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Released: June 27, 2005 -- 3:00 pm CST For Week Ending June 26, 2005 SD-CW2605 Volume 54 Issue 26

AGRICULTURAL SUMMARY:   Last week's high temperatures gave producers a chance to plant late crops and to proceed with hay harvesting and spraying, according to USDA's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service. However, precipitation in some areas did prevent field work, and some crops suffered from hail and wind damage. Major farm activities included machinery repair, planting of row crops, hay harvesting, fertilizing and applying herbicides, fixing fence, and tending to livestock. Statewide there were 4.7 days reported suitable for fieldwork. This report is based on information from county extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.

WEATHER INFORMATION:   Nearly all reporting stations received a little precipitation last week, with most receiving less than an inch of rain. Vermillion received the most rainfall, with 3.75 inches reported. Temperatures were an average of 7.1 degrees above normal, with averages in the 70's. Buffalo reported the week's high of 99 degrees, and Sisseton had the low of 51 degrees.

SOIL CONDITION:   With mostly dry weather last week, soil moisture conditions declined slightly. Topsoil moisture levels slipped from 97 percent adequate to surplus the previous week to 95 percent, while subsoil moisture levels dropped from 90 percent to 89 percent adequate to surplus. Areas in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the state still reported some surplus soil moisture conditions. However, several areas in the northwest are in desperate need of rainfall.

FIELD CROPS REPORT:   Last week's dry weather enabled several producers to plant late crops and replant drowned- out low spots. Corn is now at an average height of 18 inches, ahead of both last year's and the five-year average of 17 inches and is rated at 79 percent good to excellent. Soybean planting is nearly complete at 95 percent seeded and is rated at 72 percent good to excellent, behind last year's 75 percent. Wheat scab and rusts are becoming a problem in some winter wheat crops. Nearly all winter wheat has headed, and 31 percent of winter wheat is turning color. Barley, oats, and spring wheat development continue to lag behind last year's and the five-year averages, with only 53 percent, 49 percent, and 62 percent headed, respectively.

LIVESTOCK, PASTURE, AND RANGE REPORT:   Adequate rainfall has kept most stock dams full and pasture and range conditions rated predominately good to excellent at 78 percent. However, many areas in the western part of the state are still facing a shortage in moisture and declining pasture and range conditions. The humid weather has prevented many farmers from completing alfalfa harvesting with only 56 percent harvested which is behind last year's 62 percent and the five-year average of 74 percent.



          FEED AND WATER SUPPLIES COMPARISON
                 AS OF June 26, 2005 

       FEED SUPPLIES      STOCK WATER
        This  Last 5-Yr.   This  Last  5-Yr.
RATING   Week  Year  Ave.   Week  Year   Ave.

                       Percent
Very 
 Short      3    13    10      7     22   15
Short       6    17    17     16     23   18
Adeq.      80    65    67     67     51   60
Surplus    11     5     6     10      4    7

        SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION COMPARISON
                  AS OF June 26, 2005 

               TOPSOIL         SUBSOIL
         This   Last  Last  This   Last  Last
RATING   Week   Week  Year  Week   Week  Year
                       Percent
Very 
 Short      2     1     8      4      3    17
Short       3     2    13      7      7    21
Adeq.      77    64    72     72     65    57
Surplus    18    33     7     17     25     5


                        
          CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITIONS
              AS OF June 26, 2005 

ITEM        V POOR   POOR   FAIR   GOOD   EXCEL
                          Percent
Winter Wheat   1       4     20      53     22
Spring Wheat   0       2     17      60     21
Oats           0       1     16      66     17
Barley         0       1     20      67     12
Soybeans       1       4     23      60     12
Corn           1       2     18      64     15
Sorghum        2       0     21      62     15
Alfalfa        2       6     27      57      8
Cattle         0       0      7      67     26
Sheep          0       1      6      64     29
Range &                                        
  Pasture      2       2     18      59     19
                   


      CROP PROGRESS AS OF June 26, 2005  1/
                                                                         
                                                                           
                    This   Last   Last   5-Yr.
ITEM                Week   Week   Year    Ave
  
                         Percent
Barley        
 boot                90     64     91      87
 headed              53     22     57      56
 turning color        1      0      2       3
Spring wheat 
 boot                94     73     97      90
 headed              62     25     78      66
 turning color        1      0      2       2
Oats          
 boot                90     70     92      87
 headed              49     27     66      62
 turning color        1      0      2       4
Corn        
 ave.height (in.)    18     12     17      17
 1st cult./sprayed   84     63     89      80
 2nd cult./sprayed   21      9     28      21
Sorghum       
 seeded              89     76     95      97
 emerged             71     48     73      25
Soybeans      
 planted             95     91    100     100
 emerged             89     77     97      97
 blooming             0     NA      0       3
Sunflower     
 seeded              88     64     93      96
Winter wheat
 headed              98     91     99      95
 turning color       31      6     34      34
 ripe                 0     NA      1       1
Alfalfa     
 1st cutting         56     29     62      74
 2nd cutting          1     NA     NA      NA
Other hay   
 cut                 25      9     21      30
1/ Percents represent all acreage in or beyond each stage.


	         TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
                  WEEK ENDING June 26, 2005
                                     

             TEMPERATURE       -----  PRECIPITATION -----     GDD BASE 50F
             -----------          SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  ------------
            CURRENT WEEK    CURR  JAN 1  APR 1  JAN 1  APR 1 SINCE APRIL 1
STATION     AVG DFN HI  LO  WEEK  TOTAL  TOTAL    DFN    DFN  TOTAL   DFN
-------     --  --  --  -- -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  ----
Bison       74  +7  94  56| 1.13   9.47   8.70  -0.16  +1.03|   700   +70
Buffalo     75  +9  99  57| 0.07   4.48   4.25  -3.14  -2.19|   715  +130
Dupree      75  +6  94  54| 0.42   9.97   8.85  +0.58  +1.15|   759   +45
McIntosh    74  +7  92  54| 0.18   7.89   7.11  -0.84  -0.15|   766  +102
Newell      74  +7  96  55| 2.48  11.56  10.65  +3.15  +3.74|   667   +55
Timber Lake 74  +6  90  55| 1.29  10.02   8.41  +0.25  +0.60|   746   +48
Aberdeen    75  +7  95  56| 0.22   8.51   7.28  -0.78  +0.17|   853  +130
Eureka      76  +9  94  56| 0.26   9.24   8.40  +0.63  +1.37|   837  +193
Faulkton    76  +8  94  59| 1.12  12.72  11.42  +3.03  +3.83|   808  +121
Mobridge    75  +7  94  56| 0.24  10.56   9.43  +1.28  +2.05|   794   +81
Roscoe      72  +5  93  53| 0.54  10.75   9.71  +0.83  +1.71|   685   -13
Britton     77  +9  96  55| 0.10   9.65   8.57  +0.27  +0.90|   930  +182
Clear Lake  74  +6  93  57| 0.02  13.89  11.69  +2.56  +3.27|   767   +37
Sisseton    74  +6  96  51| 0.03  12.00  10.57  +1.73  +2.73|   839   +62
Webster     75  +7  92  59| 0.05  12.47  11.58  +2.60  +4.00|   780   +63
Watertown   75  +7  94  58| 0.00  10.18   9.12  -0.65  +0.82|   822  +108
Faith       74  +5  94  56| 0.15   8.92   7.67  -0.49  +0.07|   697   -10
Milesville  76  +6  95  59| 0.60  13.56  11.93  +3.75  +4.04|   785    +9
Long Valley 77  +8  95  60| 0.23  14.01  12.18  +4.30  +4.34|   841   +84
Philip      77  +7  97  61| 0.00  10.97   9.94  +2.21  +2.82|   848   +52
Rapid City  76 +10  96  60| 0.02  10.21   7.90  +1.00  +0.63|   754  +155
Spearfish   76 +10  94  57| 0.31  10.64   8.75  -2.34  -1.44|   740  +177
Chamberlain 77  +6  95  61| 1.91  16.80  14.55  +7.52  +7.04|   840   -41
Highmore    77  +8  91  58| 0.43  10.27   9.25  +0.35  +1.40|   876  +108
Huron       77  +7  94  57| 0.35   9.88   9.08  -0.75  +1.20|   956  +185
Onida       77  +7  94  59| 0.29  10.07   9.27  +0.45  +1.98|   855   +56
Pierre      77  +7  95  60| 0.27   9.29   8.77  -0.78  +0.74|   858   +50
Brookings   75  +8  93  56| 1.76  13.15  11.50  +2.39  +2.72|   819  +174
Madison     75  +7  94  59| 1.09  12.78  10.96  +1.18  +2.47|   842  +122
Mitchell    76  +5  94  60| 1.32  16.22  14.10  +4.74  +5.25|   842   -36
Sioux Falls 76  +6  93  58| 0.41  14.98  12.11  +3.66  +3.58|   967  +166
Custer      70 +10  90  54| 0.08   9.15   7.84  -0.49  +0.08|   384   +52
Hot Springs 76  +8  95  56| 0.26  11.34   9.83  +2.98  +2.96|   723    +6
Oelrichs    75  +6  94  55| 1.37  13.26  12.15  +3.86  +4.67|   671   -61
Porcupine   77  +8  96  58| 0.00  12.65  10.78  +4.08  +3.69|   772   +68
Murdo       76  +7  94  60| 0.12  13.77  11.70  +3.77  +3.96|   802   +55
Winner      79  +7  95  62| 0.63  17.11  14.68  +4.69  +5.09|   963    +6
Armour      78  +6  95  61| 0.86  16.42  14.30  +4.65  +5.41|   987   +59
Centerville 77  +7  96  62| 1.58  17.01  14.45  +4.83  +5.05|   988  +132
Marion      76  +6  94  61| 1.48  16.66  14.37  +4.69  +5.39|   885   +75
Pickstown   78  +7  95  62| 1.54  16.39  14.00  +5.10  +5.20|   937   +67
Vermillion  80  +8  97  63| 3.75  18.89  16.21  +6.77  +6.72|  1154  +130
Yankton     78  +7  98  63| 0.75  17.89  14.89  +6.17  +5.68|  1001  +117
Source: National Weather Service, provided by AWIS, Inc.


Map of weather reporting stations


 
 
 

      
South Dakota county map showing topsoil moisture South Dakota county map showing subsoil moisture

Topsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers
Subsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers

 

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