2016 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 California
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Feb/21/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Pct of Ag Land100
Farm Operations - Operations, Measured in Pct of Farm Operations100
Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation331
Farm Operations - Number of Operations76,700
Farm Operations - Acres Operated25,400,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )655,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )1,755,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )5,150,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )430,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )3,400
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )87,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )41,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )600,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2016 )89,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head11,400,000

Milk Production

Milk, Skim, Unsweetened, Condensed, Bulk - Production, Measured in Plants10
Milk, Dry, Nonfat, Human - Production, Measured in Plants11
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head22,968
Milk, Skim, Unsweetened, Condensed, Bulk - Production, Measured in Lb424,688,000
Milk, Dry, Nonfat, Human - Production, Measured in Lb567,197,000
Milk - Production, Measured in $6,070,350,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb40,469,000,000
County outlines for CALIFORNIA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProduction or SalesPrice per UnitValue of Production or Sales in Dollars
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED6,726,000 TONS5,581,410,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING5,690,000 TONS708 $ / TON4,027,410,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET1,036,000 TONS1,500 $ / TON1,554,000,000
GRAPES841,0008 TONS / ACRE6,726,000 TONS830 $ / TON
ALMONDS
ALMONDS, UTILIZED, SHELLED2,280 LB / ACRE2,140,000,000 LB5,158,160,000
ALMONDS940,0002.44 $ / LB
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES38,50038,200760 CWT / ACRE29,032,000 CWT106 $ / CWT3,084,784,000
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET123 $ / CWT2,799,615,000
STRAWBERRIES, PROCESSING6,075,000 CWT45.9 $ / CWT285,169,000
STRAWBERRIES, UTILIZED28,973,900 CWT
PISTACHIOS
PISTACHIOS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL3,750 LB / ACRE896,500,000 LB1,506,120,000
PISTACHIOS239,0001.68 $ / LB
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN287,500285,300914 CWT / ACRE260,764,200 CWT1,310,483,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, PROCESSING262,000258,00049.02 TONS / ACRE12,647,000 TONS1,091,442,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, FRESH MARKET219,041,000
TOMATOES5.03 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING86.3 $ / TON
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET28 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, UTILIZED260,764,200 CWT
WALNUTS
WALNUTS, ENGLISH, UTILIZED, IN SHELL2.18 TONS / ACRE686,000 TONS1,241,660,000
WALNUTS, ENGLISH315,0001,810 $ / TON
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,440,0005.59 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS8,053,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,134,616,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)640,0004.23 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,707,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA85,000800,0006.68 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS5,346,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY1,220,0005.57 TONS / ACRE6,790,000 TONS149 $ / TON966,192,000
HAY, ALFALFA720,0007 TONS / ACRE5,040,000 TONS155 $ / TON771,120,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)500,0003.5 TONS / ACRE1,750,000 TONS128 $ / TON195,072,000
ORANGES
ORANGES157,000373 BOXES / ACRE14.12 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV826,294,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED2,340,000 TONS
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET44,800,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, PROCESSING13,700,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
BROCCOLI
BROCCOLI123,000122,000175 CWT / ACRE21,350,000 CWT36.3 $ / CWT774,390,000
BROCCOLI, FRESH MARKET36.8 $ / CWT751,898,000
BROCCOLI, PROCESSING490 $ / TON22,492,000
BROCCOLI, UTILIZED21,350,000 CWT
LETTUCE
LETTUCE, HEAD, FRESH MARKET23 $ / CWT757,965,000
LETTUCE, HEAD85,00084,500390 CWT / ACRE32,955,000 CWT23 $ / CWT757,965,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE67,90067,000320 CWT / ACRE21,440,000 CWT29.8 $ / CWT638,912,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE, FRESH MARKET29.8 $ / CWT638,912,000
LETTUCE, LEAF, FRESH MARKET42.8 $ / CWT467,975,000
LETTUCE, LEAF49,80049,700220 CWT / ACRE10,934,000 CWT42.8 $ / CWT467,975,000
LETTUCE, HEAD, UTILIZED32,955,000 CWT
LETTUCE, ROMAINE, UTILIZED21,440,000 CWT
LETTUCE, LEAF, UTILIZED10,934,000 CWT
CARROTS
CARROTS61,00060,000385 CWT / ACRE23,100,000 CWT31.3 $ / CWT722,395,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED23,100,000 CWT
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
RICE
RICE541,000536,0008,840 LB / ACRE47,394,000 CWT14.3 $ / CWT649,298,000
RASPBERRIES
RASPBERRIES, UTILIZED20,900 LB / ACRE215,000,000 LB380,447,000
RASPBERRIES, FRESH MARKET173,700,000 LB1.91 $ / LB331,713,000
RASPBERRIES, PROCESSING41,300,000 LB1.18 $ / LB48,734,000
RASPBERRIES10,300215,200,000 LB1.77 $ / LB
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED569,000 TONS350,285,000
PEACHES, PROCESSING428,000 TONS492 $ / TON210,695,000
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET141,000 TONS990 $ / TON139,590,000
PEACHES40,20014.2 TONS / ACRE569,000 TONS616 $ / TON
CAULIFLOWER
CAULIFLOWER35,50035,500180 CWT / ACRE6,390,000 CWT52.5 $ / CWT335,601,000
CAULIFLOWER, UTILIZED6,390,000 CWT
CAULIFLOWER, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CAULIFLOWER, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
GARLIC
GARLIC30,10030,100150 CWT / ACRE4,515,000 CWT74 $ / CWT333,905,000
GARLIC, FRESH MARKET184 $ / CWT273,314,000
GARLIC, PROCESSING400 $ / TON60,591,000
GARLIC, UTILIZED4,515,000 CWT
CELERY
CELERY28,80028,400580 CWT / ACRE16,472,000 CWT18.3 $ / CWT302,181,000
CELERY, UTILIZED16,472,000 CWT
CELERY, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CELERY, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
AVOCADOS
AVOCADOS51,0002.9 TONS / ACRE148,000 TONS2,010 $ / TON295,930,000
AVOCADOS, FRESH MARKET143,000 TONS2,030 $ / TON290,290,000
AVOCADOS, PROCESSING4,000 TONS1,410 $ / TON5,640,000
AVOCADOS, UTILIZED147,000 TONS
POTATOES
POTATOES33,90033,000403 CWT / ACRE13,305,000 CWT19.9 $ / CWT265,305,000
SPINACH
SPINACH35,80034,800130 CWT / ACRE4,524,000 CWT50.7 $ / CWT229,306,000
SPINACH, UTILIZED4,524,000 CWT
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SPINACH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL17,20017,100415 CWT / ACRE7,096,500 CWT31.9 $ / CWT226,411,000
PEPPERS, BELL, FRESH MARKET34.5 $ / CWT209,819,000
PEPPERS, CHILE6,8006,700455 CWT / ACRE3,048,500 CWT32.5 $ / CWT99,208,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, FRESH MARKET34.2 $ / CWT66,307,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, PROCESSING593 $ / TON32,901,000
PEPPERS, BELL, PROCESSING327 $ / TON16,592,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, UTILIZED3,048,500 CWT
PEPPERS, BELL, UTILIZED7,096,500 CWT
MUSHROOMS
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS6 LB / SQ FT109,951,000 LB1.86 $ / LB204,593,000
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED52,500 TONS184,490,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, FRESH MARKET47,400 TONS3,810 $ / TON180,594,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, PROCESSING5,100 TONS764 $ / TON3,896,000
CHERRIES, SWEET33,0001.67 TONS / ACRE55,000 TONS3,510 $ / TON
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET27.6 $ / CWT163,751,000
SWEET CORN35,00034,900170 CWT / ACRE5,933,000 CWT27.6 $ / CWT163,751,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED5,933,000 CWT
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET27.6 $ / CWT158,976,000
CABBAGE14,60014,400400 CWT / ACRE5,760,000 CWT27.6 $ / CWT158,976,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED5,760,000 CWT
SWEET POTATOES
SWEET POTATOES20,00020,000310 CWT / ACRE6,200,000 CWT23.1 $ / CWT151,280,000
MELONS
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET16.1 $ / CWT142,485,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP30,00029,500300 CWT / ACRE8,850,000 CWT16.1 $ / CWT142,485,000
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET18.2 $ / CWT116,953,000
MELONS, WATERMELON12,50011,900540 CWT / ACRE6,426,000 CWT18.2 $ / CWT116,953,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW12,10012,100325 CWT / ACRE3,932,500 CWT19.1 $ / CWT75,111,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW, FRESH MARKET19.1 $ / CWT75,111,000
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED6,426,000 CWT
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED8,850,000 CWT
MELONS, HONEYDEW, UTILIZED3,932,500 CWT
OLIVES
OLIVES, UTILIZED159,600 TONS138,090,000
OLIVES, PROCESSING159,600 TONS865 $ / TON138,090,000
OLIVES35,0004.56 TONS / ACRE159,600 TONS865 $ / TON
NECTARINES
NECTARINES, UTILIZED158,100 TONS137,418,000
NECTARINES19,0008.32 TONS / ACRE158,150 TONS869 $ / TON
NECTARINES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
NECTARINES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PLUMS
PLUMS18,7007.25 TONS / ACRE135,500 TONS813 $ / TON109,354,000
PLUMS, UTILIZED134,500 TONS
PLUMS, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PLUMS, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
BLUEBERRIES
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, UTILIZED9,330 LB / ACRE59,700,000 LB108,765,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME6,40060,500,000 LB1.82 $ / LB
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND63,00062,0001,897 LB / ACRE245,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB103,200,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED281,000 TONS276 $ / TON76,175,000
COTTON218,000216,0001,660 LB / ACRE747,000 480 LB BALES
COTTON, PIMA155,000154,0001,565 LB / ACRE502,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
PEARS
PEARS, UTILIZED175,000 TONS93,585,000
PEARS, FRESH MARKET63,000 TONS675 $ / TON42,534,000
PEARS11,10015.8 TONS / ACRE175,000 TONS535 $ / TON
PEARS, PROCESSING112,000 TONS456 $ / TON
WHEAT
WHEAT480,000217,00079.7 BU / ACRE17,302,000 BU5.07 $ / BU89,226,000
WHEAT, WINTER425,000170,00078 BU / ACRE13,260,000 BU4.85 $ / BU64,974,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM55,00047,00086 BU / ACRE4,042,000 BU5.96 $ / BU24,252,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN100,000185 BU / ACRE18,500,000 BU4.69 $ / BU88,800,000
CORN, SILAGE315,00026.5 TONS / ACRE8,348,000 TONS
CORN420,000
PRUNES
PRUNES, PROCESSING54,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,600 $ / TON86,400,000
PRUNES45,0001.2 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS54,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,600 $ / TON, DRY BASIS86,400,000
PRUNES, UTILIZED54,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
ARTICHOKES
ARTICHOKES6,8006,800145 CWT / ACRE986,000 CWT78.8 $ / CWT77,697,000
ARTICHOKES, FRESH MARKET78.8 $ / CWT77,697,000
ARTICHOKES, UTILIZED986,000 CWT
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE50,00049,0002,330 LB / ACRE1,141,000 CWT63.1 $ / CWT70,286,000
BEANS, SNAP7,0007,000120 CWT / ACRE840,000 CWT68.7 $ / CWT57,689,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED840,000 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT9,500400 BOXES / ACRE17.81 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV67,664,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED152,000 TONS
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET3,160,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING640,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED250,000,000 LB54,013,000
APPLES12,50020,100 LB / ACRE251,000,000 LB0.216 $ / LB
APPLES, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
APPLES, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / TON(D)
APRICOTS
APRICOTS, UTILIZED55,950 TONS48,929,000
APRICOTS, FRESH MARKET22,000 TONS1,200 $ / TON26,400,000
APRICOTS, PROCESSING33,950 TONS664 $ / TON22,529,000
APRICOTS8,5006.59 TONS / ACRE56,000 TONS875 $ / TON
DATES
DATES, UTILIZED31,100 TONS46,650,000
DATES, FRESH MARKET31,100 TONS1,500 $ / TON46,650,000
DATES10,2003.05 TONS / ACRE31,100 TONS1,500 $ / TON
KIWIFRUIT
KIWIFRUIT, UTILIZED28,300 TONS44,431,000
KIWIFRUIT, FRESH MARKET28,300 TONS1,570 $ / TON44,431,000
KIWIFRUIT3,7007.65 TONS / ACRE28,300 TONS1,570 $ / TON
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS9,0009,000180 CWT / ACRE1,620,000 CWT22.7 $ / CWT36,741,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED1,620,000 CWT
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER62,00061,5002,200 LB / ACRE135,300,000 LB22 $ / CWT29,766,000
FIGS
FIGS, UTILIZED31,600 TONS29,230,000
FIGS, PROCESSING26,700 TONS629 $ / TON16,784,000
FIGS, FRESH MARKET4,900 TONS2,540 $ / TON12,446,000
FIGS6,1005.18 TONS / ACRE31,600 TONS925 $ / TON
SQUASH
SQUASH5,1005,000200 CWT / ACRE1,000,000 CWT28.1 $ / CWT28,074,000
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET29.8 $ / CWT27,297,000
SQUASH, PROCESSING185 $ / TON777,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED1,000,000 CWT
ASPARAGUS
ASPARAGUS9,4009,00024 CWT / ACRE216,000 CWT128 $ / CWT27,648,000
ASPARAGUS, FRESH MARKET128 $ / CWT27,648,000
ASPARAGUS, UTILIZED216,000 CWT
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS5,1005,000270 CWT / ACRE1,350,000 CWT18.5 $ / CWT24,975,000
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET18.5 $ / CWT24,975,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED1,350,000 CWT
BARLEY
BARLEY85,00060,00075 BU / ACRE4,500,000 BU4.3 $ / BU17,531,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL1,800 LB / ACRE5,770,000 LB14,656,000
PECANS3,2002.54 $ / LB
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER46,60046,0001,345 LB / ACRE61,875,000 LB23 $ / CWT14,249,000
MINT
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL2,00086 LB / ACRE172,000 LB23 $ / LB3,956,000
OATS
OATS110,00011,00065 BU / ACRE715,000 BU3.8 $ / BU2,717,000
TANGERINES
TANGERINES, UTILIZED864,000 TONS
TANGERINES, FRESH MARKET14,500,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
TANGERINES57,000381 BOXES / ACRE(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
TANGERINES, PROCESSING7,200,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
LEMONS
LEMONS, UTILIZED836,000 TONS
LEMONS, FRESH MARKET16,000,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
LEMONS47,000447 BOXES / ACRE(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
LEMONS, PROCESSING5,000,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS25,30025,20045.1 TONS / ACRE1,137,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE260,0009.83 TONS / ACRE2,556,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA100,0006.2 TONS / ACRE620,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)160,00012.1 TONS / ACRE1,936,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: California

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold42,627,472150
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 30,366,898150
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products12,260,574350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,727,7081950
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed655,094317
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes6,327,838150
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries17,638,972150
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod2,547,307150
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,7061849
Other crops and hay1,467,274150
Poultry and eggs1,663,919750
Cattle and calves3,259,325750
Milk from cows6,945,102150
Hogs and pigs51,5262450
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk108,136250
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys62,241450
Aquaculture103,016550
Other animals and other animal products67,309450
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,670,0271350
Vegetables harvested, all1,175,249150
Grapes940,177150
Almonds935,804128
Rice561,968210
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens42,268,4821250
Layers19,000,779650
Cattle and calves5,370,531450
Pullets for laying flock replacement4,633,5581050
Turkeys4,532,307850

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,396
   $1,000 to $2,4994,590
   $2,500 to $4,9995,736
   $5,000 to $9,9997,718
   $10,000 to $19,9997,455
   $20,000 to $24,9992,682
   $25,000 to $39,9994,780
   $40,000 to $49,9992,263
   $50,000 to $99,9996,679
   $100,000 to $249,9996,922
   $250,000 to $499,9994,117
   $500,000 or more9,519
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)35,455,667
   Average per farm ($)455,395
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)8,523,285
   Average per farm ($)109,474
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming42,469
   Other35,388
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male63,873
   Female13,984
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,761
   Asian7,474
   Black or African American526
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander455
   White111,141
   More than one race1,030
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 215,123

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.