2016 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Maryland
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Feb/20/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Pct of Ag Land100
Farm Operations - Operations, Measured in Pct of Farm Operations100
Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation165
Farm Operations - Number of Operations12,300
Farm Operations - Acres Operated2,030,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )43,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )47,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )186,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )9,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2016 )21,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head303,500,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head19,917
Milk - Production, Measured in $164,432,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb956,000,000
County outlines for MARYLAND

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProduction or SalesPrice per UnitValue of Production or Sales in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN400,000152 BU / ACRE60,800,000 BU4.05 $ / BU221,920,000
CORN, SILAGE50,00018 TONS / ACRE900,000 TONS
CORN460,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS520,000515,00041.5 BU / ACRE21,373,000 BU9.33 $ / BU196,632,000
HAY
HAY215,0002.68 TONS / ACRE576,000 TONS179 $ / TON92,304,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)180,0002.4 TONS / ACRE432,000 TONS142 $ / TON61,344,000
HAY, ALFALFA35,0004.1 TONS / ACRE144,000 TONS219 $ / TON30,960,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE92,304,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA5,000
WHEAT
WHEAT360,000260,00064 BU / ACRE16,640,000 BU4.04 $ / BU62,400,000
WHEAT, WINTER360,000260,00064 BU / ACRE16,640,000 BU4.04 $ / BU62,400,000
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET11.7 $ / CWT16,146,000
MELONS, WATERMELON4,1004,000345 CWT / ACRE1,380,000 CWT11.7 $ / CWT16,146,000
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED1,380,000 CWT
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN7,3007,200155 CWT / ACRE1,116,000 CWT11.8 $ / CWT13,121,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED1,116,000 CWT
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED38,300,000 LB10,130,000
APPLES, FRESH MARKET16,300,000 LB0.5 $ / LB8,150,000
APPLES, PROCESSING22,000,000 LB180 $ / TON1,980,000
APPLES1,70022,600 LB / ACRE38,400,000 LB0.264 $ / LB
BARLEY
BARLEY50,00034,00072 BU / ACRE2,448,000 BU2.69 $ / BU6,487,000
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP4,4004,40065 CWT / ACRE286,000 CWT18.1 $ / CWT5,185,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED286,000 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED2,130 TONS2,653,000
PEACHES7003.21 TONS / ACRE2,250 TONS1,250 $ / TON
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
SPINACH
SPINACH, UTILIZED(D) CWT
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SPINACH(D)(D)(D) CWT / ACRE(D) CWT(D) $ / CWT(D)
SPINACH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
POTATOES
POTATOES(D)(D)(D) CWT / ACRE(D) CWT(D) $ / CWT(D)
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Maryland

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold2,271,3973650
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 1,050,5573550
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products1,220,8403750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas716,3482850
Tobacco1,0261619
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes70,7113050
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries20,0653150
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod204,8082250
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops1,7922349
Other crops and hay35,8064250
Poultry and eggs922,9991850
Cattle and calves69,9174050
Milk from cows187,4972850
Hogs and pigs(D)3350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk(D)(D)50
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys13,1883350
Aquaculture9,0112650
Other animals and other animal products(D)(D)50
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Soybeans for beans475,6152145
Corn for grain435,6462349
Wheat for grain, all210,3542949
Winter wheat for grain210,3542848
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop180,8434250
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens64,192,426750
Layers2,364,9423250
Pullets for laying flock replacement707,6172950
Cattle and calves194,5244150
Turkeys77,3752450

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0003,809
   $1,000 to $2,499989
   $2,500 to $4,999966
   $5,000 to $9,9991,207
   $10,000 to $19,999921
   $20,000 to $24,999305
   $25,000 to $39,999599
   $40,000 to $49,999394
   $50,000 to $99,999545
   $100,000 to $249,999768
   $250,000 to $499,999538
   $500,000 or more1,215
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)1,940,277
   Average per farm ($)158,312
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)477,002
   Average per farm ($)38,920
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming5,996
   Other6,260
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male9,960
   Female2,296
  
Average age of principal operator59.0
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native48
   Asian174
   Black or African American200
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander10
   White18,539
   More than one race84
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2211

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.