Understanding Statistics

The Estimating Programs - Crops

The crop estimating program reports on farmers' planting intentions, estimates of acreage actually planted and expected to be harvested, and forecasts of yield and production during the growing season. After the crops have been harvested, estimates of harvested acreage, yield, and production are made. During the marketing year, on- and off-farm stocks estimates are determined for the major crops. Each January, NASS publishes two reports summarizing production and values for major crops over the past 3 years.

Through the mid-year and other quarterly probability surveys, information is collected on acreage, yield, production, and grain stocks on farms. Surveys conducted between quarters are used to gather information on crop conditions and yields; off-farm grain stocks are also measured.

Also See

Last Modified: 01/26/2018