2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Idaho
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/24/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation468
Farm Operations - Number of Operations24,800
Farm Operations - Acres Operated11,600,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )506,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )614,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )2,500,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )295,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )7,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )220,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )32,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head24,875
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb15,149,000,000
County outlines for IDAHO

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
POTATOES
POTATOES315,000315,000445 CWT / ACRE140,175,000 CWT6.85 $ / CWT960,199,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,380,0004 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS5,516,000 TONS, DRY BASIS846,707,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)300,0002.43 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS728,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA155,0001,080,0004.43 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,788,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY1,340,0003.75 TONS / ACRE5,019,000 TONS152 $ / TON769,440,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,050,0004.2 TONS / ACRE4,410,000 TONS151 $ / TON665,910,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)290,0002.1 TONS / ACRE609,000 TONS170 $ / TON103,530,000
WHEAT
WHEAT1,191,0001,136,00091.9 BU / ACRE104,410,000 BU5.1 $ / BU535,949,000
WHEAT, WINTER720,000680,00090 BU / ACRE61,200,000 BU5 $ / BU306,000,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)460,000445,00095 BU / ACRE42,275,000 BU5.3 $ / BU224,058,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM11,00011,00085 BU / ACRE935,000 BU6.3 $ / BU5,891,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM), NON-IRRIGATED170,000165,00048.5 BU / ACRE8,000,000 BU
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM), IRRIGATED290,000280,000122.4 BU / ACRE34,275,000 BU
WHEAT, WINTER, IRRIGATED255,000237,000120.5 BU / ACRE28,553,000 BU
WHEAT, WINTER, NON-IRRIGATED465,000443,00073.7 BU / ACRE32,647,000 BU
BARLEY
BARLEY550,000530,000101 BU / ACRE53,530,000 BU4.95 $ / BU264,974,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN135,000213 BU / ACRE28,755,000 BU4.45 $ / BU127,960,000
CORN360,000
CORN, SILAGE220,00030 TONS / ACRE6,600,000 TONS
HOPS
HOPS8,1401,995 LB / ACRE16,242,800 LB5.3 $ / LB86,087,000
MINT
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL17,000105 LB / ACRE1,785,000 LB18.9 $ / LB33,737,000
MINT, SPEARMINT, OIL(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) LB15.5 $ / LB2,170,000
CANOLA
CANOLA43,00042,0002,100 LB / ACRE88,200,000 LB15.6 $ / CWT13,759,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET35 $ / CWT12,163,000
SWEET CORN4,1003,90090 CWT / ACRE351,000 CWT35 $ / CWT12,163,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED347,500 CWT
LENTILS
LENTILS35,00034,0001,300 LB / ACRE442,000 CWT26 $ / CWT11,492,000
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER22,00021,000830 LB / ACRE17,430,000 LB17 $ / CWT2,963,000
OATS
OATS40,00010,00084 BU / ACRE840,000 BU2.75 $ / BU2,310,000
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE8,0007,6002,300 LB / ACRE175,000 CWT12.6 $ / CWT2,205,000
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER1,4008001,300 LB / ACRE10,000 CWT10.1 $ / CWT101,000
PEAS, WRINKLED SEED4,0004,0002,900 LB / ACRE116,000 CWT(D) $ / CWT(D)
CHICKPEAS
CHICKPEAS134,000133,2001,400 LB / ACRE1,871,000 CWT
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE105,0009.57 TONS / ACRE1,005,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA85,0009 TONS / ACRE765,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)20,00012 TONS / ACRE240,000 TONS
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS163,000163,00040.5 TONS / ACRE6,602,000 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES5,760 TONS
APPLES
APPLES54,000,000 LB
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Idaho
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold7,801,4461950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 3,443,0122050
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,358,4351550
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,448,0892350
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes967,476450
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries(D)2950
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod53,1573650
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops(D)(D)49
Other crops and hay950,370450
Poultry and eggs49,7333650
Cattle and calves1,808,9291050
Milk from cows2,333,364450
Hogs and pigs(D)3250
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk42,173750
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys(D)3450
Aquaculture52,5821250
Other animals and other animal products33,5921150
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,376,6321650
Wheat for grain, all1,250,4941149
Winter wheat for grain738,3541148
Barley for grain593,469343
Spring wheat for grain499,623629
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,397,5411350
Layers655,3463950
Pullets for laying flock replacement(D)3550
Sheep and lambs231,078850
Pheasants137,590650
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0006,593
   $1,000 to $2,4992,376
   $2,500 to $4,9992,487
   $5,000 to $9,9992,367
   $10,000 to $19,9991,959
   $20,000 to $24,999578
   $25,000 to $39,9991,296
   $40,000 to $49,999546
   $50,000 to $99,9991,518
   $100,000 to $249,9991,835
   $250,000 to $499,9991,260
   $500,000 or more2,001
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,642,131
   Average per farm ($)267,655
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,477,387
   Average per farm ($)59,534
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming12,349
   Other12,467
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male21,821
   Female2,995
  
Average age of principal operator57.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native229
   Asian162
   Black or African American22
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander27
   White39,122
   More than one race185
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 21,113
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.