News Release

Contact: Terry Matlock, (720) 787-3172

United States cattle inventory down 3%

WASHINGTON, July 21, 2023 – There were 95.9 million head of cattle and calves on U.S. farms as of July 1, 2023, according to the Cattle report published today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

Other key findings in the report were:

  • Of the 95.9 million head inventory, all cows and heifers that have calved totaled 38.8 million.
  • There are 29.4 million beef cows in the United States as of July 1, 2023, down 3% from last year.
  • The number of milk cows in the United States remained unchanged at 9.40 million.
  • U.S. calf crop was estimated at 33.8 million head, down 2% from 2022.
  • All cattle on feed were at 13.1 million head, down 2% from 2022.

To obtain an accurate measurement of the current state of the U.S. cattle industry, NASS surveyed roughly 15,600 operators across the nation during the first half of July. Surveyed producers were asked to report their cattle inventories as of July 1, 2023, and calf crop for the entire year of 2023 by internet, mail, telephone, or personal interview.

There will be a question and answer session during a live #StatChat on @usda_nass Twitter account today at 4 p.m. EDT to answer questions about the Cattle report. To ask a question, make sure to include #StatChat to any question you may have. The #StatChat is hosted bi-annually after each Cattle report is released.

The Cattle report and all other NASS reports are available online at


NASS is the federal statistical agency responsible for producing official data about U.S. agriculture and is committed to providing timely, accurate and useful statistics in service to U.S. agriculture.

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