2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Michigan
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Dec/17/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation195
Farm Operations - Number of Operations50,900
Farm Operations - Acres Operated9,950,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )102,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )428,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )1,160,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )140,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )11,500
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )80,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2017 )1,190,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head5,100,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head26,302
Milk - Production, Measured in $1,841,884,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb11,231,000,000
County outlines for MICHIGAN

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN1,890,000159 BU / ACRE300,510,000 BU3.46 $ / BU1,006,709,000
CORN2,250,000
CORN, SILAGE340,00018.5 TONS / ACRE6,290,000 TONS
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS2,280,0002,270,00042.5 BU / ACRE96,475,000 BU9.39 $ / BU897,218,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,070,0002.88 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS3,083,000 TONS, DRY BASIS441,260,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)290,0001.67 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS485,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA80,000780,0003.33 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,598,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY900,0002.38 TONS / ACRE2,143,000 TONS145 $ / TON303,679,000
HAY, ALFALFA610,0002.8 TONS / ACRE1,708,000 TONS156 $ / TON252,784,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)290,0001.5 TONS / ACRE435,000 TONS123 $ / TON50,895,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED839,000,000 LB251,795,000
APPLES, FRESH MARKET445,000,000 LB0.42 $ / LB186,900,000
APPLES, PROCESSING394,000,000 LB329 $ / TON64,895,000
APPLES33,00025,500 LB / ACRE840,000,000 LB0.3 $ / LB
POTATOES
POTATOES47,00046,500370 CWT / ACRE17,205,000 CWT11.1 $ / CWT190,976,000
WHEAT
WHEAT480,000425,00079 BU / ACRE33,575,000 BU4.54 $ / BU151,088,000
WHEAT, WINTER480,000425,00079 BU / ACRE33,575,000 BU4.54 $ / BU151,088,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE220,000218,5002,010 LB / ACRE4,394,000 CWT29.3 $ / CWT129,184,000
BEANS, SNAP18,30017,800100 CWT / ACRE1,780,000 CWT14.6 $ / CWT25,898,000
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING200 $ / TON15,753,000
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET50 $ / CWT10,145,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED1,778,200 CWT
BLUEBERRIES
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, UTILIZED5,010 LB / ACRE100,200,000 LB116,400,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, FRESH MARKET53,600,000 LB1.65 $ / LB88,440,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, PROCESSING46,600,000 LB0.6 $ / LB27,960,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME20,000102,000,000 LB1.16 $ / LB
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS38,00037,500150 CWT / ACRE5,625,000 CWT14.2 $ / CWT79,739,000
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING235 $ / TON55,849,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET27.4 $ / CWT23,890,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED5,625,000 CWT
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, TART, UTILIZED188,000,000 LB39,693,000
CHERRIES, TART, PROCESSING187,800,000 LB0.21 $ / LB39,419,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED21,020 TONS16,090,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, PROCESSING19,700 TONS678 $ / TON13,358,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, FRESH MARKET1,320 TONS2,070 $ / TON2,732,000
CHERRIES, TART, FRESH MARKET200,000 LB1.37 $ / LB274,000
CHERRIES, SWEET6,3003.38 TONS / ACRE21,300 TONS765 $ / TON
CHERRIES, TART27,5006,880 LB / ACRE189,200,000 LB0.211 $ / LB
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN5,7005,500560 CWT / ACRE3,080,000 CWT35,987,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, FRESH MARKET22,282,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, PROCESSING13,705,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, UTILIZED3,067,700 CWT
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET54.8 $ / CWT
TOMATOES11.7 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING103 $ / TON
SQUASH
SQUASH5,8005,700230 CWT / ACRE1,311,000 CWT20.2 $ / CWT26,543,000
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET28.1 $ / CWT22,621,000
SQUASH, PROCESSING155 $ / TON3,922,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED1,311,000 CWT
GRAPES
GRAPES, PROCESSING63,500 TONS379 $ / TON24,075,000
GRAPES, UTILIZED63,500 TONS24,075,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET(X) $ / TON
GRAPES12,5005.09 TONS / ACRE63,600 TONS379 $ / TON
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET23 $ / CWT20,930,000
SWEET CORN9,6009,100100 CWT / ACRE910,000 CWT23 $ / CWT20,930,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED910,000 CWT
ASPARAGUS
ASPARAGUS9,8009,00027 CWT / ACRE243,000 CWT85.7 $ / CWT20,816,000
ASPARAGUS, FRESH MARKET92 $ / CWT10,552,000
ASPARAGUS, PROCESSING1,600 $ / TON10,264,000
ASPARAGUS, UTILIZED243,000 CWT
CABBAGE
CABBAGE4,3004,200340 CWT / ACRE1,428,000 CWT11 $ / CWT15,744,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED1,428,000 CWT
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CABBAGE, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CARROTS
CARROTS4,1004,000370 CWT / ACRE1,480,000 CWT10.1 $ / CWT14,948,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED1,480,000 CWT
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CELERY
CELERY1,7001,600590 CWT / ACRE944,000 CWT13.4 $ / CWT12,675,000
CELERY, UTILIZED944,000 CWT
CELERY, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CELERY, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL1,9001,800255 CWT / ACRE459,000 CWT27.3 $ / CWT12,531,000
PEPPERS, BELL, UTILIZED459,000 CWT
PEPPERS, BELL, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEPPERS, BELL, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED9,000 TONS10,185,000
PEACHES2,1004.33 TONS / ACRE9,100 TONS1,130 $ / TON
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS5,3004,900155 CWT / ACRE759,500 CWT11 $ / CWT8,314,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED758,000 CWT
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PUMPKINS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS55,00040,00054 BU / ACRE2,160,000 BU2.91 $ / BU6,156,000
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.25 GALLONS / TAP110,000 GALLONS51.2 $ / GALLON5,632,000
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS144,000143,00025.2 TONS / ACRE3,604,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE260,0007.32 TONS / ACRE1,902,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA240,0007.5 TONS / ACRE1,800,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)20,0005.1 TONS / ACRE102,000 TONS
MINT
MINT, SPEARMINT, OIL(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Michigan
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold8,678,0501850
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 5,506,4371450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,171,6142150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,613,2501250
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes462,726950
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries257,133750
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod727,847650
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops30,210349
Other crops and hay415,2711350
Poultry and eggs472,2182250
Cattle and calves603,6532750
Milk from cows1,540,609850
Hogs and pigs482,1771150
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk13,9631950
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys29,0971250
Aquaculture3,9823850
Other animals and other animal products25,9141550
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain2,393,5041249
Soybeans for beans1,983,4441245
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,061,9322150
Wheat for grain, all539,1381649
Winter wheat for grain538,8801548
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Layers12,676,021950
Pullets for laying flock replacement3,356,8801250
Turkeys2,190,4861450
Cattle and calves1,130,4772850
Broilers and other meat-type chickens1,125,6012750
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,801
   $1,000 to $2,4994,530
   $2,500 to $4,9994,303
   $5,000 to $9,9994,609
   $10,000 to $19,9994,529
   $20,000 to $24,9991,417
   $25,000 to $39,9992,742
   $40,000 to $49,9991,244
   $50,000 to $99,9993,623
   $100,000 to $249,9993,597
   $250,000 to $499,9992,317
   $500,000 or more3,482
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,942,117
   Average per farm ($)133,006
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)2,230,681
   Average per farm ($)42,738
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming25,285
   Other26,909
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male44,785
   Female7,409
  
Average age of principal operator57.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native349
   Asian109
   Black or African American323
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander23
   White77,842
   More than one race302
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2989
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.