2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Ohio
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/26/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation179
Farm Operations - Number of Operations77,800
Farm Operations - Acres Operated13,900,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )307,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )253,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )1,310,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )150,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )45,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )12,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )121,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )2,550,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head107,900,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head6,700,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head21,359
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb5,532,000,000
County outlines for OHIO

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS5,000,0004,980,00058 BU / ACRE288,840,000 BU8.75 $ / BU2,527,350,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN3,300,000187 BU / ACRE617,100,000 BU3.65 $ / BU2,252,415,000
CORN3,500,000
CORN, SILAGE160,00020 TONS / ACRE3,200,000 TONS
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,035,0002.66 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,757,000 TONS, DRY BASIS420,504,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)645,0002.06 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,329,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA35,000390,0003.66 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,428,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY970,0002.43 TONS / ACRE2,356,000 TONS155 $ / TON351,447,000
HAY, ALFALFA350,0003.1 TONS / ACRE1,085,000 TONS181 $ / TON196,385,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)620,0002.05 TONS / ACRE1,271,000 TONS122 $ / TON155,062,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER490,000450,00075 BU / ACRE33,750,000 BU5.05 $ / BU170,438,000
WHEAT490,000450,00075 BU / ACRE33,750,000 BU5.05 $ / BU170,438,000
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN5,5005,400520 CWT / ACRE2,808,000 CWT52,173,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, FRESH MARKET39,256,000
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, PROCESSING12,917,000
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET69.9 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING115 $ / TON
TOMATOES18.6 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, IN THE OPEN, UTILIZED2,808,000 CWT
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN9,8009,10095 CWT / ACRE864,500 CWT27 $ / CWT23,342,000
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET27 $ / CWT23,342,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED864,500 CWT
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL, FRESH MARKET43 $ / CWT12,040,000
PEPPERS, BELL1,5001,400200 CWT / ACRE280,000 CWT43 $ / CWT12,040,000
PEPPERS, BELL, UTILIZED280,000 CWT
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS4,0003,700180 CWT / ACRE666,000 CWT16.4 $ / CWT10,684,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED652,000 CWT
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PUMPKINS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS55,00030,00065 BU / ACRE1,950,000 BU3.6 $ / BU7,020,000
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS1,9001,900155 CWT / ACRE294,500 CWT16.9 $ / CWT4,983,000
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING245 $ / TON2,525,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET27.8 $ / CWT2,458,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED294,500 CWT
BEDDING PLANTS, ANNUAL
BEDDING PLANTS, ANNUAL
PROPAGATIVE MATERIAL
PROPAGATIVE MATERIAL, FLORICULTURE
CUT FLOWERS
CUT FLOWERS
CUT CULTIVATED GREENS
CUT CULTIVATED GREENS
FLOWERING PLANTS, POTTED
FLOWERING PLANTS, POTTED, INDOOR USE
PEACHES
PEACHES3,680 TONS
BEDDING PLANTS, HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL
BEDDING PLANTS, HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL, POTS
APPLES
APPLES45,000,000 LB
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)45,0002.6 TONS / ACRE117,000 TONS
HAYLAGE135,0006 TONS / ACRE810,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA90,0007.7 TONS / ACRE693,000 TONS
FOLIAGE PLANTS
FOLIAGE PLANTS, INDOOR USE, POTS
FOLIAGE PLANTS, INDOOR USE
GRAPES
GRAPES5,000 TONS
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.225 GALLONS / TAP90,000 GALLONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Ohio
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold10,064,0851350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 6,597,9461050
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,466,1392050
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas5,834,600850
Tobacco7,4201019
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes133,7961950
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries27,2152350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod437,723850
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops3,9881049
Other crops and hay153,2043050
Poultry and eggs946,5921750
Cattle and calves689,6552550
Milk from cows938,2661150
Hogs and pigs788,761850
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk17,8841450
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys47,068650
Aquaculture3,8753950
Other animals and other animal products34,0371050
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Soybeans for beans4,569,775945
Corn for grain3,630,624849
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,092,1832050
Wheat for grain, all469,8401849
Winter wheat for grain469,8401648
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Layers28,312,692250
Broilers and other meat-type chickens12,194,0241950
Pullets for laying flock replacement8,495,659250
Turkeys2,096,3951550
Hogs and pigs2,058,503950
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00018,193
   $1,000 to $2,4997,005
   $2,500 to $4,9997,305
   $5,000 to $9,9997,220
   $10,000 to $19,9996,479
   $20,000 to $24,9992,018
   $25,000 to $39,9994,151
   $40,000 to $49,9992,003
   $50,000 to $99,9995,764
   $100,000 to $249,9997,017
   $250,000 to $499,9993,668
   $500,000 or more4,639
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)7,743,344
   Average per farm ($)102,612
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)2,996,899
   Average per farm ($)39,714
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming33,140
   Other42,322
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male66,760
   Female8,702
  
Average age of principal operator56.8
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native169
   Asian144
   Black or African American205
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander7
   White112,812
   More than one race287
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2661
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.