2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 California
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/22/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation350
Farm Operations - Number of Operations69,400
Farm Operations - Acres Operated24,300,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )650,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )1,730,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )5,150,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )535,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )3,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )90,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )42,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )550,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )101,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head11,000,000

Milk Production

Milk, Skim, Unsweetened, Condensed, Bulk - Production, Measured in Plants10
Milk, Dry, Nonfat, Human - Production, Measured in Plants12
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head23,306
Milk, Skim, Unsweetened, Condensed, Bulk - Production, Measured in Lb289,208,000
Milk, Dry, Nonfat, Human - Production, Measured in Lb587,059,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb40,413,000,000
County outlines for CALIFORNIA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES35,90035,800720 CWT / ACRE25,776,000 CWT90.9 $ / CWT2,340,315,000
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET104 $ / CWT2,109,713,000
STRAWBERRIES, PROCESSING730 $ / TON230,602,000
STRAWBERRIES, UTILIZED25,750,200 CWT
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,180,0005.98 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS7,053,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,292,646,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)510,0004.96 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,530,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA95,000670,0006.75 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,523,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN266,000260,600980 CWT / ACRE255,388,000 CWT1,197,642,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, PROCESSING970,449,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, FRESH MARKET227,193,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, UTILIZED253,855,700 CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING79 $ / TON
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET27.8 $ / CWT
TOMATOES4.72 $ / CWT
ORANGES
ORANGES147,000309 BOXES / ACRE24.7 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV1,121,566,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED1,816,000 TONS
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
HAY
HAY980,0005.8 TONS / ACRE5,682,000 TONS191 $ / TON1,076,226,000
HAY, ALFALFA620,0006.9 TONS / ACRE4,278,000 TONS203 $ / TON868,434,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)360,0003.9 TONS / ACRE1,404,000 TONS148 $ / TON207,792,000
LETTUCE
LETTUCE, HEAD82,00081,700350 CWT / ACRE28,595,000 CWT26.8 $ / CWT766,346,000
LETTUCE, HEAD, FRESH MARKET26.8 $ / CWT766,346,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE, FRESH MARKET28.2 $ / CWT568,298,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE74,50072,700280 CWT / ACRE20,356,000 CWT28.2 $ / CWT568,298,000
LETTUCE, LEAF60,00059,500150 CWT / ACRE8,925,000 CWT53.8 $ / CWT480,165,000
LETTUCE, LEAF, FRESH MARKET53.8 $ / CWT480,165,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE, UTILIZED20,152,400 CWT
LETTUCE, LEAF, UTILIZED8,925,000 CWT
LETTUCE, HEAD, UTILIZED28,595,000 CWT
RICE
RICE506,000504,0008,620 LB / ACRE43,425,000 CWT17.5 $ / CWT759,938,000
CARROTS
CARROTS64,80064,300400 CWT / ACRE25,720,000 CWT26.8 $ / CWT686,189,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED25,642,800 CWT
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
LEMONS
LEMONS47,000451 BOXES / ACRE32.15 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV681,564,000
LEMONS, UTILIZED848,000 TONS
LEMONS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
LEMONS, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
BROCCOLI
BROCCOLI104,000103,000155 CWT / ACRE15,965,000 CWT42.6 $ / CWT679,405,000
BROCCOLI, FRESH MARKET42.9 $ / CWT663,667,000
BROCCOLI, PROCESSING636 $ / TON15,738,000
BROCCOLI, UTILIZED15,965,000 CWT
TANGERINES
TANGERINES62,000310 BOXES / ACRE28.96 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV556,024,000
TANGERINES, UTILIZED768,000 TONS
TANGERINES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
TANGERINES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GARLIC
GARLIC33,00032,800175 CWT / ACRE5,740,000 CWT78.9 $ / CWT452,599,000
GARLIC, FRESH MARKET190 $ / CWT381,710,000
GARLIC, PROCESSING380 $ / TON70,889,000
GARLIC, UTILIZED5,740,000 CWT
CELERY
CELERY28,40028,300590 CWT / ACRE16,697,000 CWT25.5 $ / CWT424,542,000
CELERY, UTILIZED16,680,300 CWT
CELERY, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CELERY, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CAULIFLOWER
CAULIFLOWER38,00037,800215 CWT / ACRE8,127,000 CWT42.6 $ / CWT345,611,000
CAULIFLOWER, UTILIZED8,118,900 CWT
CAULIFLOWER, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CAULIFLOWER, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SPINACH
SPINACH44,90044,200125 CWT / ACRE5,525,000 CWT57.3 $ / CWT316,699,000
SPINACH, UTILIZED5,525,000 CWT
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SPINACH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
POTATOES
POTATOES38,50038,500402 CWT / ACRE15,470,000 CWT14.5 $ / CWT224,497,000
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL13,60013,500450 CWT / ACRE6,075,000 CWT34.6 $ / CWT210,007,000
PEPPERS, BELL, FRESH MARKET39.2 $ / CWT189,559,000
PEPPERS, CHILE2,7002,700385 CWT / ACRE1,039,500 CWT28.3 $ / CWT29,468,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, PROCESSING500 $ / TON21,310,000
PEPPERS, BELL, PROCESSING330 $ / TON20,448,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, FRESH MARKET43.6 $ / CWT8,158,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, UTILIZED1,039,500 CWT
PEPPERS, BELL, UTILIZED6,075,000 CWT
SWEET POTATOES
SWEET POTATOES21,00021,000370 CWT / ACRE7,770,000 CWT25.6 $ / CWT198,912,000
MELONS
MELONS, CANTALOUP32,00031,500265 CWT / ACRE8,347,500 CWT22.5 $ / CWT187,819,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET22.5 $ / CWT187,819,000
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET18.2 $ / CWT116,369,000
MELONS, WATERMELON12,00011,900540 CWT / ACRE6,426,000 CWT18.2 $ / CWT116,369,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW, FRESH MARKET19.6 $ / CWT90,532,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW14,90014,900310 CWT / ACRE4,619,000 CWT19.6 $ / CWT90,532,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED8,347,500 CWT
MELONS, HONEYDEW, UTILIZED4,619,000 CWT
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED6,393,900 CWT
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET37.6 $ / CWT181,533,000
CABBAGE14,70014,200340 CWT / ACRE4,828,000 CWT37.6 $ / CWT181,533,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED4,828,000 CWT
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN33,00032,800180 CWT / ACRE5,904,000 CWT28.9 $ / CWT170,626,000
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET28.9 $ / CWT170,626,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED5,904,000 CWT
COTTON
COTTON, COTTONSEED342,000 TONS264 $ / TON89,496,000
COTTON259,000257,0001,707 LB / ACRE914,000 480 LB BALES
COTTON, PIMA211,000210,0001,662 LB / ACRE727,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
COTTON, UPLAND48,00047,0001,910 LB / ACRE187,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT9,300430 BOXES / ACRE19.72 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV78,872,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED160,000 TONS
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
WHEAT
WHEAT420,000143,00081.2 BU / ACRE11,605,000 BU6.3 $ / BU72,892,000
WHEAT, WINTER380,000110,00077 BU / ACRE8,470,000 BU6.2 $ / BU52,514,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM40,00033,00095 BU / ACRE3,135,000 BU6.5 $ / BU20,378,000
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP8,0007,900115 CWT / ACRE908,500 CWT76 $ / CWT69,008,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED908,500 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
ARTICHOKES
ARTICHOKES6,9006,900145 CWT / ACRE1,000,500 CWT63 $ / CWT63,032,000
ARTICHOKES, FRESH MARKET63 $ / CWT63,032,000
ARTICHOKES, UTILIZED1,000,500 CWT
CORN
CORN, GRAIN65,000173 BU / ACRE11,245,000 BU4.2 $ / BU47,229,000
CORN, SILAGE360,00027.5 TONS / ACRE9,900,000 TONS
CORN430,000
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS8,1008,100205 CWT / ACRE1,660,500 CWT26.3 $ / CWT43,649,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET45.6 $ / CWT23,397,000
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING353 $ / TON20,252,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED1,660,500 CWT
SQUASH
SQUASH6,9006,700155 CWT / ACRE1,038,500 CWT32 $ / CWT30,973,000
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET33.2 $ / CWT29,375,000
SQUASH, PROCESSING380 $ / TON1,598,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED968,900 CWT
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER60,00059,5002,400 LB / ACRE142,800,000 LB21 $ / CWT29,988,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS5,0004,900275 CWT / ACRE1,347,500 CWT20.6 $ / CWT27,592,000
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET20.6 $ / CWT27,592,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED1,339,400 CWT
ASPARAGUS
ASPARAGUS6,2006,00030 CWT / ACRE180,000 CWT149 $ / CWT26,552,000
ASPARAGUS, FRESH MARKET149 $ / CWT26,552,000
ASPARAGUS, UTILIZED178,200 CWT
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER60,00059,0001,297 LB / ACRE76,500,000 LB25 $ / CWT19,101,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL9,660,000
PECANS3,5001,380 LB / ACRE2 $ / LB
BARLEY
BARLEY65,00026,00069 BU / ACRE1,794,000 BU4.9 $ / BU8,791,000
OATS
OATS110,0006,00070 BU / ACRE420,000 BU3.3 $ / BU1,386,000
PEACHES
PEACHES510,000 TONS
ALMONDS
ALMONDS, UTILIZED, SHELLED2,280,000,000 LB
MUSHROOMS
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, PROCESSING(D) $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS5.48 LB / SQ FT2.05 $ / LB
GRAPES
GRAPES6,750,000 TONS
APRICOTS
APRICOTS34,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE250,00011.1 TONS / ACRE2,774,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)170,00013.4 TONS / ACRE2,278,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA80,0006.2 TONS / ACRE496,000 TONS
APPLES
APPLES260,000,000 LB
CHICKPEAS
CHICKPEAS15,10015,0002,770 LB / ACRE416,000 CWT
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS24,60024,60044.4 TONS / ACRE1,092,000 TONS
PEARS
PEARS159,300 TONS
PRUNES
PRUNES80,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET36,000 TONS
MINT
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL1,60085 LB / ACRE136,000 LB(D) $ / LB(D)
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: California
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold42,627,472150
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 30,366,898150
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products12,260,574350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,727,7081950
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed655,094317
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes6,327,838150
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries17,638,972150
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod2,547,307150
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,7061849
Other crops and hay1,467,274150
Poultry and eggs1,663,919750
Cattle and calves3,259,325750
Milk from cows6,945,102150
Hogs and pigs51,5262450
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk108,136250
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys62,241450
Aquaculture103,016550
Other animals and other animal products67,309450
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,670,0271350
Vegetables harvested, all1,175,249150
Grapes940,177150
Almonds935,804128
Rice561,968210
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens42,268,4821250
Layers19,000,779650
Cattle and calves5,370,531450
Pullets for laying flock replacement4,633,5581050
Turkeys4,532,307850
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,396
   $1,000 to $2,4994,590
   $2,500 to $4,9995,736
   $5,000 to $9,9997,718
   $10,000 to $19,9997,455
   $20,000 to $24,9992,682
   $25,000 to $39,9994,780
   $40,000 to $49,9992,263
   $50,000 to $99,9996,679
   $100,000 to $249,9996,922
   $250,000 to $499,9994,117
   $500,000 or more9,519
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)35,455,667
   Average per farm ($)455,395
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)8,523,285
   Average per farm ($)109,474
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming42,469
   Other35,388
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male63,873
   Female13,984
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,761
   Asian7,474
   Black or African American526
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander455
   White111,141
   More than one race1,030
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 215,123
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.