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Released: July 5, 2005 -- 3:00 pm CST For Week Ending July 3, 2005 SD-CW2705 Volume 54 Issue 27

AGRICULTURAL SUMMARY:   Small grain development jumped considerably and row crop conditions improved as well due to the warm, dry weather, according to USDA's South Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service. Most of the state received little to no precipitation, although isolated heavy rains fell in some areas. Major farm activities included machinery repair, preparing for winter wheat harvest, planting of row crops, hay harvesting, fertilizing and applying herbicides, fixing fence, and tending to livestock. Statewide there were 5.4 days reported suitable for fieldwork. This report is based on information from county extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.

WEATHER INFORMATION:   Scattered showers were welcomed in the northwest and north central parts of the state last week, while very few stations across the state received more than an inch of rain. Some areas reported hail as well. The week's high temperature of 95 degrees was reported in Spearfish and Rapid City, while Porcupine reported the low of 41 degrees.

SOIL CONDITION:   Topsoil moisture conditions declined to 92 percent adequate to surplus, down 3 percent from the previous week. Subsoil levels remain unchanged at 89 percent adequate to surplus. Some areas in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the state are still reporting surplus moisture levels, while the northwestern areas are facing drought conditions.

FIELD CROPS REPORT:   Last week's dry, sunny conditions caused nearly all row crop and small grain conditions to improve. All crops are rated over 70 percent good to excellent condition. Producers finally completed planting soybeans last week. Soybean development is lagging, with only 3 percent blooming, compared to last year's 9 percent and the five-year average of 11 percent. Average corn height is 29 inches, four inches ahead of last year's 25 inches. Small grain development finally caught up to last year's and the five-year averages, with barley, oats, and spring wheat now at 90 percent, 87 percent, and 93 percent headed, respectively, compared to last week's 53 percent, 49 percent, and 62 percent. Seventy-seven percent of winter wheat has turned color and has barely started to ripen at 1 percent ripe.

LIVESTOCK, PASTURE, AND RANGE REPORT:   Scattered rains have kept most stock water supplies adequate and range and pasture conditions in mostly good to excellent condition. However, some areas are facing water shortages and farmers are already hauling water to cattle. Sheep and cattle remain in mostly good to excellent condition. First alfalfa harvesting is 84 percent complete, while the second harvest is just getting started at 7 percent. Some producers have reported worms and other bugs in the alfalfa.



          FEED AND WATER SUPPLIES COMPARISON
                 AS OF July 3, 2005 

       FEED SUPPLIES      STOCK WATER
        This  Last 5-Yr.   This  Last  5-Yr.
RATING   Week  Year  Ave.   Week  Year   Ave.

                       Percent
Very 
 Short      3    12    10      8     21   15
Short       4    15    16     13     22   18
Adeq.      85    68    69     65     53   61
Surplus     8     5     5     14      4    6

        SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION COMPARISON
                  AS OF July 3, 2005 

               TOPSOIL         SUBSOIL
         This   Last  Last  This   Last  Last
RATING   Week   Week  Year  Week   Week  Year
                       Percent
Very 
 Short      1     2     8      4      4    17
Short       7     3    16      7      7    21
Adeq.      72    77    69     71     72    58
Surplus    20    18     7     18     17     4


                        
          CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITIONS
              AS OF July 3, 2005 

ITEM        V POOR   POOR   FAIR   GOOD   EXCEL
                          Percent
Winter Wheat   1       5     19      56     19
Spring Wheat   1       2     13      62     22
Oats           0       1     12      71     16
Barley         0       1     12      72     15
Soybeans       1       3     17      58     21
Corn           1       2     13      58     26
Sorghum        0       0     19      66     15
Alfalfa        1       5     24      57     13
Cattle         0       0      6      68     26
Sheep          0       0      5      67     28
Range &                                        
  Pasture      1       2     17      59     21
                   


      CROP PROGRESS AS OF July 3, 2005  1/
                                                                         
                                                                           
                    This   Last   Last   5-Yr.
ITEM                Week   Week   Year    Ave
  
                         Percent
Barley        
 boot                99     90     98      96
 headed              90     53     73      75
 turning color       14      1      5      12
Spring wheat 
 boot                98     94    100      96
 headed              93     62     94      86
 turning color       10      1      8      12
Oats          
 boot                98     90     98      95
 headed              87     49     84      81
 turning color        9      1      8      16
Corn        
 ave.height (in.)    29     18     25      26
 1st cult./sprayed   95     84     97      91
 2nd cult./sprayed   44     21     51      43
Sorghum       
 seeded              96     89     99      99
 emerged             85     71     89      39
Soybeans      
 planted            100     95    100     100
 emerged             97     89    100     100
 blooming             3      0      9      11
Sunflower     
 seeded              95     88     99      99
Winter wheat
 turning color       77     31     72      65
 ripe                 1      0      3      10
 harvested            0      0      1       1
Alfalfa     
 1st cutting         84     56     77      86
 2nd cutting          7      1     10      10
Other hay   
 cut                 43     25     37      44
1/ Percents represent all acreage in or beyond each stage.



	         TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION
                  WEEK ENDING July 3, 2005
                                     

             TEMPERATURE       -----  PRECIPITATION -----     GDD BASE 50F
             -----------          SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  SINCE  ------------
            CURRENT WEEK    CURR  JAN 1  APR 1  JAN 1  APR 1 SINCE APRIL 1
STATION     AVG DFN HI  LO  WEEK  TOTAL  TOTAL    DFN    DFN  TOTAL   DFN
-------     --  --  --  -- -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  -----  ----
Bison       68  -3  89  50| 1.12  10.55   9.78  +0.30  +1.49|   829   +63
Buffalo     68  -1  92  51| 0.32   4.80   4.57  -3.38  -2.43|   845  +129
Dupree      69  -3  92  47| 1.18  11.15  10.03  +1.13  +1.70|   892   +30
McIntosh    68  -2  89  49| 1.44   9.33   8.55  -0.05  +0.64|   897   +94
Newell      68  -2  91  52| 0.56  12.02  11.11  +3.04  +3.63|   797   +48
Timber Lake 68  -3  89  48| 0.53  10.55   8.94  +0.16  +0.51|   871   +30
Aberdeen    71  +0  89  51| 3.56  12.07  10.84  +2.08  +3.03|   999  +133
Eureka      70  +1  87  49| 1.32  10.56   9.72  +1.28  +2.02|   978  +199
Faulkton    71  +1  91  51| 1.19  13.91  12.61  +3.57  +4.37|   957  +126
Mobridge    70  -1  90  47| 0.55  11.11   9.98  +1.23  +2.00|   936   +76
Roscoe      68  -3  87  50| 1.67  12.42  11.38  +1.73  +2.61|   809   -30
Britton     70  -2  85  53| 5.62  15.32  14.24  +5.19  +5.82|  1072  +180
Clear Lake  70  +0  86  54| 0.25  14.14  11.94  +1.97  +2.68|   908   +36
Sisseton    70  -1  86  53| 1.61  13.61  12.18  +2.67  +3.67|   985   +61
Webster     68  -2  84  54| 1.74  14.21  13.32  +3.57  +4.97|   906   +49
Watertown   72  +2  88  55| 0.44  10.62   9.56  -0.98  +0.49|   975  +118
Faith       69  -3  90  50| 0.74   9.66   8.41  -0.38  +0.18|   831   -24
Milesville  70  -3  94  49| 0.40  13.96  12.33  +3.55  +3.84|   927    -4
Long Valley 71  -2  91  49| 0.62  14.63  12.80  +4.17  +4.21|   991   +79
Philip      71  -2  93  48| 0.14  11.11  10.08  +1.71  +2.32|   997   +41
Rapid City  70  +1  95  49| 0.08  10.29   7.98  +0.48  +0.11|   896  +162
Spearfish   70  +3  95  51| 0.56  11.24   9.35  -2.47  -1.57|   888  +195
Chamberlain 72  -2  90  52| 0.63  17.43  15.18  +7.52  +7.04|   998   -51
Highmore    73  +2  90  50| 0.47  10.74   9.72  +0.06  +1.11|  1036  +115
Huron       75  +3  91  50| 0.05   9.93   9.13  -1.43  +0.52|  1129  +203
Onida       72  -2  91  49| 0.48  10.55   9.75  +0.25  +1.78|  1009   +52
Pierre      73  +0  94  49| 0.35   9.64   9.12  -1.19  +0.33|  1021   +51
Brookings   72  +3  88  53| 1.15  14.30  12.65  +2.59  +2.92|   974  +195
Madison     73  +3  87  55| 0.38  13.16  11.34  +0.76  +2.05|  1007  +145
Mitchell    73  -1  89  53| 0.83  17.05  14.93  +4.82  +5.33|  1005   -37
Sioux Falls 75  +4  89  54| 0.06  15.04  12.17  +3.00  +2.92|  1146  +189
Custer      63  -1  85  44| 0.07   9.22   7.91  -1.19  -0.62|   475   +49
Hot Springs 70  -2  94  49| 0.02  11.36   9.85  +2.34  +2.32|   862    -1
Oelrichs    68  -5  91  49| 0.00  13.26  12.15  +3.25  +4.06|   799   -85
Porcupine   67  -5  93  41| 0.54  13.19  11.32  +3.93  +3.54|   894   +38
Murdo       71  -2  90  54| 0.16  13.93  11.86  +3.24  +3.43|   950   +48
Winner      73  -2  90  51| 0.51  17.67  15.24  +4.41  +4.81|  1134    +4
Armour      75  +2  90  53| 0.25  16.67  14.55  +4.03  +4.79|  1165   +72
Centerville 74  +3  89  55| 1.02  18.03  15.47  +4.94  +5.16|  1160  +147
Marion      73  +2  89  54| 0.92  17.58  15.29  +4.80  +5.50|  1051   +86
Pickstown   74  +0  90  53| 0.13  16.52  14.13  +4.40  +4.50|  1104   +69
Vermillion  77  +3  92  60| 0.97  19.86  17.18  +6.91  +6.86|  1346  +150
Yankton     75  +3  93  56| 0.76  18.65  15.65  +6.08  +5.59|  1177  +130
Source: National Weather Service, provided by AWIS, Inc.


Map of weather reporting stations


 
 
 

      
South Dakota county map showing topsoil moisture South Dakota county map showing subsoil moisture

Topsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers
Subsoil image in 'TIF' format for publishers

 

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