2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Illinois
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Apr/21/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation371
Farm Operations - Number of Operations72,700
Farm Operations - Acres Operated27,000,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )397,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )93,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )1,150,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )220,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )25,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )10,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )55,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2017 )5,400,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head20,742
Milk - Production, Measured in $353,007,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb1,929,000,000
County outlines for ILLINOIS

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN10,950,000201 BU / ACRE2,200,950,000 BU3.41 $ / BU7,505,240,000
CORN, SILAGE190,00017 TONS / ACRE3,230,000 TONS
CORN11,200,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS10,600,00010,550,00058 BU / ACRE611,900,000 BU9.6 $ / BU5,874,240,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE515,0003.46 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,783,000 TONS, DRY BASIS226,194,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)270,0002.57 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS693,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA20,000245,0004.45 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,090,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY490,0003.25 TONS / ACRE1,593,000 TONS129 $ / TON200,243,000
HAY, ALFALFA230,0004.1 TONS / ACRE943,000 TONS151 $ / TON142,393,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)260,0002.5 TONS / ACRE650,000 TONS89 $ / TON57,850,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER500,000470,00076 BU / ACRE35,720,000 BU4.59 $ / BU163,955,000
WHEAT500,000470,00076 BU / ACRE35,720,000 BU4.59 $ / BU163,955,000
POTATOES
POTATOES8,6008,100410 CWT / ACRE3,321,000 CWT10 $ / CWT33,210,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS17,90017,400370 CWT / ACRE6,438,000 CWT3.87 $ / CWT24,421,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED6,302,800 CWT
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PUMPKINS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED21,400,000 LB13,840,000
APPLES1,70013,200 LB / ACRE22,400,000 LB0.647 $ / LB
APPLES, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
APPLES, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / TON(D)
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN15,00014,200135 CWT / ACRE1,917,000 CWT6.15 $ / CWT11,792,000
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING74.2 $ / TON6,330,000
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET25.9 $ / CWT5,462,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED1,917,000 CWT
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED5,880 TONS10,343,000
PEACHES1,0006.03 TONS / ACRE6,030 TONS1,460 $ / TON
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS35,00020,00079 BU / ACRE1,580,000 BU3.39 $ / BU5,356,000
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN15,00083 BU / ACRE1,245,000 BU6.37 $ / CWT4,441,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE1,00012 TONS / ACRE12,000 TONS
SORGHUM17,000
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP8,0007,50080 CWT / ACRE600,000 CWT6.25 $ / CWT3,750,000
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING113 $ / TON3,356,000
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET65.6 $ / CWT394,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED600,000 CWT
PEAS
PEAS, GREEN6,4005,60037 CWT / ACRE207,200 CWT10.7 $ / CWT2,223,000
PEAS, GREEN, UTILIZED207,200 CWT
PEAS, GREEN, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEAS, GREEN, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE53,0007.23 TONS / ACRE383,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA33,0009 TONS / ACRE297,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)20,0004.3 TONS / ACRE86,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Illinois
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold17,187,052750
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 14,144,740350
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,042,3122350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas13,589,230250
Tobacco1,3971419
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes127,5922050
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries19,5353250
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod322,1041250
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,6131949
Other crops and hay82,2683650
Poultry and eggs136,8763150
Cattle and calves984,4661850
Milk from cows347,3392150
Hogs and pigs1,519,514450
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk10,7162450
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys24,6381350
Aquaculture5,4253250
Other animals and other animal products13,3382550
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain12,263,259249
Soybeans for beans8,933,457245
Wheat for grain, all645,8291549
Winter wheat for grain645,8291448
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop514,0243350
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Hogs and pigs4,630,796450
Layers4,327,3112050
Cattle and calves1,127,6302950
Turkeys739,6601850
Pullets for laying flock replacement371,5313450
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00021,076
   $1,000 to $2,4993,949
   $2,500 to $4,9994,256
   $5,000 to $9,9994,860
   $10,000 to $19,9994,440
   $20,000 to $24,9991,468
   $25,000 to $39,9993,015
   $40,000 to $49,9991,548
   $50,000 to $99,9995,666
   $100,000 to $249,9998,637
   $250,000 to $499,9996,652
   $500,000 or more9,520
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)13,459,269
   Average per farm ($)179,249
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)5,949,076
   Average per farm ($)79,229
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming37,835
   Other37,252
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male68,196
   Female6,891
  
Average age of principal operator57.8
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native141
   Asian171
   Black or African American172
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander24
   White106,554
   More than one race222
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2777
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.