2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Montana
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Nov/15/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation2,207
Farm Operations - Number of Operations27,100
Farm Operations - Acres Operated59,800,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )1,497,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )13,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )2,550,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )45,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )225,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2017 )179,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head22,154
Milk - Production, Measured in $50,400,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb288,000,000
County outlines for MONTANA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY
HAY2,550,0001.91 TONS / ACRE4,880,000 TONS141 $ / TON686,880,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,600,0002.1 TONS / ACRE3,360,000 TONS142 $ / TON477,120,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)950,0001.6 TONS / ACRE1,520,000 TONS136 $ / TON209,760,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE686,880,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA100,000
WHEAT
WHEAT5,140,0004,665,00027.3 BU / ACRE127,430,000 BU5.34 $ / BU674,243,000
WHEAT, WINTER1,750,0001,590,00042 BU / ACRE66,780,000 BU4.76 $ / BU300,510,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)2,500,0002,290,00021 BU / ACRE48,090,000 BU6.21 $ / BU293,349,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM890,000785,00016 BU / ACRE12,560,000 BU6.32 $ / BU80,384,000
BARLEY
BARLEY770,000565,00051 BU / ACRE28,815,000 BU4.34 $ / BU125,345,000
LENTILS
LENTILS730,000670,000650 LB / ACRE4,355,000 CWT25.3 $ / CWT112,359,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE275,000260,0001,000 LB / ACRE2,594,000 CWT34.5 $ / CWT89,493,000
POTATOES
POTATOES11,10011,100340 CWT / ACRE3,774,000 CWT12.8 $ / CWT48,307,000
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE525,000470,000820 LB / ACRE3,854,000 CWT11 $ / CWT42,394,000
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER20,0004,000630 LB / ACRE25,000 CWT(D) $ / CWT(D)
CANOLA
CANOLA155,000137,000870 LB / ACRE119,190,000 LB15.7 $ / CWT18,117,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN65,00070 BU / ACRE4,550,000 BU3.5 $ / BU15,925,000
CORN, SILAGE25,00020 TONS / ACRE500,000 TONS
CORN115,000
FLAXSEED
FLAXSEED52,00038,0009 BU / ACRE342,000 BU8.9 $ / BU3,044,000
OATS
OATS70,00018,00047 BU / ACRE846,000 BU2.86 $ / BU2,919,000
LEGUMES
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, SEED12,800360 LB / ACRE4,610,000 LB
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, IRRIGATED, SEED9,100470 LB / ACRE4,277,000 LB
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, NON-IRRIGATED, SEED3,70090 LB / ACRE333,000 LB
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS42,90042,70032.7 TONS / ACRE1,396,000 TONS
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER39,00028,000610 LB / ACRE17,080,000 LB(D) $ / CWT(D)
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Montana
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold4,230,0832950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,255,9962750
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products1,974,0872750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,787,1621750
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes33,1993850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries3,6584350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod28,5664350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops1604249
Other crops and hay403,2511450
Poultry and eggs(D)4450
Cattle and calves1,783,9081150
Milk from cows44,6713850
Hogs and pigs54,0912350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk31,2331050
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys22,8241850
Aquaculture3,1724350
Other animals and other animal products(D)(D)50
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Wheat for grain, all5,627,463349
Spring wheat for grain2,909,910229
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop2,267,198850
Winter wheat for grain2,168,021448
Barley for grain778,521243
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,633,7401050
Layers464,8024050
Sheep and lambs236,646750
Pullets for laying flock replacement225,0213850
Hogs and pigs173,9532250
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0008,243
   $1,000 to $2,4991,927
   $2,500 to $4,9991,747
   $5,000 to $9,9991,988
   $10,000 to $19,9991,939
   $20,000 to $24,999592
   $25,000 to $39,9991,420
   $40,000 to $49,999633
   $50,000 to $99,9992,178
   $100,000 to $249,9992,945
   $250,000 to $499,9992,276
   $500,000 or more2,120
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)3,516,180
   Average per farm ($)125,542
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,172,280
   Average per farm ($)41,855
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming15,434
   Other12,574
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male23,765
   Female4,243
  
Average age of principal operator58.9
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,787
   Asian79
   Black or African American20
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander13
   White42,092
   More than one race258
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2430
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.