Turkeys Raised

The Turkeys Raised survey measures the number of turkeys raised, by state, for the current year.

All known turkey farmers and contractors are sampled for the September and February surveys in all major states. Major states are those states that raise at least 1 percent of the U.S. total. The following states are considered a major state: Arkansas, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.


The Turkeys Raised reports are issued in September. The February raised estimates are published in the April Poultry Production and Value.

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Program Content

Data are collected on the number of poults placed, death loss, and the resulting number raised.


The September report provides data users with a preliminary estimate of turkeys being raised in the current calendar year. The February report presents the final estimates of turkeys raised the previous calendar year. Producers can assess industry trends and outlook for business planning and marketing decisions. Processors and retailers use the data to project supplies. Economists and other analysts use the data to monitor the health of the industry and evaluate the contribution to the general farm economy.


The survey is conducted each September and February.


NASS maintains a list of independent turkey farmers and contractors and all (approximately 1,000) are contacted for the survey. The reference period is one year, ending August 31. Questionnaires are mailed to reach respondents about September 1 and February 1. Those not responding by mail are contacted by phone.

Related Programs

Turkey Hatchery
Poultry Slaughter
Poultry Production, Disposition, and Income

Last Modified: 11/09/2018