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Released: June 6, 2005 -- 3:00 pm CST For Week Ending June 5, 2005 SD-CW2305 Volume 54 Issue 23

AGRICULTURAL SUMMARY:   Too much moisture and not enough sunshine kept farmers out of the fields last week and delayed row crop development and soybean seeding, according to USDA's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service. Varying amounts of precipitation across the state also improved pasture and range conditions, but hindered alfalfa harvesting. Major farm activities included machinery repair, planting of row crops, spring tillage, fertilizing and applying herbicides, fixing fence and tending to livestock. Statewide there were 3.4 days reported suitable for fieldwork. This report is based on information from county extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.

WEATHER INFORMATION:   Cool, below-normal temperatures have plagued the state for yet another week, with an average 2.6 degrees below normal. Stations reported average temperatures in the 50's and 60's, with the reported high of 82 degrees in Porcupine and the low of 35 degrees in Custer. All reporting stations received precipitation last week, with most stations reporting more than an inch received. Centerville reported the most, with 4.8 inches, while Watertown only received 0.26 inch.

SOIL CONDITION:   Topsoil moisture levels improved slightly last week with the widespread rainfall. Statewide, 92 percent is rated adequate to surplus, compared to 89 percent a week earlier. Subsoil conditions also improved with only 18 percent rated short or very short, compared to 22 percent a week ago.

FIELD CROPS REPORT:   Although cool, wet weather prevented many farmers from getting into the fields, some progress was made in the planting of soybeans. Now at 79 percent, soybean planting is below both last year's 83 percent and the five-year average of 87 percent. Corn planting is virtually complete at 99 percent and is now 85 percent emerged, behind last year, but equaling the five-year average. Corn has an average height of 5 inches, the same as last year and the five- year average. Corn and soybean conditions are rated at 77 percent and 75 percent good to excellent, respectively. Barley, oats, and spring wheat have advanced to 12 percent, 21 percent, and 35 percent in the boot stage, respectively. Winter wheat is now 90 percent in the boot stage, below last year's 94 percent, but above the five-year average of 79 percent. Forty- seven percent of the sorghum has been planted, behind last year's 58 percent.

LIVESTOCK, PASTURE, AND RANGE REPORT:   Last week's heavy amounts of precipitation slightly improved pasture and range conditions to 57 percent good to excellent. Livestock continue to be in mostly good to excellent condition. Most cattle have been moved to summer pasture, with 91 percent moved, even with the five-year average and above last year's 89 percent. The heavy rainfall hindered alfalfa cutting, with only 10 percent harvested. Livestock feed and water supplies are still rated predominately adequate to surplus.



          FEED AND WATER SUPPLIES COMPARISON
                 AS OF June 5, 2005 

       FEED SUPPLIES      STOCK WATER
        This  Last 5-Yr.   This  Last  5-Yr.
RATING   Week  Year  Ave.   Week  Year   Ave.

                       Percent
Very 
 Short      7    14     7     11     29   11
Short      12    24    18     20     29   19
Adeq.      75    58    70     64     40   64
Surplus     6     4     5      5      2    6

        SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION COMPARISON
                  AS OF June 5, 2005 

               TOPSOIL         SUBSOIL
         This   Last  Last  This   Last  Last
RATING   Week   Week  Year  Week   Week  Year
                       Percent
Very 
 Short      2     2     7      4      4    21
Short       6     9    15     14     18    27
Adeq.      74    78    68     72     69    49
Surplus    18    11    10     10      9     3
                        
          CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITIONS
              AS OF June 5, 2005 

ITEM        V POOR   POOR   FAIR   GOOD   EXCEL
                          Percent
Winter Wheat   1       3     21      49     26
Spring Wheat   1       1     23      63     12
Oats           0       1     23      65     11
Barley         0       1     24      69      6
Soybeans       1       2     22      67      8
Corn           1       3     19      66     11
Sorghum        0       1     35      48     16
Cattle         0       1     10      64     25
Sheep          1       1      7      62     29
Range &                                        
  Pasture      5       9     29      45     12


      CROP PROGRESS AS OF June 5, 2005  1/
                                                                         
                                                                           
                    This   Last   Last   5-Yr.
ITEM                Week   Week   Year    Ave
  
                         Percent
Barley        
 boot                12      6     17      15
Spring wheat 
 boot                35     12     38      27
 headed               0      0      1      NA
Oats          
 boot                21      9     34      23
 headed               1      0      3       3
Corn        
 planted             99     96     99      98
 emerged             85     67     92      85
 ave.height (in.)     5      3      5       5
 1st cult./sprayed   31     16     35      23
Sorghum       
 seeded              47     28     58      54
 emerged             12      5     22       8
Soybeans      
 planted             79     63     83      87
 emerged             35     14     48      52
Sunflower     
 seeded              36     15     39      47
Winter wheat
 boot                90     80     94      79
 headed              45     20     57      39
Alfalfa     
 1st cutting         10      6     12      17
Other hay   
 cut                  1      1      3       2 
1/ Percents represent all acreage in or beyond each stage.          
                                                    

	         TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
                  WEEK ENDING June 5, 2005
                                     

             TEMPERATURE       -----  PRECIPITATION -----     GDD BASE 50F
             -----------          SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  ------------
            CURRENT WEEK    CURR  JAN 1  APR 1  JAN 1  APR 1 SINCE APRIL 1
STATION     AVG DFN HI  LO  WEEK  TOTAL  TOTAL    DFN    DFN  TOTAL   DFN
-------     --  --  --  -- -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  ----
Bison       59  -3  75  46| 0.95   7.09   6.32  -0.39  +0.80|   319   +15
Buffalo     57  -5  76  39| 1.22   3.18   2.95  -2.45  -1.50|   345   +69
Dupree      60  -3  79  41| 0.69   6.95   5.83  -0.19  +0.38|   368   +10
McIntosh    61  -2  81  41| 0.94   5.70   4.92  -0.76  -0.07|   364   +38
Newell      56  -6  76  42| 1.02   6.96   6.05  +0.65  +1.24|   309   +18
Timber Lake 61  -2  78  41| 0.71   7.28   5.67  -0.22  +0.13|   351    +2
Aberdeen    65  +3  79  47| 0.50   4.72   3.49  -2.31  -1.36|   442   +71
Eureka      63  +2  78  43| 0.56   6.18   5.34  -0.19  +0.55|   412   +96
Faulkton    63  +0  80  42| 2.95   7.71   6.41  +0.28  +1.08|   383   +45
Mobridge    61  -3  79  42| 0.54   8.40   7.27  +1.31  +2.08|   392   +35
Roscoe      60  -4  79  41| 2.77   6.86   5.82  -0.53  +0.35|   314   -35
Britton     65  +3  77  46| 0.81   5.40   4.32  -1.42  -0.79|   487   +97
Clear Lake  63  -1  76  47| 0.84  10.23   8.03  +1.49  +2.20|   374    +3
Sisseton    64  +1  76  49| 0.32   6.18   4.75  -1.92  -0.92|   437   +29
Webster     63  +0  72  44| 2.52   8.45   7.56  +0.94  +2.34|   373    +8
Watertown   63  +0  79  43| 0.26   6.73   5.67  -1.58  -0.11|   414   +57
Faith       57  -6  76  43| 0.99   6.38   5.13  -0.89  -0.33|   325   -26
Milesville  61  -4  81  44| 0.85   9.87   8.24  +2.20  +2.49|   378   -19
Long Valley 61  -4  78  44| 1.52  11.03   9.20  +3.70  +3.74|   419   +38
Philip      59  -6  81  43| 1.51   9.30   8.27  +2.64  +3.25|   420   +15
Rapid City  57  -4  79  43| 0.98   9.06   6.75  +2.05  +1.68|   364   +78
Spearfish   58  -3  79  41| 0.70   8.55   6.66  -1.47  -0.57|   361   +96
Chamberlain 61  -4  79  42| 1.75  10.77   8.52  +3.55  +3.07|   409   -54
Highmore    63  -1  78  42| 1.13   6.60   5.58  -1.06  -0.01|   446   +53
Huron       65  +2  78  39| 1.24   5.28   4.48  -2.98  -1.03|   513  +122
Onida       62  -3  78  42| 1.13   7.32   6.52  -0.19  +1.34|   419    +8
Pierre      61  -5  79  42| 1.20   6.63   6.11  -0.93  +0.59|   426   +14
Brookings   62  +1  73  42| 1.35   8.84   7.19  +1.19  +1.52|   409   +96
Madison     62  -1  72  42| 1.44   8.48   6.66  -0.55  +0.74|   425   +61
Mitchell    63  -4  76  43| 2.06  11.13   9.01  +2.31  +2.82|   419   -45
Sioux Falls 64  -1  74  41| 3.34  13.74  10.87  +4.85  +4.77|   528  +115
Custer      48  -7  67  35| 0.90   6.71   5.40  -0.63  -0.06|   130    -2
Hot Springs 57  -6  78  40| 1.37   8.24   6.73  +1.80  +1.78|   345   -20
Oelrichs    56  -8  80  40| 1.15   7.60   6.49  +0.25  +1.06|   302   -68
Porcupine   58  -6  82  44| 1.19  10.15   8.28  +3.68  +3.29|   367   +25
Murdo       60  -4  80  45| 1.38  10.79   8.72  +3.06  +3.25|   387   +18
Winner      63  -4  78  44| 1.54  11.60   9.17  +1.70  +2.10|   510    -8
Armour      64  -3  77  43| 2.38  10.79   8.67  +1.75  +2.51|   530   +27
Centerville 64  -2  77  44| 4.80  14.16  11.60  +4.98  +5.20|   516   +64
Marion      63  -3  75  43| 2.37  12.40  10.11  +3.13  +3.83|   448   +29
Pickstown   63  -3  80  44| 2.51  11.79   9.40  +3.35  +3.45|   492   +36
Vermillion  66  -2  78  42| 2.01  13.69  11.01  +4.40  +4.35|   637   +64
Yankton     64  -2  77  43| 2.41  15.57  12.57  +6.70  +6.21|   527   +56
Source: National Weather Service, provided by AWIS, Inc.



Map of weather reporting stations


 
 
 

      
South Dakota county map showing topsoil moisture South Dakota county map showing subsoil moisture

Topsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers
Subsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers

 

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