2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Texas
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Nov/17/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation540
Farm Operations - Number of Operations240,000
Farm Operations - Acres Operated129,600,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )4,585,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )515,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )12,500,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )2,650,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )75,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )795,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )26,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2018 )750,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2017 )1,050,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head651,200,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head23,589
Milk - Production, Measured in $2,217,936,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb12,054,000,000
County outlines for TEXAS

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND6,900,0005,500,000809 LB / ACRE9,270,000 480 LB BALES0.663 $ / LB3,009,600,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED2,852,000 TONS138 $ / TON402,670,000
COTTON6,914,0005,513,000809 LB / ACRE9,296,000 480 LB BALES
COTTON, UPLAND, NON-IRRIGATED4,526,0003,375,000642 LB / ACRE4,511,500 480 LB BALES
COTTON, UPLAND, IRRIGATED2,374,0002,125,0001,075 LB / ACRE4,758,500 480 LB BALES
COTTON, PIMA14,00013,000960 LB / ACRE26,000 480 LB BALES(D) $ / LB(D)
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE4,905,0002.23 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS10,921,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,193,422,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA10,000105,0004.73 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS497,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)4,800,0002.17 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS10,424,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
CORN
CORN, GRAIN2,240,000140 BU / ACRE313,600,000 BU3.75 $ / BU1,176,000,000
CORN, NON-IRRIGATED1,348,000
CORN, SILAGE150,00022 TONS / ACRE3,300,000 TONS
CORN, IRRIGATED1,102,000
CORN, IRRIGATED, GRAIN955,000192.3 BU / ACRE183,600,000 BU
CORN2,450,000
CORN, NON-IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,285,000101.2 BU / ACRE130,000,000 BU
HAY
HAY4,800,0002.16 TONS / ACRE10,350,000 TONS116 $ / TON1,131,660,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)4,700,0002.1 TONS / ACRE9,870,000 TONS105 $ / TON1,046,220,000
HAY, ALFALFA100,0004.8 TONS / ACRE480,000 TONS181 $ / TON85,440,000
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN1,500,00063 BU / ACRE94,500,000 BU6.3 $ / CWT341,334,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE65,00015 TONS / ACRE975,000 TONS
SORGHUM1,650,000
SORGHUM, NON-IRRIGATED1,420,000
SORGHUM, IRRIGATED230,000
SORGHUM, IRRIGATED, GRAIN205,00083.4 BU / ACRE17,100,000 BU
SORGHUM, NON-IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,295,00059.8 BU / ACRE77,400,000 BU
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER4,700,0002,350,00029 BU / ACRE68,150,000 BU3.89 $ / BU255,563,000
WHEAT4,700,0002,350,00029 BU / ACRE68,150,000 BU3.89 $ / BU255,563,000
WHEAT, WINTER, IRRIGATED710,000365,00047.9 BU / ACRE17,500,000 BU
WHEAT, WINTER, NON-IRRIGATED3,990,0001,985,00025.5 BU / ACRE50,650,000 BU
PEANUTS
PEANUTS275,000210,0003,320 LB / ACRE697,200,000 LB0.286 $ / LB204,876,000
RICE
RICE173,000158,0007,260 LB / ACRE11,468,000 CWT11.6 $ / CWT133,029,000
POTATOES
POTATOES22,00021,500395 CWT / ACRE8,493,000 CWT15.2 $ / CWT129,094,000
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON25,00022,000290 CWT / ACRE6,380,000 CWT14.9 $ / CWT91,651,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET24 $ / CWT3,432,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP1,4001,300110 CWT / ACRE143,000 CWT24 $ / CWT3,432,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED143,000 CWT
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED6,156,700 CWT
MELONS, WATERMELON, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL427 LB / ACRE38,000,000 LB85,140,000
PECANS89,0002.24 $ / LB
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT16,400293 BOXES / ACRE12.98 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV62,280,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED192,000 TONS
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS210,000185,00037 BU / ACRE6,845,000 BU8.9 $ / BU60,921,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE6,5006,100300 CWT / ACRE1,830,000 CWT17.8 $ / CWT32,574,000
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET17.8 $ / CWT32,574,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED1,830,000 CWT
SPINACH
SPINACH4,3004,100240 CWT / ACRE984,000 CWT28.8 $ / CWT28,363,000
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET39.3 $ / CWT26,685,000
SPINACH, PROCESSING110 $ / TON1,678,000
SPINACH, UTILIZED984,000 CWT
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED16,070 TONS26,056,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING15,750 TONS1,620 $ / TON25,515,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET320 TONS1,690 $ / TON541,000
GRAPES5,5002.94 TONS / ACRE16,170 TONS1,620 $ / TON
ORANGES
ORANGES8,000171 BOXES / ACRE17.74 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV24,298,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED58,000 TONS
ORANGES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS4,6004,500195 CWT / ACRE877,500 CWT26.8 $ / CWT23,163,000
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET26.8 $ / CWT23,163,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED864,300 CWT
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS7,5006,800100 CWT / ACRE680,000 CWT19 $ / CWT12,920,000
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING350 $ / TON9,520,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET25 $ / CWT3,400,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED680,000 CWT
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER46,00043,0001,395 LB / ACRE60,000,000 LB19.8 $ / CWT11,892,000
OATS
OATS455,00060,00045 BU / ACRE2,700,000 BU4.28 $ / BU10,530,000
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, CHILE3,4003,10055 CWT / ACRE170,500 CWT61.3 $ / CWT10,458,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, UTILIZED170,500 CWT
PEPPERS, CHILE, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEPPERS, CHILE, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SQUASH
SQUASH1,9001,70090 CWT / ACRE153,000 CWT63.7 $ / CWT9,746,000
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET63.7 $ / CWT9,746,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED153,000 CWT
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE22,00020,0001,100 LB / ACRE220,000 CWT34.6 $ / CWT7,612,000
BEANS, SNAP6,8006,70060 CWT / ACRE402,000 CWT9 $ / CWT3,618,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED402,000 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET2,500 TONS2,500 $ / TON6,250,000
PEACHES, UTILIZED2,500 TONS6,250,000
PEACHES, PROCESSING(X) $ / TON
PEACHES2,7001 TONS / ACRE2,700 TONS2,500 $ / TON
CARROTS
CARROTS1,2001,100240 CWT / ACRE264,000 CWT10.5 $ / CWT2,762,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED264,000 CWT
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SUGARCANE
SUGARCANE, SUGAR & SEED41,80037.1 TONS / ACRE1,552,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SUGAR40,50036.8 TONS / ACRE1,490,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SEED1,30048 TONS / ACRE62,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE165,0007 TONS / ACRE1,155,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)160,0007 TONS / ACRE1,120,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA5,0007 TONS / ACRE35,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Texas
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold25,375,581350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 7,366,993850
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products18,008,588150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,049,5221450
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed1,618,671117
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes474,949850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries251,647850
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod1,011,669350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,4462049
Other crops and hay958,088350
Poultry and eggs2,624,759650
Cattle and calves13,013,127150
Milk from cows1,698,264650
Hogs and pigs239,3581550
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk122,053150
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys149,103350
Aquaculture82,033750
Other animals and other animal products79,891350
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop5,069,579150
Cotton, all3,844,464117
Upland cotton3,835,216117
Wheat for grain, all2,993,969549
Winter wheat for grain2,989,113348
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens107,351,698650
Layers20,902,244550
Cattle and calves11,159,747150
Pullets for laying flock replacement6,244,474750
Turkeys1,747,5261750
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00080,196
   $1,000 to $2,49932,579
   $2,500 to $4,99929,961
   $5,000 to $9,99932,144
   $10,000 to $19,99925,156
   $20,000 to $24,9996,625
   $25,000 to $39,99911,250
   $40,000 to $49,9994,255
   $50,000 to $99,9999,154
   $100,000 to $249,9997,631
   $250,000 to $499,9993,846
   $500,000 or more6,012
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)25,404,943
   Average per farm ($)102,106
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,965,736
   Average per farm ($)7,901
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming104,769
   Other144,040
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male210,357
   Female38,452
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native3,820
   Asian1,226
   Black or African American11,719
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander147
   White351,950
   More than one race2,202
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 234,264
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.