tending to livestock. Statewide there were 4.1 days reported suitable for fieldwork. This report is based on information from county extension educators, farm service agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.

WEATHER INFORMATION:   Many farmers and ranchers across the state were pleased to see temperatures average 6.5 degrees above normal for the state last week, after several weeks of below-normal temperatures. Temperatures ranged from 30 degrees in Roscoe, to 91 degrees in Porcupine and Yankton. Precipitation totals for last week ranged from none in Porcupine to 1.63 inches in Sioux Falls.

SOIL CONDITION:    With precipitation received across the majority of the state, topsoil moisture levels showed significant improvement, rising from 89 percent adequate to surplus the previous week to 93 percent adequate to surplus last week. Subsoil moisture levels remained at 76 percent adequate to surplus last week. Soil temperatures from reporting stations averaged 1.9 degrees above normal, at 60.1 degrees.

FIELD CROPS REPORT:    Warm temperatures last week improved the condition of small grains, but progress of row crops is behind last year. Ninety-one percent of the corn has been planted while only 32 percent has emerged, far below last year's emergence rate of 57 percent. Soybeans are 36 percent planted, behind last year's 51 percent and the five-year average of 45 percent. Only 3 percent of the soybean acres have emerged. Advancement was made in the planting of sorghum as it rose to 18 percent planted, while sunflower is now 10 percent planted. Spring wheat condition jumped from 61 percent good to excellent the previous week, to 71 percent good to excellent. Sixty- four percent of the winter wheat has progressed to the boot stage and one percent is headed, behind last year and the five-year average.

LIVESTOCK, PASTURE, AND RANGE REPORT:    Cattle and sheep conditions remain predominately in good to excellent condition. Warm temperatures and scattered precipitation throughout the state improved pasture and range conditions, as well. Stock water supplies are 62 percent adequate to surplus, well above last year's 37 percent. Feed supplies, at 83 percent adequate to surplus, are also well above last year's average of 58 percent. Calving and lambing are nearly complete at 95 and 96 percent, respectively. Sixty-six percent of cattle have been moved to pasture, ahead of last year's 63 percent.



          FEED AND WATER SUPPLIES COMPARISON
                 AS OF May 22, 2005 

       FEED SUPPLIES      STOCK WATER
        This  Last 5-Yr.   This  Last  5-Yr.
RATING   Week  Year  Ave.   Week  Year   Ave.

                       Percent
Very 
 Short      7    13     7     15     32   11
Short      10    28    19     23     31   17
Adeq.      75    57    69     59     36   65
Surplus     8     2     5      3      1    7


        SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION COMPARISON
                  AS OF May 22, 2005 

               TOPSOIL         SUBSOIL
         This   Last  Last  This   Last  Last
RATING   Week   Week  Year  Week   Week  Year
                       Percent
Very 
 Short      2     2     9      4      6    31
Short       5     9    20     20     18    33
Adeq.      88    77    66     72     72    35
Surplus     5    12     5      4      4     1


          CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITIONS
              AS OF May 22, 2005 

ITEM        V POOR   POOR   FAIR   GOOD   EXCEL
                          Percent
Winter Wheat   1       6     24      50     19
Spring Wheat   0       4     25      58     13
Oats           0       3     24      62     11
Barley         0       2     31      61      6
Corn           0       5     22      61     12
Cattle         0       1     11      65     23
Sheep          1       6     12      53     28
Range &                                        
  Pasture      6      11     33     42      8    



      CROP PROGRESS AS OF May 22, 2005  1/
                                                                         
                                                                           
                    This   Last   Last   5-Yr.
ITEM                Week   Week   Year    Ave
  
                         Percent
Barley        
 emerged             96     73     94      82
 boot                 0      0      1      NA
Spring wheat 
 emerged             99     96     98      90
 boot                 1      0      1      NA
Oats          
 emerged             94     86     94      86
 boot                 3      0     NA      NA
Corn        
 planted             91     73     94      85
 emerged             32      7     57      41
Sorghum       
 seeded              18     10     28      22
 emerged              0      0      7       2
Soybeans      
 planted             36     12     51      45
 emerged              3      1     10      10
Sunflower     
 seeded              10      5     11      10
Winter wheat
 boot                64     43     67      45
 headed               1      0     13       5
Alfalfa     
 1st cutting          1      0      1      NA
Other hay   
 cut                  0      0      1      NA        

1/ Percents represent all acreage in or beyond each stage. 
          


     SOIL TEMPERATURES WEEK ENDING May 22, 2005
                (4-inch Depth)

LOCATION      TEMP             LOCATION   TEMP

Beresford      67              Gettysburg   58
Brookings      54              Nisland      61
Caputa         56              Pierre       62
Chamberlain    62              Redfield     59
Cottonwood     64              Watertown    54

                                                     

	         TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
                  WEEK ENDING May 22, 2005
                                     

             TEMPERATURE       -----  PRECIPITATION -----     GDD BASE 50F
             -----------          SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  ------------
            CURRENT WEEK    CURR  JAN 1  APR 1  JAN 1  APR 1 SINCE APRIL 1
STATION     AVG DFN HI  LO  WEEK  TOTAL  TOTAL    DFN    DFN  TOTAL   DFN
-------     --  --  --  -- -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  ----
Bison       64  +8  82  41| 1.11   5.64   4.87  -0.47  +0.72|   221   +59
Buffalo     64  +9  88  42| 0.10   1.61   1.38  -2.69  -1.74|   257  +110
Dupree      64  +7  83  43| 0.53   5.67   4.55  +0.04  +0.61|   245   +48
Mc Intosh   63  +6  83  44| 0.66   4.23   3.45  -0.86  -0.17|   237   +63
Newell      63  +8  86  42| 0.01   5.69   4.78  +0.77  +1.36|   219   +64
Timber Lake 63  +6  83  43| 0.83   6.18   4.57  +0.16  +0.51|   231   +40
Aberdeen    65  +8  88  45| 0.18   3.37   2.14  -2.38  -1.43|   277   +70
Eureka      65  +8  84  44| 0.64   4.86   4.02  -0.24  +0.50|   264   +96
Faulkton    64  +7  88  40| 0.06   4.35   3.05  -1.68  -0.88|   242   +61
Mobridge    62  +5  84  40| 1.09   6.92   5.79  +1.16  +1.93|   260   +66
Roscoe      61  +4  86  30| 0.15   3.45   2.41  -2.53  -1.65|   196    +7
Britton     65  +7  86  42| 0.20   3.50   2.42  -1.82  -1.19|   323  +104
Clear Lake  61  +4  81  34| 1.07   8.59   6.39  +1.39  +2.10|   228   +27
Sisseton    64  +5  84  41| 0.20   4.87   3.44  -1.83  -0.83|   278   +48
Webster     64  +7  83  44| 0.20   4.78   3.89  -1.27  +0.13|   241   +41
Watertown   64  +6  81  45| 0.63   5.28   4.22  -1.49  -0.02|   269   +78
Faith       63  +6  80  43| 0.46   4.86   3.61  -0.95  -0.39|   224   +31
Milesville  65  +7  84  46| 0.51   7.26   5.63  +1.20  +1.49|   249   +23
Long Valley 66  +8  87  44| 0.09   9.08   7.25  +3.21  +3.25|   286   +75
Philip      66  +7  88  43| 0.10   7.38   6.35  +2.12  +2.73|   296   +69
Rapid City  65  +9  86  45| 0.04   7.04   4.73  +1.39  +1.02|   263  +112
Spearfish   65 +10  84  45| 0.13   7.17   5.28  -0.89  +0.01|   267  +126
Chamberlain 63  +3  85  32| 0.39   8.80   6.55  +2.98  +2.50|   248   -17
Highmore    66  +8  84  46| 0.41   4.97   3.95  -1.34  -0.29|   289   +71
Huron       66  +8  86  46| 0.25   3.55   2.75  -3.24  -1.29|   340  +124
Onida       65  +7  84  45| 0.44   5.63   4.83  -0.56  +0.97|   278   +50
Pierre      65  +7  85  47| 0.24   5.00   4.48  -1.05  +0.47|   288   +58
Brookings   62  +6  82  35| 0.62   6.73   5.08  +0.78  +1.11|   258   +95
Madison     62  +5  83  35| 0.93   6.56   4.74  -0.93  +0.36|   269   +71
Mitchell    63  +3  84  34| 0.74   8.33   6.21  +1.14  +1.65|   259    -5
Sioux Falls 64  +5  81  44| 1.63   9.81   6.94  +2.42  +2.34|   357  +128
Custer      58  +8  79  38| 0.12   5.44   4.13  -0.41  +0.16|    99   +39
Hot Springs 65  +7  87  41| 0.01   6.59   5.08  +1.54  +1.52|   246   +37
Oelrichs    63  +6  89  39| 0.08   6.15   5.04  +0.20  +1.01|   208    -1
Porcupine   65  +8  91  38| 0.00   8.62   6.75  +3.55  +3.16|   258   +77
Murdo       66  +8  86  42| 0.49   9.17   7.10  +2.83  +3.02|   257   +58
Winner      69  +8  86  48| 0.35   9.47   7.04  +1.33  +1.73|   340   +34
Armour      68  +7  89  45| 0.41   6.82   4.70  -0.54  +0.22|   360   +65
Centerville 64  +4  83  40| 0.76   8.44   5.88  +1.09  +1.31|   327   +72
Marion      63  +4  83  35| 0.94   9.29   7.00  +1.63  +2.33|   281   +51
Pickstown   65  +5  86  34| 0.40   8.13   5.74  +1.33  +1.43|   314   +56
Vermillion  69  +7  87  49| 0.77  11.23   8.55  +3.77  +3.72|   427   +80
Yankton     65  +5  91  34| 1.20  12.33   9.33  +5.31  +4.82|   331   +62

Source: National Weather Service, provided by AWIS, Inc.



Map of weather reporting stations


 
 
 

      
South Dakota county map showing topsoil moisture South Dakota county map showing subsoil moisture

Topsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers
Subsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers

 

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