2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Iowa
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Dec/15/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation351
Farm Operations - Number of Operations86,900
Farm Operations - Acres Operated30,500,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )970,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )220,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )4,000,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )1,260,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )35,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )31,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )165,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2017 )22,800,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head12,000,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head23,725
Milk - Production, Measured in $936,132,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb5,172,000,000
County outlines for IOWA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN12,900,000202 BU / ACRE2,605,800,000 BU3.31 $ / BU8,468,850,000
CORN, SILAGE330,00021 TONS / ACRE6,930,000 TONS
CORN13,300,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS10,000,0009,940,00057 BU / ACRE566,580,000 BU9.25 $ / BU5,194,893,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,140,0003.2 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS3,652,000 TONS, DRY BASIS393,050,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)370,0002.33 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS862,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA80,000770,0003.62 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,790,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY1,080,0003.1 TONS / ACRE3,348,000 TONS111 $ / TON359,316,000
HAY, ALFALFA720,0003.5 TONS / ACRE2,520,000 TONS117 $ / TON287,280,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)360,0002.3 TONS / ACRE828,000 TONS97 $ / TON72,036,000
OATS
OATS115,00042,00077 BU / ACRE3,234,000 BU2.54 $ / BU8,570,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER16,0008,00068 BU / ACRE544,000 BU3.9 $ / BU2,067,000
WHEAT16,0008,00068 BU / ACRE544,000 BU3.9 $ / BU2,067,000
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE85,0007.24 TONS / ACRE615,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA70,0007.8 TONS / ACRE546,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)15,0004.6 TONS / ACRE69,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Iowa
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold30,821,532250
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 17,366,814250
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products13,454,718250
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas17,146,679150
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes19,6994250
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries3,6684250
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod99,2182850
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops7743249
Other crops and hay96,7763450
Poultry and eggs1,291,8081150
Cattle and calves4,504,373450
Milk from cows799,4671250
Hogs and pigs6,767,424150
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk43,020650
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys14,7503050
Aquaculture7,6902750
Other animals and other animal products26,1861450
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain13,709,408149
Soybeans for beans9,301,594145
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop996,3162450
Corn for silage392,304749
Oats for grain57,259748
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Layers52,218,870150
Hogs and pigs20,455,666150
Pullets for laying flock replacement12,565,630150
Turkeys4,383,172950
Cattle and calves3,893,683650
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00021,843
   $1,000 to $2,4993,206
   $2,500 to $4,9993,613
   $5,000 to $9,9994,328
   $10,000 to $19,9994,427
   $20,000 to $24,9991,614
   $25,000 to $39,9993,686
   $40,000 to $49,9992,089
   $50,000 to $99,9997,470
   $100,000 to $249,99910,036
   $250,000 to $499,9999,769
   $500,000 or more16,556
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)23,711,880
   Average per farm ($)267,517
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)9,779,193
   Average per farm ($)110,329
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming47,949
   Other40,688
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male81,529
   Female7,108
  
Average age of principal operator57.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native97
   Asian129
   Black or African American45
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander9
   White129,209
   More than one race155
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2584
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.