2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Pennsylvania
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Apr/23/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation138
Farm Operations - Number of Operations53,000
Farm Operations - Acres Operated7,300,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )225,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )505,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )1,600,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )100,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )38,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )15,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )95,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )1,310,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head7,000,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head20,549
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb10,665,000,000
County outlines for PENNSYLVANIA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,465,0002.77 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,065,000 TONS, DRY BASIS738,268,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA60,000465,0003.65 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,698,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,000,0002.37 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,367,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
CORN
CORN, GRAIN950,000140 BU / ACRE133,000,000 BU4.05 $ / BU538,650,000
CORN, SILAGE390,00019 TONS / ACRE7,410,000 TONS
CORN1,350,000
HAY
HAY1,190,0002.3 TONS / ACRE2,739,000 TONS177 $ / TON491,118,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)890,0002.1 TONS / ACRE1,869,000 TONS172 $ / TON321,468,000
HAY, ALFALFA300,0002.9 TONS / ACRE870,000 TONS195 $ / TON169,650,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS640,000630,00045 BU / ACRE28,350,000 BU8.3 $ / BU235,305,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER195,000145,00065 BU / ACRE9,425,000 BU5.4 $ / BU50,895,000
WHEAT195,000145,00065 BU / ACRE9,425,000 BU5.4 $ / BU50,895,000
TOBACCO
TOBACCO7,8002,231 LB / ACRE17,400,000 LB2.067 $ / LB35,961,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN13,00010,60057 CWT / ACRE604,200 CWT41.9 $ / CWT24,745,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED590,900 CWT
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS7,3005,700115 CWT / ACRE655,500 CWT22.3 $ / CWT13,852,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED620,800 CWT
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PUMPKINS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP9,5008,70059 CWT / ACRE513,300 CWT18.5 $ / CWT9,472,000
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING247 $ / TON5,090,000
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET44 $ / CWT4,382,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED511,800 CWT
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL1,200900170 CWT / ACRE153,000 CWT55.5 $ / CWT8,422,000
PEPPERS, BELL, UTILIZED151,800 CWT
PEPPERS, BELL, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEPPERS, BELL, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS65,00035,00046 BU / ACRE1,610,000 BU3.95 $ / BU6,360,000
BARLEY
BARLEY45,00033,00063 BU / ACRE2,079,000 BU2.9 $ / BU6,029,000
MELONS
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET38.8 $ / CWT4,148,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP1,000900120 CWT / ACRE108,000 CWT38.8 $ / CWT4,148,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED106,900 CWT
MUSHROOMS
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, FRESH MARKET1.04 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, PROCESSING0.67 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS6.78 LB / SQ FT1 $ / LB
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE410,0006.54 TONS / ACRE2,683,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA250,0006.7 TONS / ACRE1,675,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)160,0006.3 TONS / ACRE1,008,000 TONS
GRAPES
GRAPES95,000 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES18,600 TONS
APPLES
APPLES504,000,000 LB
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.212 GALLONS / TAP142,000 GALLONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Pennsylvania
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold7,400,7812250
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,782,9112450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,617,8701350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,210,8692650
Tobacco40,379619
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes140,8751850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries160,5011050
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod944,883450
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops21,148449
Other crops and hay264,2562250
Poultry and eggs1,362,0391050
Cattle and calves717,0852250
Milk from cows1,966,892550
Hogs and pigs457,9161250
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk15,8401750
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys38,693850
Aquaculture26,1231550
Other animals and other animal products33,2831250
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,651,9171450
Corn for grain998,3761649
Soybeans for beans519,7182045
Corn for silage412,695649
Wheat for grain, all144,7253149
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens29,248,1151650
Layers25,147,630450
Pullets for laying flock replacement7,291,936550
Turkeys2,955,9931150
Cattle and calves1,626,3741950
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,058
   $1,000 to $2,4994,563
   $2,500 to $4,9995,144
   $5,000 to $9,9996,002
   $10,000 to $19,9995,968
   $20,000 to $24,9991,833
   $25,000 to $39,9993,372
   $40,000 to $49,9991,511
   $50,000 to $99,9994,044
   $100,000 to $249,9995,585
   $250,000 to $499,9993,328
   $500,000 or more2,901
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,041,767
   Average per farm ($)101,869
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,755,111
   Average per farm ($)29,593
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming30,638
   Other28,671
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male50,849
   Female8,460
  
Average age of principal operator56.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native114
   Asian103
   Black or African American103
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander19
   White90,012
   More than one race244
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2652
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.