2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 California
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Dec/12/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation328
Farm Operations - Number of Operations77,100
Farm Operations - Acres Operated25,300,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )660,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )1,740,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )5,200,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )490,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )3,500
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )80,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )40,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )570,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2017 )95,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head11,500,000

Milk Production

Milk, Skim, Unsweetened, Condensed, Bulk - Production, Measured in Plants9
Milk, Dry, Nonfat, Human - Production, Measured in Plants11
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head22,755
Milk, Skim, Unsweetened, Condensed, Bulk - Production, Measured in Lb308,168,000
Milk, Dry, Nonfat, Human - Production, Measured in Lb562,017,000
Milk - Production, Measured in $6,566,670,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb39,798,000,000
County outlines for CALIFORNIA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED5,793,217,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING5,455,000 TONS774 $ / TON4,221,907,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET1,027,000 TONS1,530 $ / TON1,571,310,000
GRAPES829,0007.82 TONS / ACRE6,482,000 TONS894 $ / TON
ALMONDS
ALMONDS, UTILIZED, SHELLED2,270 LB / ACRE2,270,000,000 LB5,603,950,000
ALMONDS1,000,0002.53 $ / LB
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES39,00038,200765 CWT / ACRE29,223,000 CWT106 $ / CWT3,100,215,000
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET123 $ / CWT2,925,863,000
STRAWBERRIES, PROCESSING645 $ / TON174,352,000
STRAWBERRIES, UTILIZED29,193,800 CWT
WALNUTS
WALNUTS, ENGLISH, UTILIZED, IN SHELL1.88 TONS / ACRE630,000 TONS1,593,900,000
WALNUTS, ENGLISH335,0002,530 $ / TON
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,320,0005.72 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS7,550,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,202,931,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)620,0004.65 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,884,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA100,000700,0006.67 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,666,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN254,800246,400895 CWT / ACRE220,528,000 CWT1,054,001,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, PROCESSING230,000222,00047.14 TONS / ACRE10,464,054 TONS847,588,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, FRESH MARKET206,413,000
TOMATOES4.88 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, UTILIZED215,896,900 CWT
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET31.2 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING81 $ / TON
PISTACHIOS
PISTACHIOS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL2,400 LB / ACRE600,300,000 LB1,014,507,000
PISTACHIOS250,0001.69 $ / LB
LETTUCE
LETTUCE, HEAD, FRESH MARKET32.6 $ / CWT993,567,000
LETTUCE, HEAD84,00083,500365 CWT / ACRE30,477,500 CWT32.6 $ / CWT993,567,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE, FRESH MARKET41.2 $ / CWT886,212,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE72,10071,700300 CWT / ACRE21,510,000 CWT41.2 $ / CWT886,212,000
LETTUCE, LEAF45,00044,500200 CWT / ACRE8,900,000 CWT60.1 $ / CWT534,890,000
LETTUCE, LEAF, FRESH MARKET60.1 $ / CWT534,890,000
LETTUCE, ROMAINE, UTILIZED21,510,000 CWT
LETTUCE, LEAF, UTILIZED8,900,000 CWT
LETTUCE, HEAD, UTILIZED30,477,500 CWT
HAY
HAY1,100,0005.48 TONS / ACRE6,028,000 TONS168 $ / TON991,760,000
HAY, ALFALFA660,0006.8 TONS / ACRE4,488,000 TONS178 $ / TON785,400,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)440,0003.5 TONS / ACRE1,540,000 TONS135 $ / TON206,360,000
ORANGES
ORANGES152,000318 BOXES / ACRE18.39 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV888,331,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED1,932,000 TONS
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
BROCCOLI
BROCCOLI120,000119,000160 CWT / ACRE19,040,000 CWT44.7 $ / CWT850,183,000
BROCCOLI, FRESH MARKET45.3 $ / CWT840,949,000
BROCCOLI, PROCESSING388 $ / TON9,234,000
BROCCOLI, UTILIZED19,040,000 CWT
LEMONS
LEMONS47,000436 BOXES / ACRE35.01 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV717,746,000
LEMONS, UTILIZED820,000 TONS
LEMONS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
LEMONS, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
CARROTS
CARROTS62,50058,500370 CWT / ACRE21,645,000 CWT29.4 $ / CWT635,624,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED21,645,000 CWT
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
RICE
RICE445,000443,0008,410 LB / ACRE37,277,000 CWT16.4 $ / CWT611,343,000
TANGERINES
TANGERINES59,000403 BOXES / ACRE22.35 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV532,038,000
TANGERINES, UTILIZED956,000 TONS
TANGERINES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
TANGERINES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
RASPBERRIES
RASPBERRIES, UTILIZED16,600 LB / ACRE149,970,000 LB452,533,000
RASPBERRIES, FRESH MARKET134,960,000 LB2.99 $ / LB403,312,000
RASPBERRIES, PROCESSING15,010,000 LB3.28 $ / LB49,221,000
RASPBERRIES9,030150,460,000 LB3.02 $ / LB
GARLIC
GARLIC33,00033,000155 CWT / ACRE5,115,000 CWT76.3 $ / CWT390,021,000
GARLIC, FRESH MARKET184 $ / CWT322,810,000
GARLIC, PROCESSING400 $ / TON67,211,000
GARLIC, UTILIZED5,115,000 CWT
AVOCADOS
AVOCADOS50,7002.54 TONS / ACRE129,000 TONS3,000 $ / TON383,370,000
AVOCADOS, FRESH MARKET127,000 TONS3,010 $ / TON382,270,000
AVOCADOS, PROCESSING1,000 TONS1,100 $ / TON1,100,000
AVOCADOS, UTILIZED128,000 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED538,000 TONS371,571,000
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET173,000 TONS1,180 $ / TON204,140,000
PEACHES, PROCESSING365,000 TONS459 $ / TON167,431,000
PEACHES38,30014.1 TONS / ACRE541,000 TONS691 $ / TON
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED95,000 TONS330,773,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, FRESH MARKET86,600 TONS3,750 $ / TON324,750,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, PROCESSING8,400 TONS717 $ / TON6,023,000
CHERRIES, SWEET33,0002.96 TONS / ACRE97,800 TONS3,480 $ / TON
POTATOES
POTATOES37,20037,200428.4 CWT / ACRE15,936,000 CWT20.7 $ / CWT329,663,000
CAULIFLOWER
CAULIFLOWER37,80037,000200 CWT / ACRE7,400,000 CWT41.2 $ / CWT304,107,000
CAULIFLOWER, FRESH MARKET42 $ / CWT295,882,000
CAULIFLOWER, PROCESSING494 $ / TON8,225,000
CAULIFLOWER, UTILIZED7,377,800 CWT
CELERY
CELERY23,70023,500625 CWT / ACRE14,687,500 CWT20.6 $ / CWT302,067,000
CELERY, UTILIZED14,643,400 CWT
CELERY, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CELERY, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL16,00015,900420 CWT / ACRE6,678,000 CWT43.4 $ / CWT282,452,000
PEPPERS, BELL, FRESH MARKET54.5 $ / CWT244,209,000
PEPPERS, CHILE7,1007,000390 CWT / ACRE2,730,000 CWT31.5 $ / CWT85,859,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, PROCESSING584 $ / TON67,759,000
PEPPERS, BELL, PROCESSING378 $ / TON38,243,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, FRESH MARKET44.2 $ / CWT18,100,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, UTILIZED2,730,000 CWT
PEPPERS, BELL, UTILIZED6,504,400 CWT
SPINACH
SPINACH33,50032,700110 CWT / ACRE3,597,000 CWT67.2 $ / CWT241,589,000
SPINACH, UTILIZED3,597,000 CWT
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SPINACH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET30.8 $ / CWT213,013,000
SWEET CORN37,00036,400190 CWT / ACRE6,916,000 CWT30.8 $ / CWT213,013,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED6,916,000 CWT
PRUNES
PRUNES, PROCESSING105,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,970 $ / TON206,850,000
PRUNES45,0002.33 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS105,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,970 $ / TON, DRY BASIS206,850,000
PRUNES, UTILIZED105,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
OLIVES
OLIVES, PROCESSING191,700 TONS974 $ / TON186,649,000
OLIVES, UTILIZED191,700 TONS186,649,000
OLIVES, FRESH MARKET(X) $ / TON
OLIVES36,0005.34 TONS / ACRE192,300 TONS974 $ / TON
CABBAGE
CABBAGE14,90014,500380 CWT / ACRE5,510,000 CWT28.8 $ / CWT158,625,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED5,510,000 CWT
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CABBAGE, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SWEET POTATOES
SWEET POTATOES21,00021,000310 CWT / ACRE6,510,000 CWT23.6 $ / CWT146,475,000
PLUMS
PLUMS18,0007.83 TONS / ACRE141,000 TONS1,010 $ / TON138,690,000
PLUMS, UTILIZED138,000 TONS
PLUMS, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PLUMS, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET19 $ / CWT138,383,000
MELONS, WATERMELON12,70012,500585 CWT / ACRE7,312,500 CWT19 $ / CWT138,383,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP29,70029,700275 CWT / ACRE8,167,500 CWT16.5 $ / CWT134,764,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET16.5 $ / CWT134,764,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW11,60011,600290 CWT / ACRE3,364,000 CWT28 $ / CWT94,192,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW, FRESH MARKET28 $ / CWT94,192,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED8,167,500 CWT
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED7,283,300 CWT
MELONS, HONEYDEW, UTILIZED3,364,000 CWT
BLUEBERRIES
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, UTILIZED9,480 LB / ACRE62,600,000 LB137,596,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME6,60063,030,000 LB2.2 $ / LB
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
NECTARINES
NECTARINES, UTILIZED147,000 TONS133,089,000
NECTARINES18,0008.22 TONS / ACRE148,000 TONS905 $ / TON
NECTARINES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
NECTARINES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
DATES
DATES, UTILIZED34,750 TONS98,824,000
DATES9,9003.54 TONS / ACRE35,000 TONS2,840 $ / TON
DATES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
DATES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PEARS
PEARS, UTILIZED192,000 TONS96,201,000
PEARS, FRESH MARKET65,000 TONS677 $ / TON43,998,000
PEARS, PROCESSING127,000 TONS411 $ / TON
PEARS11,20017.4 TONS / ACRE195,000 TONS501 $ / TON
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT9,400468 BOXES / ACRE19.01 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV83,647,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED176,000 TONS
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
COTTON
COTTON, COTTONSEED323,000 TONS226 $ / TON80,688,000
COTTON304,000302,0001,375 LB / ACRE865,000 480 LB BALES
COTTON, UPLAND88,00087,0001,297 LB / ACRE235,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
COTTON, PIMA216,000215,0001,407 LB / ACRE630,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED220,000,000 LB71,480,000
APPLES13,50016,700 LB / ACRE225,000,000 LB0.325 $ / LB
APPLES, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
APPLES, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / TON(D)
WHEAT
WHEAT420,000182,00068.2 BU / ACRE12,404,000 BU5.42 $ / BU67,854,000
WHEAT, WINTER385,000155,00064 BU / ACRE9,920,000 BU5.19 $ / BU51,584,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM35,00027,00092 BU / ACRE2,484,000 BU6.54 $ / BU16,270,000
ARTICHOKES
ARTICHOKES, FRESH MARKET70 $ / CWT65,520,000
ARTICHOKES7,2007,200130 CWT / ACRE936,000 CWT70 $ / CWT65,520,000
ARTICHOKES, UTILIZED936,000 CWT
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE50,00049,7002,100 LB / ACRE1,045,000 CWT61.2 $ / CWT63,641,000
BEANS, SNAP8,0007,900105 CWT / ACRE829,500 CWT69.7 $ / CWT57,722,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED827,800 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CORN
CORN, GRAIN80,000167 BU / ACRE13,360,000 BU4.2 $ / BU56,112,000
CORN, SILAGE345,00026.5 TONS / ACRE9,143,000 TONS
CORN430,000
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS9,4009,400175 CWT / ACRE1,645,000 CWT24.7 $ / CWT40,680,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED1,645,000 CWT
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
APRICOTS
APRICOTS, UTILIZED36,900 TONS34,870,000
APRICOTS8,8004.2 TONS / ACRE37,000 TONS945 $ / TON
APRICOTS, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
APRICOTS, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
KIWIFRUIT
KIWIFRUIT, FRESH MARKET33,200 TONS1,050 $ / TON34,860,000
KIWIFRUIT, UTILIZED33,200 TONS34,860,000
KIWIFRUIT4,4007.64 TONS / ACRE33,600 TONS1,050 $ / TON
SQUASH
SQUASH5,0004,900170 CWT / ACRE833,000 CWT34.9 $ / CWT28,648,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED819,700 CWT
SQUASH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
FIGS
FIGS, UTILIZED31,200 TONS28,568,000
FIGS, FRESH MARKET3,900 TONS3,840 $ / TON14,976,000
FIGS, PROCESSING27,300 TONS498 $ / TON13,592,000
FIGS6,4004.88 TONS / ACRE31,200 TONS916 $ / TON
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS5,3005,200330 CWT / ACRE1,716,000 CWT14.3 $ / CWT24,514,000
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET14.3 $ / CWT24,514,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED1,714,300 CWT
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER56,00055,5001,950 LB / ACRE108,225,000 LB19 $ / CWT20,563,000
ASPARAGUS
ASPARAGUS, FRESH MARKET129 $ / CWT16,344,000
ASPARAGUS8,3008,00016 CWT / ACRE128,000 CWT129 $ / CWT16,344,000
ASPARAGUS, UTILIZED126,700 CWT
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER55,30053,8001,049 LB / ACRE56,425,000 LB21.1 $ / CWT11,901,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL1,515 LB / ACRE5,000,000 LB11,500,000
PECANS3,3002.3 $ / LB
BARLEY
BARLEY70,00028,00050 BU / ACRE1,400,000 BU4.82 $ / BU6,790,000
MINT
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL2,00082 LB / ACRE164,000 LB22.8 $ / LB3,739,000
OATS
OATS110,00010,00065 BU / ACRE650,000 BU2.9 $ / BU1,885,000
MUSHROOMS
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, PROCESSING(D) $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS5.74 LB / SQ FT1.98 $ / LB
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS24,80024,70043.5 TONS / ACRE1,074,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE240,00012.83 TONS / ACRE3,078,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA60,0006 TONS / ACRE360,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)180,00015.1 TONS / ACRE2,718,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: California
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold42,627,472150
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 30,366,898150
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products12,260,574350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,727,7081950
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed655,094317
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes6,327,838150
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries17,638,972150
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod2,547,307150
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,7061849
Other crops and hay1,467,274150
Poultry and eggs1,663,919750
Cattle and calves3,259,325750
Milk from cows6,945,102150
Hogs and pigs51,5262450
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk108,136250
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys62,241450
Aquaculture103,016550
Other animals and other animal products67,309450
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,670,0271350
Vegetables harvested, all1,175,249150
Grapes940,177150
Almonds935,804128
Rice561,968210
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens42,268,4821250
Layers19,000,779650
Cattle and calves5,370,531450
Pullets for laying flock replacement4,633,5581050
Turkeys4,532,307850
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,396
   $1,000 to $2,4994,590
   $2,500 to $4,9995,736
   $5,000 to $9,9997,718
   $10,000 to $19,9997,455
   $20,000 to $24,9992,682
   $25,000 to $39,9994,780
   $40,000 to $49,9992,263
   $50,000 to $99,9996,679
   $100,000 to $249,9996,922
   $250,000 to $499,9994,117
   $500,000 or more9,519
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)35,455,667
   Average per farm ($)455,395
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)8,523,285
   Average per farm ($)109,474
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming42,469
   Other35,388
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male63,873
   Female13,984
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,761
   Asian7,474
   Black or African American526
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander455
   White111,141
   More than one race1,030
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 215,123
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.