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Released: June 13, 2005 -- 3:00 pm CST For Week Ending June 12, 2005 SD-CW2405 Volume 54 Issue 24

AGRICULTURAL SUMMARY:   Additional rainfall across the state delayed alfalfa harvesting and kept field work at a standstill, according to USDA's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service. Many farmers are considering planting alternative crops or nothing at all due to wet fields. Warmer, drier conditions are needed to promote crop development and to harvest alfalfa. Major farm activities included machinery repair, planting of row crops, spring tillage, fertilizing and applying herbicides, fixing fence, and tending to livestock. Statewide there were 2.1 days reported suitable for fieldwork. This report is based on information from county extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.

WEATHER INFORMATION:   Heavy rainfall and cool temperatures were reported across the state last week. Most stations reported receiving over an inch of rain. Some areas in north-central South Dakota received hail. Buffalo received the least amount of precipitation, with 0.65 inch, while Armour, at 4.71 inches, received the most precipitation. Temperatures are still below normal, with averages in the 50's and 60's. The reported high was 92 degrees in Philip and the low was 37 degrees in Custer.

SOIL CONDITION:   Last week's heavy rainfall improved topsoil moisture levels by two percent to 95 percent adequate to surplus and has left water standing in low areas. Surplus moisture levels were reported in the southeastern part of the state. Subsoil conditions have improved as well, from 82 percent adequate to surplus to 90 percent adequate to surplus. However, soil conditions in some parts of western South Dakota are still very dry.

FIELD CROPS REPORT:   Heavy rainfall across the state prevented many farmers from completing soybean planting last week. Now at 85 percent seeded, many farmers are looking to alternative crops to plant instead of soybeans. Corn and soybeans in the northern part of the state suffered some wind and hail damage. Corn has an average height of 7 inches, behind last year's average of 8 inches, but in line with the five-year average. Corn and soybean conditions improved to 81 percent and 76 percent good to excellent compared to last week's 77 percent and 75 percent, respectively. Diseases and rust have been found in both winter wheat and spring wheat across the state. Barley, oats, and spring wheat are now 37 percent, 47 percent, and 57 percent in the boot stage, respectively, and are all well behind last year's progress of 51 percent, 63 percent, and 69 percent. Alfalfa harvesting has been hindered by the rain and is rated at 63 percent good to excellent. Fifty-one percent of the sorghum is planted, behind last year's 75 percent.

LIVESTOCK, PASTURE, AND RANGE REPORT:   Although stock water supplies in the northwestern part of the state are still low, the heavy rainfall last week has filled many stock dams that have been running dry for the last few years. Cattle and sheep continue to be in predominantly good to excellent condition. Ninety-six percent of cattle have been moved to summer pasture. Rainfall has improved pasture and range conditions to 74 percent good to excellent, well above last year's 42 percent and the five-year average of 53 percent.



          FEED AND WATER SUPPLIES COMPARISON
                 AS OF June 12, 2005 

       FEED SUPPLIES      STOCK WATER
        This  Last 5-Yr.   This  Last  5-Yr.
RATING   Week  Year  Ave.   Week  Year   Ave.

                       Percent
Very 
 Short      6    13     8     10     21   12
Short       9    21    19     17     26   19
Adeq.      77    62    69     63     51   64
Surplus     8     4     4     10      2    5

        SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION COMPARISON
                  AS OF June 12, 2005 

               TOPSOIL         SUBSOIL
         This   Last  Last  This   Last  Last
RATING   Week   Week  Year  Week   Week  Year
                       Percent
Very 
 Short     1     2     7      4      4    18
Short       4     6    12      6     14    23
Adeq.      62    74    70     66     72    55
Surplus    33    18    11     24     10     4
                        
          CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITIONS
              AS OF June 12, 2005 

ITEM        V POOR   POOR   FAIR   GOOD   EXCEL
                          Percent
Winter Wheat   0       2     18      54     26
Spring Wheat   1       3     12      69     15
Oats           0       1     16      72     11
Barley         0       1     16      76      7
Soybeans       1       3     20      66     10
Corn           1       2     16      69     12
Sorghum        0       0     27      61     12
Alfalfa        2       6     29      52     11
Cattle         0       0      7      67     26
Sheep          0       0      6      66     28
Range &                                        
  Pasture      2       5     19      54     20
                   


      CROP PROGRESS AS OF June 12, 2005  1/
                                                                         
                                                                           
                    This   Last   Last   5-Yr.
ITEM                Week   Week   Year    Ave
  
                         Percent
Barley        
 boot                 37     12     51      41
 headed               4     NA      8       8
Spring wheat 
 boot                57     35     69      52
 headed              10      0     14      11
Oats          
 boot                47     21     63      48
 headed               8      1     14      13
Corn        
 emerged             95     85     97      95
 ave.height (in.)     7      5      8       7
 1st cult./sprayed   46     31     58      41
 2nd cult./sprayed    4     NA     NA      NA
Sorghum       
 seeded              51     47     75      75
 emerged             20     12     39      18
Soybeans      
 planted             85     79     93      95
 emerged             67     35     73      77
Sunflower     
 seeded              49     36     61      71
Winter wheat
 boot                95     90     98      89
 headed              71     45     82      64
 turning color        1      0      1       1
Alfalfa     
 1st cutting         16     10     25      34
Other hay   
 cut                  3      1      6       7
1/ Percents represent all acreage in or beyond each stage.


	         TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
                  WEEK ENDING June 12, 2005
                                     

             TEMPERATURE       -----  PRECIPITATION -----     GDD BASE 50F
             -----------          SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  ------------
            CURRENT WEEK    CURR  JAN 1  APR 1  JAN 1  APR 1 SINCE APRIL 1
STATION     AVG DFN HI  LO  WEEK  TOTAL  TOTAL    DFN    DFN  TOTAL   DFN
-------     --  --  --  -- -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  ----
Bison       63  -2  81  43| 1.01   7.95   7.18  -0.27  +0.92|   399    +1
Buffalo     60  -3  86  42| 0.65   3.83   3.60  -2.50  -1.55|   414   +49
Dupree      62  -4  85  42| 1.92   8.87   7.75  +0.96  +1.53|   452   -10
McIntosh    63  -2  82  46| 1.82   7.52   6.74  +0.29  +0.98|   455   +31
Newell      60  -4  85  40| 1.22   8.12   7.21  +1.07  +1.66|   379    -3
Timber Lake 63  -3  83  47| 0.68   7.96   6.35  -0.31  +0.04|   444    -8
Aberdeen    64  -2  88  46| 2.52   7.24   6.01  -0.51  +0.44|   543   +68
Eureka      64  +1  83  48| 2.27   8.45   7.61  +1.34  +2.08|   514  +102
Faulkton    66  +2  89  50| 2.48  10.19   8.89  +1.99  +2.79|   495   +55
Mobridge    63  -3  84  48| 1.70  10.10   8.97  +2.26  +3.03|   482   +21
Roscoe      64  -2  85  49| 2.21   9.07   8.03  +0.84  +1.72|   412   -40
Britton     66  +2  86  49| 1.78   7.67   6.59  +0.01  +0.64|   605  +109
Clear Lake  65  -1  86  50| 2.33  12.56  10.36  +2.98  +3.69|   477    -1
Sisseton    66  +0  82  53| 3.35   9.53   8.10  +0.68  +1.68|   551   +33
Webster     65  -1  81  51| 2.79  11.24  10.35  +2.96  +4.36|   479   +10
Watertown   65  -1  86  50| 2.70   9.43   8.37  +0.28  +1.75|   519   +57
Faith       61  -5  84  46| 1.76   8.14   6.89  +0.13  +0.69|   405   -49
Milesville  63  -4  87  47| 1.69  11.56   9.93  +3.12  +3.41|   468   -40
Long Valley 64  -3  88  48| 1.68  12.71  10.88  +4.61  +4.65|   515   +24
Philip      64  -3  92  46| 0.81  10.11   9.08  +2.75  +3.36|   519    +0
Rapid City  61  -2  86  45| 0.72   9.78   7.47  +2.00  +1.63|   444   +69
Spearfish   59  -4  83  44| 1.10   9.65   7.76  -1.42  -0.52|   430   +81
Chamberlain 65  -3  88  50| 3.69  14.07  11.82  +6.15  +5.67|   521   -66
Highmore    65  -2  87  49| 2.51   9.11   8.09  +0.73  +1.78|   552   +49
Huron       66  +1  89  50| 3.39   8.67   7.87  -0.38  +1.57|   629  +126
Onida       64  -3  87  49| 1.92   9.24   8.44  +1.03  +2.56|   521    -4
Pierre      65  -2  89  48| 1.88   8.51   7.99  +0.11  +1.63|   531    +2
Brookings   66  +2  87  49| 2.04  10.88   9.23  +2.21  +2.54|   520  +109
Madison     65  +0  87  49| 3.13  11.61   9.79  +1.74  +3.03|   534   +64
Mitchell    66  -3  88  50| 3.15  14.28  12.16  +4.55  +5.06|   533   -55
Sioux Falls 67  +2  86  48| 0.74  14.48  11.61  +4.76  +4.68|   649  +121
Custer      54  -4  80  37| 1.49   8.20   6.89  +0.10  +0.67|   162   -23
Hot Springs 61  -4  87  44| 1.22   9.46   7.95  +2.36  +2.34|   423   -45
Oelrichs    61  -5  87  43| 0.99   8.59   7.48  +0.54  +1.35|   378   -97
Porcupine   63  -3  89  49| 1.50  11.65   9.78  +4.48  +4.09|   458   +11
Murdo       64  -2  89  50| 2.13  12.92  10.85  +4.42  +4.61|   489   +10
Winner      65  -5  89  49| 3.19  14.56  12.13  +3.82  +4.22|   625   -24
Armour      66  -2  87  49| 4.71  15.50  13.38  +5.55  +6.31|   647   +16
Centerville 69  +2  87  51| 1.27  15.43  12.87  +5.26  +5.48|   652   +79
Marion      67  +1  88  50| 2.41  14.81  12.52  +4.63  +5.33|   570   +34
Pickstown   67  -2  88  50| 3.01  14.80  12.41  +5.41  +5.51|   611   +31
Vermillion  72  +3  90  53| 1.45  15.14  12.46  +4.87  +4.82|   795   +85
Yankton     69  +2  89  50| 1.57  17.14  14.14  +7.29  +6.80|   662   +67
Source: National Weather Service, provided by AWIS, Inc.


Map of weather reporting stations


 
 
 

      
South Dakota county map showing topsoil moisture South Dakota county map showing subsoil moisture

Topsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers
Subsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers

 

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