2016 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Texas
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Feb/18/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Pct of Ag Land100
Farm Operations - Operations, Measured in Pct of Farm Operations100
Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation537
Farm Operations - Number of Operations241,500
Farm Operations - Acres Operated129,800,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )4,460,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )490,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )12,300,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )2,430,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )80,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )790,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )22,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )710,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2016 )880,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head629,500,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head22,680
Milk - Production, Measured in $1,852,956,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb10,773,000,000
County outlines for TEXAS

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProduction or SalesPrice per UnitValue of Production or Sales in Dollars
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND5,650,0005,200,000748 LB / ACRE8,100,000 480 LB BALES0.667 $ / LB2,467,296,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED2,528,000 TONS194 $ / TON480,384,000
COTTON, UPLAND, IRRIGATED1,890,0001,737,0001,103 LB / ACRE3,991,700 480 LB BALES
COTTON, UPLAND, NON-IRRIGATED3,760,0003,463,000569 LB / ACRE4,108,300 480 LB BALES
COTTON5,667,0005,215,000749 LB / ACRE8,133,000 480 LB BALES
COTTON, PIMA17,00015,0001,056 LB / ACRE33,000 480 LB BALES1.07 $ / LB(D)
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE4,936,0002.62 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS12,945,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,344,031,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)4,800,0002.55 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS12,232,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA20,000136,0005.24 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS713,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY4,830,0002.58 TONS / ACRE12,439,000 TONS112 $ / TON1,291,767,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)4,700,0002.5 TONS / ACRE11,750,000 TONS98 $ / TON1,169,125,000
HAY, ALFALFA130,0005.3 TONS / ACRE689,000 TONS176 $ / TON122,642,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN2,550,000127 BU / ACRE323,850,000 BU3.71 $ / BU1,214,438,000
CORN, SILAGE250,00017 TONS / ACRE4,250,000 TONS
CORN, NON-IRRIGATED1,500,000
CORN, IRRIGATED1,400,000
CORN2,900,000
CORN, IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,200,000178.2 BU / ACRE213,850,000 BU
CORN, NON-IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,350,00081.5 BU / ACRE110,000,000 BU
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN1,750,00066 BU / ACRE115,500,000 BU5.94 $ / CWT388,080,000
SORGHUM, NON-IRRIGATED, GRAIN1,505,00063.4 BU / ACRE95,400,000 BU
SORGHUM, SILAGE85,00014.5 TONS / ACRE1,232,500 TONS
SORGHUM, IRRIGATED, GRAIN245,00082 BU / ACRE20,100,000 BU
SORGHUM1,900,000
SORGHUM, IRRIGATED275,000
SORGHUM, NON-IRRIGATED1,625,000
WHEAT
WHEAT5,000,0002,800,00032 BU / ACRE89,600,000 BU3.54 $ / BU318,080,000
WHEAT, WINTER5,000,0002,800,00032 BU / ACRE89,600,000 BU3.54 $ / BU318,080,000
WHEAT, WINTER, NON-IRRIGATED4,125,0002,300,00027 BU / ACRE62,100,000 BU
WHEAT, WINTER, IRRIGATED875,000500,00055 BU / ACRE27,500,000 BU
RICE
RICE195,000187,0007,360 LB / ACRE13,766,000 CWT10.4 $ / CWT148,673,000
PEANUTS
PEANUTS305,000205,0002,730 LB / ACRE559,650,000 LB0.232 $ / LB133,476,000
POTATOES
POTATOES20,00019,600395 CWT / ACRE7,742,000 CWT17.1 $ / CWT132,531,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL390 LB / ACRE39,000,000 LB94,020,000
PECANS100,0002.41 $ / LB
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON28,00025,000290 CWT / ACRE7,250,000 CWT10.2 $ / CWT73,950,000
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET10.2 $ / CWT73,950,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP1,7001,500125 CWT / ACRE187,500 CWT22 $ / CWT4,125,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET22 $ / CWT4,125,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, UTILIZED187,500 CWT
MELONS, WATERMELON, UTILIZED7,250,000 CWT
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT17,100281 BOXES / ACRE10.51 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV50,430,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED192,000 TONS
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET2,500,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING2,300,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS165,000145,00031 BU / ACRE4,495,000 BU9.16 $ / BU40,905,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET18 $ / CWT35,910,000
CABBAGE6,1005,700350 CWT / ACRE1,995,000 CWT18 $ / CWT35,910,000
CABBAGE, UTILIZED1,995,000 CWT
ORANGES
ORANGES7,400229 BOXES / ACRE17.93 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV30,319,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED71,000 TONS
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET1,370,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, PROCESSING321,000 BOXES(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED13,500 TONS20,664,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING13,200 TONS1,530 $ / TON20,196,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET300 TONS1,560 $ / TON468,000
GRAPES4,5003.02 TONS / ACRE13,600 TONS1,530 $ / TON
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS4,4004,000410 CWT / ACRE1,640,000 CWT10.4 $ / CWT17,056,000
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET10.4 $ / CWT17,056,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED1,640,000 CWT
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS7,5007,100105 CWT / ACRE745,500 CWT18.1 $ / CWT13,464,000
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING340 $ / TON10,139,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET22.3 $ / CWT3,325,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED745,500 CWT
OATS
OATS470,00060,00050 BU / ACRE3,000,000 BU4.03 $ / BU12,150,000
SPINACH
SPINACH4,2004,000245 CWT / ACRE980,000 CWT10.5 $ / CWT10,245,000
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET26.5 $ / CWT7,325,000
SPINACH, PROCESSING83 $ / TON2,920,000
SPINACH, UTILIZED980,000 CWT
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER45,50038,5001,309 LB / ACRE50,400,000 LB18.7 $ / CWT9,408,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED4,200 TONS9,240,000
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET4,200 TONS2,200 $ / TON9,240,000
PEACHES3,0001.47 TONS / ACRE4,400 TONS2,200 $ / TON
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE27,00024,0001,100 LB / ACRE264,000 CWT34.9 $ / CWT9,214,000
BEANS, SNAP2,5002,20055 CWT / ACRE121,000 CWT10.6 $ / CWT1,249,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED118,100 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, CHILE3,3003,00050 CWT / ACRE150,000 CWT60 $ / CWT8,580,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, FRESH MARKET60 $ / CWT5,106,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, PROCESSING1,200 $ / TON3,474,000
PEPPERS, CHILE, UTILIZED143,000 CWT
SQUASH
SQUASH2,0001,90090 CWT / ACRE171,000 CWT41.2 $ / CWT7,042,000
SQUASH, UTILIZED171,000 CWT
SQUASH, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
SQUASH, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
CARROTS
CARROTS1,3001,200295 CWT / ACRE354,000 CWT11.2 $ / CWT3,965,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED354,000 CWT
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
SUGARCANE
SUGARCANE, SEED1,90037 TONS / ACRE70,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SUGAR37,70037 TONS / ACRE1,395,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SUGAR & SEED39,60037 TONS / ACRE1,465,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA7,0007 TONS / ACRE49,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)130,0007.5 TONS / ACRE975,000 TONS
HAYLAGE137,0007.47 TONS / ACRE1,024,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Texas

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold25,375,581350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 7,366,993850
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products18,008,588150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,049,5221450
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed1,618,671117
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes474,949850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries251,647850
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod1,011,669350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,4462049
Other crops and hay958,088350
Poultry and eggs2,624,759650
Cattle and calves13,013,127150
Milk from cows1,698,264650
Hogs and pigs239,3581550
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk122,053150
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys149,103350
Aquaculture82,033750
Other animals and other animal products79,891350
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop5,069,579150
Cotton, all3,844,464117
Upland cotton3,835,216117
Wheat for grain, all2,993,969549
Winter wheat for grain2,989,113348
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens107,351,698650
Layers20,902,244550
Cattle and calves11,159,747150
Pullets for laying flock replacement6,244,474750
Turkeys1,747,5261750

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00080,196
   $1,000 to $2,49932,579
   $2,500 to $4,99929,961
   $5,000 to $9,99932,144
   $10,000 to $19,99925,156
   $20,000 to $24,9996,625
   $25,000 to $39,99911,250
   $40,000 to $49,9994,255
   $50,000 to $99,9999,154
   $100,000 to $249,9997,631
   $250,000 to $499,9993,846
   $500,000 or more6,012
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)25,404,943
   Average per farm ($)102,106
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,965,736
   Average per farm ($)7,901
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming104,769
   Other144,040
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male210,357
   Female38,452
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native3,820
   Asian1,226
   Black or African American11,719
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander147
   White351,950
   More than one race2,202
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 234,264

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.