2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Texas
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/26/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation514
Farm Operations - Number of Operations247,000
Farm Operations - Acres Operated127,000,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )4,655,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )545,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )13,000,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )2,750,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )75,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )740,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )27,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )750,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )1,110,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head653,500,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head23,933
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb12,852,000,000
County outlines for TEXAS

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND7,750,0004,350,000756 LB / ACRE6,850,000 480 LB BALES0.72 $ / LB2,384,640,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED2,088,000 TONS157 $ / TON341,004,000
COTTON, UPLAND, IRRIGATED2,529,0002,230,000954 LB / ACRE4,434,100 480 LB BALES
COTTON, UPLAND, NON-IRRIGATED5,221,0002,120,000547 LB / ACRE2,415,900 480 LB BALES
COTTON7,768,0004,367,500757 LB / ACRE6,884,000 480 LB BALES
COTTON, PIMA18,00017,500933 LB / ACRE34,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE4,845,0001.84 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS8,910,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,128,438,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)4,700,0001.73 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS8,109,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA15,000145,0005.52 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS801,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY4,740,0001.77 TONS / ACRE8,374,000 TONS137 $ / TON1,063,146,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)4,600,0001.65 TONS / ACRE7,590,000 TONS119 $ / TON903,210,000
HAY, ALFALFA140,0005.6 TONS / ACRE784,000 TONS204 $ / TON159,936,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN1,750,000108 BU / ACRE189,000,000 BU4.1 $ / BU774,900,000
CORN, NON-IRRIGATED1,205,000
CORN, SILAGE270,00016 TONS / ACRE4,320,000 TONS
CORN, IRRIGATED995,000
CORN, IRRIGATED, GRAIN750,000160 BU / ACRE120,000,000 BU
CORN2,200,000
CORN, NON-IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,000,00069 BU / ACRE69,000,000 BU
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER4,500,0001,750,00032 BU / ACRE56,000,000 BU5.15 $ / BU288,400,000
WHEAT4,500,0001,750,00032 BU / ACRE56,000,000 BU5.15 $ / BU288,400,000
WHEAT, WINTER, NON-IRRIGATED3,830,0001,440,00028.9 BU / ACRE41,600,000 BU
WHEAT, WINTER, IRRIGATED670,000310,00046.5 BU / ACRE14,400,000 BU
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN1,350,00046 BU / ACRE62,100,000 BU6.85 $ / CWT238,216,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE80,00013 TONS / ACRE1,040,000 TONS
SORGHUM1,550,000
SORGHUM, IRRIGATED, GRAIN190,00070.5 BU / ACRE13,400,000 BU
SORGHUM, NON-IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,160,00042 BU / ACRE48,700,000 BU
SORGHUM, IRRIGATED220,000
SORGHUM, NON-IRRIGATED1,330,000
RICE
RICE195,000189,0007,970 LB / ACRE15,060,000 CWT12.5 $ / CWT188,250,000
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON24,00023,000340 CWT / ACRE7,820,000 CWT18.5 $ / CWT143,387,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET23 $ / CWT5,060,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP2,1002,000110 CWT / ACRE220,000 CWT23 $ / CWT5,060,000
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED7,765,300 CWT
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED220,000 CWT
MELONS, WATERMELON, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEANUTS
PEANUTS155,000145,0003,300 LB / ACRE478,500,000 LB0.25 $ / LB119,625,000
POTATOES
POTATOES14,50014,000425 CWT / ACRE5,950,000 CWT12.7 $ / CWT75,565,000
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT15,700306 BOXES / ACRE13.56 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV65,080,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED192,000 TONS
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL48,762,000
PECANS112,000250 LB / ACRE1.74 $ / LB
ORANGES
ORANGES8,700216 BOXES / ACRE18.9 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV35,538,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED80,000 TONS
ORANGES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS175,000135,00032 BU / ACRE4,320,000 BU7.65 $ / BU33,048,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE5,5005,000270 CWT / ACRE1,350,000 CWT20.3 $ / CWT27,405,000
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET20.3 $ / CWT27,405,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED1,350,000 CWT
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS5,4004,900330 CWT / ACRE1,617,000 CWT14.9 $ / CWT24,069,000
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET14.9 $ / CWT24,069,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED1,615,400 CWT
SPINACH
SPINACH3,0002,800250 CWT / ACRE700,000 CWT19.1 $ / CWT13,346,000
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET38.8 $ / CWT11,136,000
SPINACH, PROCESSING107 $ / TON2,210,000
SPINACH, UTILIZED700,000 CWT
OATS
OATS450,00050,00050 BU / ACRE2,500,000 BU4.95 $ / BU12,375,000
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, CHILE2,7002,50055 CWT / ACRE137,500 CWT64.5 $ / CWT8,873,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, UTILIZED137,500 CWT
PEPPERS, CHILE, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEPPERS, CHILE, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS5,7004,90097 CWT / ACRE475,300 CWT18.4 $ / CWT8,746,000
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING340 $ / TON6,464,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET24 $ / CWT2,282,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED475,300 CWT
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET29.2 $ / CWT5,723,000
BEANS, SNAP3,0002,80070 CWT / ACRE196,000 CWT29.2 $ / CWT5,723,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED196,000 CWT
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER25,50023,5001,174 LB / ACRE27,580,000 LB19.4 $ / CWT5,342,000
CARROTS
CARROTS1,7001,600250 CWT / ACRE400,000 CWT9.46 $ / CWT3,785,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED400,000 CWT
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SQUASH
SQUASH1,9001,50059 CWT / ACRE88,500 CWT39.5 $ / CWT3,481,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED88,200 CWT
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SQUASH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SUGARCANE
SUGARCANE, SUGAR & SEED38,90036.6 TONS / ACRE1,425,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SEED1,30037.9 TONS / ACRE49,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SUGAR37,60036.6 TONS / ACRE1,376,000 TONS
FLOWERING PLANTS, POTTED
FLOWERING PLANTS, POTTED, INDOOR USE
CUT FLOWERS
CUT FLOWERS
BEDDING PLANTS, ANNUAL
BEDDING PLANTS, ANNUAL
PROPAGATIVE MATERIAL
PROPAGATIVE MATERIAL, FLORICULTURE
FOLIAGE PLANTS
FOLIAGE PLANTS, INDOOR USE, POTS
FOLIAGE PLANTS, INDOOR USE
BEDDING PLANTS, HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL
BEDDING PLANTS, HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL, POTS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE145,0007.48 TONS / ACRE1,085,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)140,0007.5 TONS / ACRE1,050,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA5,0007 TONS / ACRE35,000 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES2,420 TONS
GRAPES
GRAPES11,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Texas
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold25,375,581350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 7,366,993850
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products18,008,588150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,049,5221450
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed1,618,671117
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes474,949850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries251,647850
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod1,011,669350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,4462049
Other crops and hay958,088350
Poultry and eggs2,624,759650
Cattle and calves13,013,127150
Milk from cows1,698,264650
Hogs and pigs239,3581550
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk122,053150
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys149,103350
Aquaculture82,033750
Other animals and other animal products79,891350
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop5,069,579150
Cotton, all3,844,464117
Upland cotton3,835,216117
Wheat for grain, all2,993,969549
Winter wheat for grain2,989,113348
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens107,351,698650
Layers20,902,244550
Cattle and calves11,159,747150
Pullets for laying flock replacement6,244,474750
Turkeys1,747,5261750
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00080,196
   $1,000 to $2,49932,579
   $2,500 to $4,99929,961
   $5,000 to $9,99932,144
   $10,000 to $19,99925,156
   $20,000 to $24,9996,625
   $25,000 to $39,99911,250
   $40,000 to $49,9994,255
   $50,000 to $99,9999,154
   $100,000 to $249,9997,631
   $250,000 to $499,9993,846
   $500,000 or more6,012
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)25,404,943
   Average per farm ($)102,106
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,965,736
   Average per farm ($)7,901
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming104,769
   Other144,040
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male210,357
   Female38,452
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native3,820
   Asian1,226
   Black or African American11,719
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander147
   White351,950
   More than one race2,202
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 234,264
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.