2018 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Minnesota
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Jun/19/2019

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation372
Farm Operations - Number of Operations68,500
Farm Operations - Acres Operated25,500,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )370,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )450,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )2,320,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )410,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )25,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )13,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2019 )125,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2018 )8,900,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head59,100,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head42,000,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head21,784
Milk - Production, Measured in $1,628,220,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb9,868,000,000
County outlines for MINNESOTA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN7,490,000182 BU / ACRE1,363,180,000 BU3.4 $ / BU4,634,812,000
CORN, SILAGE340,00022 TONS / ACRE7,480,000 TONS
CORN7,900,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS7,800,0007,710,00050.5 BU / ACRE389,355,000 BU8.55 $ / BU3,328,985,000
WHEAT
WHEAT1,621,0001,575,00059 BU / ACRE92,930,000 BU5.35 $ / BU497,041,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)1,610,0001,570,00059 BU / ACRE92,630,000 BU5.35 $ / BU495,571,000
WHEAT, WINTER11,0005,00060 BU / ACRE300,000 BU4.9 $ / BU1,470,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,380,0002.73 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS3,763,000 TONS, DRY BASIS458,015,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)530,0002.09 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,106,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA130,000850,0003.13 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,657,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY1,220,0002.52 TONS / ACRE3,077,000 TONS117 $ / TON370,289,000
HAY, ALFALFA720,0002.85 TONS / ACRE2,052,000 TONS132 $ / TON270,864,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)500,0002.05 TONS / ACRE1,025,000 TONS97 $ / TON99,425,000
POTATOES
POTATOES44,00043,500430 CWT / ACRE18,705,000 CWT9.27 $ / CWT173,395,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN114,400110,600140 CWT / ACRE15,484,000 CWT5.29 $ / CWT81,899,000
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING73.7 $ / TON54,833,000
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET46 $ / CWT27,066,000
SWEET CORN, UTILIZED15,468,500 CWT
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER52,50051,0002,236 LB / ACRE114,050,000 LB18.9 $ / CWT21,598,000
BARLEY
BARLEY80,00067,00076 BU / ACRE5,092,000 BU4.15 $ / BU21,132,000
CANOLA
CANOLA46,00045,0002,060 LB / ACRE92,700,000 LB19.1 $ / CWT17,706,000
PEAS
PEAS, GREEN52,00045,80029 CWT / ACRE1,328,200 CWT13 $ / CWT17,306,000
PEAS, GREEN, UTILIZED1,326,900 CWT
PEAS, GREEN, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
PEAS, GREEN, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS180,000105,00059 BU / ACRE6,195,000 BU2.35 $ / BU14,558,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS, FRESH MARKET29.5 $ / CWT12,369,000
PUMPKINS1,7001,400305 CWT / ACRE427,000 CWT29.5 $ / CWT12,369,000
PUMPKINS, UTILIZED419,300 CWT
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP2,9002,80077 CWT / ACRE215,600 CWT21.9 $ / CWT4,714,000
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET109 $ / CWT3,717,000
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING110 $ / TON997,000
BEANS, SNAP, UTILIZED215,400 CWT
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.2 GALLONS / TAP13,000 GALLONS61.6 $ / GALLON801,000
CHICKPEAS
CHICKPEAS(D)(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) CWT
APPLES
APPLES22,300,000 LB
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS415,000408,00025.7 TONS / ACRE10,486,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA180,0006.8 TONS / ACRE1,224,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)40,0004.1 TONS / ACRE164,000 TONS
HAYLAGE220,0006.31 TONS / ACRE1,388,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit
Census State Profile: Minnesota
Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold21,280,184550
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 13,879,211450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products7,400,974750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas12,304,415350
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes405,5971250
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries17,9743350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod213,3352050
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops3,0431549
Other crops and hay934,846550
Poultry and eggs1,230,6251250
Cattle and calves1,639,6341250
Milk from cows1,645,911750
Hogs and pigs2,783,049350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk25,6031250
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys15,2042950
Aquaculture12,6782350
Other animals and other animal products48,271950
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain8,316,822449
Soybeans for beans7,005,764345
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,499,5861550
Wheat for grain, all1,354,928949
Spring wheat for grain1,319,274329
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Turkeys19,449,992150
Layers9,693,6481150
Broilers and other meat-type chickens7,765,1722250
Hogs and pigs7,606,785350
Pullets for laying flock replacement2,823,9941450
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00017,735
   $1,000 to $2,4993,453
   $2,500 to $4,9994,047
   $5,000 to $9,9994,552
   $10,000 to $19,9994,437
   $20,000 to $24,9991,585
   $25,000 to $39,9993,650
   $40,000 to $49,9991,980
   $50,000 to $99,9998,112
   $100,000 to $249,9998,185
   $250,000 to $499,9996,447
   $500,000 or more10,359
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)15,520,275
   Average per farm ($)208,208
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)7,032,647
   Average per farm ($)94,345
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming39,423
   Other35,119
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male68,172
   Female6,370
  
Average age of principal operator56.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native248
   Asian471
   Black or African American51
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander20
   White108,307
   More than one race252
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2562
Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.