2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Washington
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Apr/21/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation412
Farm Operations - Number of Operations35,700
Farm Operations - Acres Operated14,700,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )230,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )280,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )1,180,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )230,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )21,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )8,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )50,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )17,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head24,318
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb6,736,000,000
County outlines for WASHINGTON

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
WHEAT
WHEAT2,220,0002,165,00070.8 BU / ACRE153,210,000 BU5.45 $ / BU835,677,000
WHEAT, WINTER1,700,0001,650,00076 BU / ACRE125,400,000 BU5.4 $ / BU677,160,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)520,000515,00054 BU / ACRE27,810,000 BU5.7 $ / BU158,517,000
POTATOES
POTATOES165,000165,000640 CWT / ACRE105,600,000 CWT6.52 $ / CWT688,512,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE830,0004.07 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS3,382,000 TONS, DRY BASIS637,554,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA60,000355,0004.72 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,676,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)475,0003.59 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,706,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY760,0003.64 TONS / ACRE2,764,000 TONS187 $ / TON518,891,000
HAY, ALFALFA350,0004.5 TONS / ACRE1,575,000 TONS183 $ / TON288,225,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)410,0002.9 TONS / ACRE1,189,000 TONS194 $ / TON230,666,000
HOPS
HOPS39,1701,984 LB / ACRE77,727,700 LB5.5 $ / LB427,502,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN74,00072,000230 CWT / ACRE16,560,000 CWT5.08 $ / CWT84,080,000
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING80 $ / TON64,452,000
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET43.9 $ / CWT19,628,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED16,560,000 CWT
CORN
CORN, GRAIN85,000220 BU / ACRE18,700,000 BU4.1 $ / BU76,670,000
CORN, SILAGE80,00026 TONS / ACRE2,080,000 TONS
CORN165,000
MINT
MINT, SPEARMINT, OIL12,300142 LB / ACRE1,748,000 LB16.7 $ / LB29,229,000
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL11,000120 LB / ACRE1,320,000 LB19.4 $ / LB25,608,000
ASPARAGUS
ASPARAGUS4,5004,10065 CWT / ACRE266,500 CWT100 $ / CWT26,195,000
ASPARAGUS, UTILIZED261,200 CWT
ASPARAGUS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
ASPARAGUS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEAS
PEAS, GREEN33,00032,40055 CWT / ACRE1,782,000 CWT12.8 $ / CWT22,766,000
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE52,00051,0002,500 LB / ACRE1,275,000 CWT11.5 $ / CWT14,663,000
PEAS, GREEN, UTILIZED1,780,200 CWT
PEAS, WRINKLED SEED7,0007,0003,900 LB / ACRE273,000 CWT(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEAS, GREEN, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
PEAS, GREEN, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CANOLA
CANOLA70,00067,0001,790 LB / ACRE119,930,000 LB16.9 $ / CWT20,268,000
CARROTS
CARROTS6,0005,900620 CWT / ACRE3,658,000 CWT5.46 $ / CWT19,982,000
CARROTS, UTILIZED3,658,000 CWT
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CARROTS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
BARLEY
BARLEY85,00067,00073 BU / ACRE4,891,000 BU4 $ / BU19,564,000
LENTILS
LENTILS60,00059,0001,200 LB / ACRE708,000 CWT25.9 $ / CWT18,337,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET40 $ / CWT11,844,000
PUMPKINS2,8002,400125 CWT / ACRE300,000 CWT40 $ / CWT11,844,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED296,100 CWT
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES900820105 CWT / ACRE86,100 CWT107 $ / CWT9,167,000
STRAWBERRIES, UTILIZED85,800 CWT
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
STRAWBERRIES, PROCESSING(D) $ / CWT(D)
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP3,2003,20077 CWT / ACRE246,400 CWT31.9 $ / CWT7,856,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED246,400 CWT
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
OATS
OATS17,0004,00046 BU / ACRE184,000 BU2.3 $ / BU423,000
CHICKPEAS
CHICKPEAS190,000189,3001,680 LB / ACRE3,180,000 CWT
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE119,00010.5 TONS / ACRE1,249,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)95,00011 TONS / ACRE1,045,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA24,0008.5 TONS / ACRE204,000 TONS
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, TART23,800,000 LB
CHERRIES, SWEET215,000 TONS
GRAPES
GRAPES455,000 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES13,450 TONS
APRICOTS
APRICOTS5,800 TONS
PEARS
PEARS338,000 TONS
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS1,8001,80048.2 TONS / ACRE87,000 TONS
APPLES
APPLES7,200,000,000 LB
CRANBERRIES
CRANBERRIES168,000 BARRELS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Washington
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold9,120,7491750
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 6,492,0421150
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products2,628,7082550
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,473,5742150
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes1,064,081350
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries2,931,370250
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod333,2521150
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops18,925549
Other crops and hay670,840850
Poultry and eggs261,9922650
Cattle and calves994,8351750
Milk from cows1,136,8561050
Hogs and pigs4,5423450
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk9,6052650
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys17,8992350
Aquaculture187,222150
Other animals and other animal products15,7582350
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Wheat for grain, all2,186,813749
Winter wheat for grain1,669,175648
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop748,9092750
Spring wheat for grain514,374529
Vegetables harvested, all351,639350
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens7,511,0652350
Layers7,236,1281650
Pullets for laying flock replacement1,980,8181650
Cattle and calves1,162,7922750
Colonies of bees96,685950
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00012,513
   $1,000 to $2,4994,387
   $2,500 to $4,9994,084
   $5,000 to $9,9993,542
   $10,000 to $19,9992,658
   $20,000 to $24,999740
   $25,000 to $39,9991,220
   $40,000 to $49,999623
   $50,000 to $99,9991,380
   $100,000 to $249,9992,081
   $250,000 to $499,9991,286
   $500,000 or more2,735
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)7,839,554
   Average per farm ($)210,463
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,752,459
   Average per farm ($)47,047
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming17,650
   Other19,599
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male29,730
   Female7,519
  
Average age of principal operator58.8
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native732
   Asian804
   Black or African American96
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander70
   White57,631
   More than one race451
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 22,981
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.