2016 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW

 Alabama
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Feb/18/2018

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Pct of Ag Land100
Farm Operations - Operations, Measured in Pct of Farm Operations100
Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation202
Farm Operations - Number of Operations44,000
Farm Operations - Acres Operated8,900,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )693,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )7,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )1,300,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )45,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2017 )3,900
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2016 )40,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head1,070,100,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head13,143
Milk - Production, Measured in $15,732,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb92,000,000
County outlines for ALABAMA

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProduction or SalesPrice per UnitValue of Production or Sales in Dollars
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND345,000343,000988 LB / ACRE706,000 480 LB BALES0.71 $ / LB227,743,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED207,000 TONS176 $ / TON35,904,000
COTTON345,000343,000988 LB / ACRE706,000 480 LB BALES
HAY
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)810,0002.1 TONS / ACRE1,701,000 TONS110 $ / TON226,233,000
HAY810,0002.1 TONS / ACRE1,701,000 TONS110 $ / TON226,233,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE226,233,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN315,000120 BU / ACRE37,800,000 BU3.63 $ / BU132,300,000
CORN330,000
CORN, SILAGE7,00016 TONS / ACRE112,000 TONS
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS420,000410,00032 BU / ACRE13,120,000 BU9.83 $ / BU129,232,000
PEANUTS
PEANUTS175,000172,0003,600 LB / ACRE619,200,000 LB0.197 $ / LB113,972,000
WHEAT
WHEAT230,000170,00070 BU / ACRE11,900,000 BU4.45 $ / BU52,955,000
WHEAT, WINTER230,000170,00070 BU / ACRE11,900,000 BU4.45 $ / BU52,955,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED3,270 TONS4,545,000
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET3,270 TONS1,390 $ / TON4,545,000
PEACHES1,5002.2 TONS / ACRE3,300 TONS1,390 $ / TON
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL247 LB / ACRE2,200,000 LB4,467,000
PECANS8,9002.03 $ / LB
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS3,6003,50094 CWT / ACRE329,000 CWT13.5 $ / CWT4,442,000
CUCUMBERS, UTILIZED329,000 CWT
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / CWT(D)
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS50,00020,00055 BU / ACRE1,100,000 BU3.9 $ / BU4,235,000
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Alabama

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold5,571,1732550
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 1,314,9713350
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,256,2021650
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas435,4653350
Tobacco(D)1819
Cotton and cottonseed254,506717
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes50,3323350
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries23,8722750
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod242,5891950
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops(D)3149
Other crops and hay307,3451750
Poultry and eggs3,624,852450
Cattle and calves429,3493150
Milk from cows28,1134450
Hogs and pigs33,4243150
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk5,6753350
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys13,4023150
Aquaculture117,920450
Other animals and other animal products3,4674250
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop807,0582550
Cotton, all376,464717
Upland cotton376,464717
Soybeans for beans334,8312345
Corn for grain285,3282849
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens172,955,409250
Layers9,435,6051250
Pullets for laying flock replacement5,457,121950
Cattle and calves1,236,4672650
Quail1,104,670249

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00014,007
   $1,000 to $2,4994,246
   $2,500 to $4,9994,782
   $5,000 to $9,9995,591
   $10,000 to $19,9994,380
   $20,000 to $24,9991,193
   $25,000 to $39,9991,943
   $40,000 to $49,999719
   $50,000 to $99,9991,510
   $100,000 to $249,999947
   $250,000 to $499,999689
   $500,000 or more3,216
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)4,736,277
   Average per farm ($)109,578
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,066,431
   Average per farm ($)24,673
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming19,114
   Other24,109
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male37,809
   Female5,414
  
Average age of principal operator59.3
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native787
   Asian121
   Black or African American3,763
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander14
   White58,103
   More than one race481
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2483

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.