2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Montana
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Mar/20/2019

Farms Operations


Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )1,448,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )12,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )2,500,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )40,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )215,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )192,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head22,833
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb274,000,000
County outlines for MONTANA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
WHEAT
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)2,900,0002,820,00034 BU / ACRE95,880,000 BU
WHEAT, WINTER1,650,0001,570,00050 BU / ACRE78,500,000 BU
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM840,000775,00030 BU / ACRE23,250,000 BU
WHEAT5,390,0005,165,00038.3 BU / ACRE197,630,000 BU
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS43,50042,40031.1 TONS / ACRE1,319,000 TONS
CORN
CORN115,000
CORN, SILAGE37,00020 TONS / ACRE740,000 TONS
CORN, GRAIN68,00085 BU / ACRE5,780,000 BU
LEGUMES
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, NON-IRRIGATED, SEED1,70090 LB / ACRE153,000 LB
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, SEED7,700398 LB / ACRE3,063,000 LB
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, IRRIGATED, SEED6,000485 LB / ACRE2,910,000 LB
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER42,00036,000990 LB / ACRE35,640,000 LB
POTATOES
POTATOES11,10011,100345 CWT / ACRE3,830,000 CWT
HAY
HAY2,900,0001.93 TONS / ACRE5,595,000 TONS
HAY, ALFALFA1,900,0002.05 TONS / ACRE3,895,000 TONS
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,000,0001.7 TONS / ACRE1,700,000 TONS
FLAXSEED
FLAXSEED39,00037,00017 BU / ACRE629,000 BU
CANOLA
CANOLA120,000117,0001,120 LB / ACRE131,040,000 LB
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE395,000386,0001,350 LB / ACRE5,214,000 CWT
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA115,000
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE335,000310,0001,620 LB / ACRE5,022,000 CWT
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER12,0008,000950 LB / ACRE76,000 CWT
OATS
OATS70,00023,00043 BU / ACRE989,000 BU
LENTILS
LENTILS500,000450,0001,080 LB / ACRE4,860,000 CWT
BARLEY
BARLEY790,000600,00056 BU / ACRE33,600,000 BU
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Montana
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold4,230,0832950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,255,9962750
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products1,974,0872750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,787,1621750
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes33,1993850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries3,6584350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod28,5664350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops1604249
Other crops and hay403,2511450
Poultry and eggs(D)4450
Cattle and calves1,783,9081150
Milk from cows44,6713850
Hogs and pigs54,0912350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk31,2331050
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys22,8241850
Aquaculture3,1724350
Other animals and other animal products(D)(D)50
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Wheat for grain, all5,627,463349
Spring wheat for grain2,909,910229
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop2,267,198850
Winter wheat for grain2,168,021448
Barley for grain778,521243
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,633,7401050
Layers464,8024050
Sheep and lambs236,646750
Pullets for laying flock replacement225,0213850
Hogs and pigs173,9532250
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0008,243
   $1,000 to $2,4991,927
   $2,500 to $4,9991,747
   $5,000 to $9,9991,988
   $10,000 to $19,9991,939
   $20,000 to $24,999592
   $25,000 to $39,9991,420
   $40,000 to $49,999633
   $50,000 to $99,9992,178
   $100,000 to $249,9992,945
   $250,000 to $499,9992,276
   $500,000 or more2,120
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)3,516,180
   Average per farm ($)125,542
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,172,280
   Average per farm ($)41,855
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming15,434
   Other12,574
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male23,765
   Female4,243
  
Average age of principal operator58.9
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,787
   Asian79
   Black or African American20
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander13
   White42,092
   More than one race258
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2430
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.