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Released: June 20, 2005 -- 3:00 pm CST For Week Ending June 19, 2005 SD-CW2505 Volume 54 Issue 25

AGRICULTURAL SUMMARY:   Warm, sunny weather at the end of last week allowed farmers to finally get back into the fields after several days of cool temperatures and rainfall, according to USDA's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service. Many producers still have water standing in the fields and may face drowned-out low spots. The warm weather also allowed farmers to continue alfalfa harvesting after the long delay from the heavy rainfall. Major farm activities included machinery repair, planting of row crops, hay harvesting, fertilizing and applying herbicides, fixing fence, and tending to livestock. Statewide there were 4.0 days reported suitable for fieldwork. This report is based on information from county extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.

WEATHER INFORMATION:   After three weeks of cool, wet weather, temperatures finally warmed up last week to an average of 1.2 degrees above normal, with averages in the 60's and 70's. The reported high was 94 degrees in Rapid City, and the temperature dropped to 42 degrees in Custer for the week's low. Most reporting stations received light to moderate rainfall, with the majority of them receiving less than an inch of precipitation. Oelrichs received the most precipitation, with 3.30 inches reported.

SOIL CONDITION:   Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels changed very little over the week. Topsoil moisture conditions are now at 97 percent adequate to surplus, compared to last week's 95 percent; while subsoil conditions, at 90 percent adequate to surplus, stayed the same. With highly saturated soils, water is standing in many fields because of the heavy rainfall in the last few weeks. Northeastern and southeastern parts of the state reported surplus moisture levels, while areas in the northwest are extremely dry.

FIELD CROPS REPORT:   After a few early-week storms, sunshine and warm weather returned, allowing producers to finally resume planting soybeans and other fieldwork. With the warm temperatures, corn development progressed and is now at an average height of 12 inches, ahead of last year's average of 11 inches and in line with the five-year average. Soybean planting is at 91 percent completed, compared to 97 percent a year ago and the five-year average of 99 percent. Some producers are considering planting alternative crops in excessively wet fields. Soybeans are rated at 71 percent good to excellent, down from last week's 76 percent. Corn conditions also declined from 81 percent to 75 percent good to excellent, with some showing water damage. More rust and diseases have been found in spring wheat and winter wheat across the state. Barley, oats, and spring wheat are now 64 percent, 70 percent, and 73 percent in the boot stage, respectively, and are still far behind last year's averages of 78 percent, 83 percent, and 89 percent. Winter wheat is 91 percent headed and is 6 percent starting to turn color.

LIVESTOCK, PASTURE, AND RANGE REPORT:   Stock dams are full and running over in many areas across the state. Cattle and sheep continue to be in predominantly good to excellent condition. Range and pasture conditions are rated at 81 percent good to excellent, far ahead of last year's 41 percent and the five-year average of 52 percent. Producers were finally able to continue alfalfa harvesting at the end of the week, and are looking forward to an excellent second cutting due to widespread rainfall. Alfalfa is now rated at 56 percent good to excellent and is 29 percent harvested.



          FEED AND WATER SUPPLIES COMPARISON
                 AS OF June 19, 2005 

       FEED SUPPLIES      STOCK WATER
        This  Last 5-Yr.   This  Last  5-Yr.
RATING   Week  Year  Ave.   Week  Year   Ave.

                       Percent
Very 
 Short      6    14    10     11     23   14
Short       6    18    17     11     24   19
Adeq.      81    64    69     66     50   62
Surplus     7     4     4     12      3    5
        SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION COMPARISON
                  AS OF June 19, 2005 

               TOPSOIL         SUBSOIL
         This   Last  Last  This   Last  Last
RATING   Week   Week  Year  Week   Week  Year
                       Percent
Very 
 Short      1     1     6      3      4    16
Short       2     4    10      7      6    23
Adeq.      64    62    74     65     66    54
Surplus    33    33    10     25     24     7
                        
          CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITIONS
              AS OF June 19, 2005 

ITEM        V POOR   POOR   FAIR   GOOD   EXCEL
                          Percent
Winter Wheat   1       4     18      52     25
Spring Wheat   1       2     22      56     19
Oats           0       2     13      70     15
Barley         0       1     19      71      9
Soybeans       1       4     24      60     11
Corn           1       4     20      62     13
Sorghum        0       1     19      66     14
Alfalfa        2       6     36      47      9
Cattle         0       0      7      70     23
Sheep          0       1      6      62     31
Range &                                        
  Pasture      1       2     16      58     23
                   


      CROP PROGRESS AS OF June 19, 2005  1/
                                                                         
                                                                           
                    This   Last   Last   5-Yr.
ITEM                Week   Week   Year    Ave
  
                         Percent
Barley        
 boot                64     37     78      70
 headed              22      4     31      30
Spring wheat 
 boot                73     57     89      77
 headed              25     10     46      37
Oats          
 boot                70     47     83      73
 headed              27      8     43      35
 turning color        0      0      0       1
Corn        
 ave.height (in.)    12      7     11      12
 1st cult./sprayed   63     46     74      62
 2nd cult./sprayed    9      4     14      10
Sorghum       
 seeded              76     51     90      90
 emerged             48     20     61      22
Soybeans      
 planted             91     85     97      99
 emerged             77     67     90      92
Sunflower     
 seeded              64     49     79      87
Winter wheat
 boot                98     95    100      96
 headed              91     71     95      85
 turning color        6      1     10      11
Alfalfa     
 1st cutting         29     16     47      57
Other hay   
 cut                  9      3     14      18
1/ Percents represent all acreage in or beyond each stage.


	         TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
                  WEEK ENDING June 19, 2005
                                     

             TEMPERATURE       -----  PRECIPITATION -----     GDD BASE 50F
             -----------          SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  ------------
            CURRENT WEEK    CURR  JAN 1  APR 1  JAN 1  APR 1 SINCE APRIL 1
STATION     AVG DFN HI  LO  WEEK  TOTAL  TOTAL    DFN    DFN  TOTAL   DFN
-------     --  --  --  -- -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  ----
Bison       69  +4  88  51| 0.39   8.34   7.57  -0.59  +0.60|   530   +23
Buffalo     67  +3  87  50| 0.58   4.41   4.18  -2.58  -1.63|   537   +69
Dupree      69  +2  89  47| 0.68   9.55   8.43  +0.87  +1.44|   584    +3
McIntosh    70  +5  90  48| 0.19   7.71   6.93  -0.29  +0.40|   596   +59
Newell      67  +2  87  47| 0.96   9.08   8.17  +1.33  +1.92|   499   +10
Timber Lake 69  +3  88  51| 0.77   8.73   7.12  -0.31  +0.04|   577    +9
Aberdeen    69  +2  88  53| 1.05   8.29   7.06  -0.23  +0.72|   674   +81
Eureka      70  +5  89  50| 0.53   8.98   8.14  +1.10  +1.84|   656  +135
Faulkton    68  +2  87  48| 1.41  11.60  10.30  +2.63  +3.43|   624   +67
Mobridge    69  +3  90  47| 0.22  10.32   9.19  +1.74  +2.51|   617   +37
Roscoe      66  -1  86  49| 1.14  10.21   9.17  +1.13  +2.01|   528   -40
Britton     68  +2  88  56| 1.88   9.55   8.47  +1.01  +1.64|   735  +119
Clear Lake  67  -1  84  51| 1.31  13.87  11.67  +3.43  +4.14|   596    -2
Sisseton    66  -2  85  51| 2.44  11.97  10.54  +2.40  +3.40|   667   +26
Webster     68  +2  87  52| 1.18  12.42  11.53  +3.33  +4.73|   605   +18
Watertown   68  +1  84  52| 0.75  10.18   9.12  +0.19  +1.66|   644   +62
Faith       67  +1  87  51| 0.63   8.77   7.52  +0.06  +0.62|   528   -45
Milesville  69  +2  89  50| 1.40  12.96  11.33  +3.82  +4.11|   603   -31
Long Valley 69  +2  87  48| 1.07  13.78  11.95  +4.84  +4.88|   650   +33
Philip      69  +1  91  49| 0.86  10.97   9.94  +2.91  +3.52|   656    +6
Rapid City  68  +3  94  50| 0.41  10.19   7.88  +1.67  +1.30|   568   +88
Spearfish   68  +5  90  48| 0.68  10.33   8.44  -1.75  -0.85|   559  +110
Chamberlain 68  -3  87  51| 1.24  14.89  12.64  +6.27  +5.79|   650   -77
Highmore    69  +2  89  48| 0.73   9.84   8.82  +0.69  +1.74|   685   +56
Huron       70  +2  88  51| 0.86   9.53   8.73  -0.33  +1.62|   767  +137
Onida       70  +2  91  48| 0.54   9.78   8.98  +0.86  +2.39|   662    +7
Pierre      69  +0  88  47| 0.51   9.02   8.50  -0.22  +1.30|   665    +4
Brookings   67  +2  85  51| 0.51  11.39   9.74  +1.67  +2.00|   643  +121
Madison     68  +2  84  55| 0.08  11.69   9.87  +0.93  +2.22|   664   +75
Mitchell    68  -3  86  53| 0.62  14.90  12.78  +4.26  +4.77|   660   -67
Sioux Falls 69  +1  85  53| 0.09  14.57  11.70  +4.02  +3.94|   784  +126
Custer      61  +2  84  42| 0.87   9.07   7.76  +0.20  +0.77|   240   -12
Hot Springs 67  +0  91  46| 1.62  11.08   9.57  +3.35  +3.33|   541   -44
Oelrichs    66  -1  88  46| 3.30  11.89  10.78  +3.14  +3.95|   495  -101
Porcupine   68  +1  89  46| 1.00  12.65  10.78  +4.78  +4.39|   584   +16
Murdo       68  +1  87  53| 0.73  13.65  11.58  +4.38  +4.57|   617   +12
Winner      70  -2  90  51| 0.32  16.48  14.05  +4.90  +5.30|   762   -34
Armour      70  +0  88  51| 0.06  15.56  13.44  +4.70  +5.46|   792   +19
Centerville 71  +2  87  56| 0.00  15.43  12.87  +4.23  +4.45|   798   +89
Marion      69  -1  86  54| 0.37  15.18  12.89  +4.09  +4.79|   701   +35
Pickstown   69  -2  86  50| 0.05  14.85  12.46  +4.48  +4.58|   742   +24
Vermillion  71  -1  90  53| 0.00  15.14  12.46  +3.93  +3.88|   943   +82
Yankton     70  +2  88  55| 0.00  17.14  14.14  +6.33  +5.84|   806   +73
Source: National Weather Service, provided by AWIS, Inc.


Map of weather reporting stations


 
 
 

      
South Dakota county map showing topsoil moisture South Dakota county map showing subsoil moisture

Topsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers
Subsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers

 

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